Template:Infobox lithium

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Lithium, 3Li
Template:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Lithium floatin in ile
Lithium
Pronunciation/ˈlɪθiəm/ (LITH-ee-əm)
Appearancesilvery-white
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(Li)[6.9386.997] conventional: 6.94
Lithium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
H

Li

Na
heliumlithiumberyllium
Atomic nummer (Z)3
Groupgroup 1 (alkali metals)
Periodperiod 2
Blocks-block
Element category  Alkali metal
Electron confeeguration[He] 2s1
Electrons per shell2, 1
Pheesical properties
Phase at STPsolit
Meltin pynt453.65 K ​(180.50 °C, ​356.90 °F)
Bylin pynt1603 K ​(1330 °C, ​2426 °F)
Density (near r.t.)0.534 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)0.512 g/cm3
Creetical pynt3220 K, 67 MPa (extrapolatit)
Heat o fusion3.00 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation136 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity24.860 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 797 885 995 1144 1337 1610
Atomic properties
Oxidation states+1 strangly basic
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 0.98
Ionisation energies
  • 1st: 520.2 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 7298.1 kJ/mol
  • 3rd: 11815.0 kJ/mol
Atomic radiusempirical: 152 pm
Covalent radius128±7 pm
Van der Waals radius182 pm
Colour lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o lithium
Ither properties
Naitural occurrenceprimordial
Creestal structurbody-centred cubic (bcc)
Body-centered cubic creestal structur for lithium
Speed o soond thin rod6000 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion46 µm/(m·K) (at 25 °C)
Thermal conductivity84.8 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity92.8 nΩ·m (at 20°C)
Magnetic orderinparamagnetic
Young's modulus4.9 GPa
Shear modulus4.2 GPa
Bulk modulus11 GPa
Mohs haurdness0.6
CAS Nummer7439-93-2
History
DiskiveryJohan August Arfwedson (1817)
First isolationWilliam Thomas Brande (1821)
Main isotopes o lithium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
6Li 7.5% stable
7Li 92.5% stable
6Li content mey be as law as 3.75% in
naitural samples. 7Li would tharefor
hae a content o up tae 96.25%.
| references
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 180.50
K 453.65 453.65 0
F 356.90 356.90 0
WD 453.7 kelvin 180.5 Celsius 357.3 Fahrenheit Edit this at Wikidata
input C: 180.50, K: 453.65, F: 356.90
comment
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 1330
K 1603 1600 3 delta
F 2426 2430 -4 delta
WD 1317 Celsius Edit this at Wikidata
input C: 1330, K: 1603, F: 2426
comment

References

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