Template:Infobox iridium

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Iridium,  77Ir
Pieces o pure iridium
General properties
Appearancesillery white
Staundart atomic wecht (Ar, staundart)192.217(2)[1]
Iridium in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
Rh

Ir

Mt
osmiumiridiumplatinum
Atomic nummer (Z)77
Groupgroup 9
Periodperiod 6
Element category  transeetion metal
Blockd-block
Electron confeeguration[Xe] 4f14 5d7 6s2
Electrons per shell
2, 8, 18, 32, 15, 2
Pheesical properties
Phase (at STP)solid
Meltin pynt2719 K ​(2446 °C, ​4435 °F)
Bylin pynt4403 K ​(4130 °C, ​7466 °F)
Density (near r.t.)22.56 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)19 g/cm3
Heat o fusion41.12 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation564 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity25.10 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 2713 2957 3252 3614 4069 4659
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−3, −1, 0, 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9[2]
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.20
Ionisation energies
  • 1st: 880 kJ/mol
  • 2nd: 1600 kJ/mol
Atomic radiusempirical: 136 pm
Covalent radius141±6 pm
Coloyr lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o Infobox iridium
Miscellanea
Creestal structur ​face-centred cubic
Speed o soond thin rod4825 m/s (at 20 °C)
Thermal expansion6.4 µm/(m·K)
Thermal conductivity147 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity47.1 nΩ·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderinparamagnetic[3]
Magnetic susceptibility+25.6·10−6 cm3/mol (298 K)[4]
Young's modulus528 GPa
Shear modulus210 GPa
Bouk modulus320 GPa
Poisson ratio0.26
Mohs haurdness6.5
Vickers haurdness1760–2200 MPa
Brinell haurdness1670 MPa
CAS Nummer7439-88-5
History
Diskivery an first isolationSmithson Tennant (1803)
Main isotopes o iridium
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
188Ir syn 1.73 d ε 188Os
189Ir syn 13.2 d ε 189Os
190Ir syn 11.8 d ε 190Os
191Ir 37.3% stable
192Ir syn 73.827 d β 192Pt
ε 192Os
192m2Ir syn 241 y IT 192Ir
193Ir 62.7% stable
193mIr syn 10.5 d IT 193Ir
194Ir syn 19.3 h β 194Pt
194m2Ir syn 171 d IT 194Ir
| references | in Wikidata
Iridium
Os ←
iso
77
Ir E
→ Pt
v · e

References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Meija, J.; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305. 
  2. Wang, Guanjun; Zhou, Mingfei; Goettel, James T.; Schrobilgen, Gary G.; Su, Jing; Li, Jun; Schlöder, Tobias; Riedel, Sebastian (2014). "Identification of an iridium-containing compound with a formal oxidation state of IX". Nature. 514: 475–477. Bibcode:2014Natur.514..475W. doi:10.1038/nature13795. PMID 25341786. 
  3. Lide, D. R., ed. (2005). "Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds". CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF) (86th ed.). Boca Raton (FL): CRC Press. ISBN 0-8493-0486-5. 
  4. Weast, Robert (1984). CRC, Handbook of Chemistry and Physics. Boca Raton, Florida: Chemical Rubber Company Publishing. pp. E110. ISBN 0-8493-0464-4. 
Template documentation[create]