Template:Infobox phosphorus

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Phosphorus, 15P
Template:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
waxy white (yellae cut), reid (granules centre left, chunk centre richt), an violet phosphorus
Phosphorus
Pronunciation/ˈfɒsfərəs/ (FOS-fər-əs)
Appearancecolourless, waxy white, yellae, scarlet, reid, violet, black
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(P)30.973761998(5)[1]
Phosphorus in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
N

P

As
siliconphosphorussulfur
Atomic nummer (Z)15
Groupgroup 15 (pnictogens)
Periodperiod 3
Blockp-block
Element category  Reactive nonmetal
Electron confeeguration[Ne] 3s2 3p3
Electrons per shell2, 8, 5
Pheesical properties
Phase at STPsolit
Density (near r.t.)(white) 1.823, (red) ≈ 2.2 – 2.34, (violet) 2.36, (black) 2.69 g/cm3
Treeple pynt
(red) 862.7 K, 4367 kPa
Heat o fusion(white) 0.66 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation(white) 12.4 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(white)
23.824 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur (white)
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 279 307 342 388 453 549
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 455 489 529 576 635 704
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−3, −2, −1, 0,[2] +1,[3] +2, +3, +4, +5 (a mildly acidic oxide)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.19
Ionisation energies
Covalent radius107±3 pm
Van der Waals radius180 pm
Colour lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o phosphorus
Ither properties
Naitural occurrenceprimordial
Creestal structursimple triclinic
Simple triclinic creestal structur for phosphorus
Thermal conductivity(white) 0.236, (black) 12.1 W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderin(white, red, violet, black) diamagnetic[4]
Bulk modulus(white) 5, (reid) 11 GPa
CAS Nummer7723-14-0 (reid)
12185-10-3 (white)
History
DiskiveryHennig Brand (1669)
Recognized as an element biAntoine Lavoisier[5] (1777)
Main isotopes o phosphorus
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
31P 100% stable
32P syn 14.28 d β 32S
33P syn 25.3 d β 33S
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References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Meija, Juris; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.
  2. Wang, Yuzhong; Xie, Yaoming; Wei, Pingrong; King, R. Bruce; Schaefer, Iii; Schleyer, Paul v. R.; Robinson, Gregory H. (2008). "Carbene-Stabilized Diphosphorus". Journal of the American Chemical Society. 130 (45): 14970–1. doi:10.1021/ja807828t. PMID 18937460.
  3. Ellis, Bobby D.; MacDonald, Charles L. B. (2006). "Phosphorus(I) Iodide: A Versatile Metathesis Reagent for the Synthesis of Low Oxidation State Phosphorus Compounds". Inorganic Chemistry. 45 (17): 6864–74. doi:10.1021/ic060186o. PMID 16903744.
  4. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5.
  5. cf. "Memoir on Combustion in General" Mémoires de l'Académie Royale des Sciences 1777, 592–600. from Henry Marshall Leicester and Herbert S. Klickstein, A Source Book in Chemistry 1400–1900 (New York: McGraw Hill, 1952)
  6. webelements
  7. Ellis, Bobby D.; MacDonald, Charles L. B. (2006). "Phosphorus(I) Iodide: A Versatile Metathesis Reagent for the Synthesis of Low Oxidation State Phosphorus Compounds". Inorganic Chemistry. 45 (17): 6864–74. doi:10.1021/ic060186o. PMID 16903744.