Template:Infobox fluorine

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Fluorine, 9F
Template:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Liquid fluorine (at extremely law temperaturs)
Fluorine
Pronunciation
Appearancegas: vera fauch yellae
liquid: bricht yellae
solid: skyre (beta), opaque (alpha)
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(F)18.998403163(6)[1]
Fluorine in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
-

F

Cl
oxygenfluorineneon
Atomic nummer (Z)9
Groupgroup 17 (halogens)
Periodperiod 2
Blockp-block
Element category  Reactive nonmetal
Electron confeeguration[He] 2s2 2p5[2]
Electrons per shell2, 7
Pheesical properties
Phase at STPgas
Meltin pynt53.48 K ​(−219.67 °C, ​−363.41[3] °F)
Bylin pynt85.03 K ​(−188.11 °C, ​−306.60[3] °F)
Density (at STP)1.696[4] g/L
whan liquid (at b.p.)1.505[5] g/cm3
Treeple pynt53.48 K, ​90[3] kPa
Creetical pynt144.41 K, 5.1724[3] MPa
Heat o vapourisation6.51[4] kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity(Cp) (21.1 °C) 31[5] J·mol−1·K−1
(Cv) (21.1 °C) 23[5] J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 38 44 50 58 69 85
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−1 (oxidizes oxygen)
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 3.98[6]
Ionisation energies
Covalent radius64[7] pm
Van der Waals radius135[8] pm
Colour lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o fluorine
Ither properties
Naitural occurrenceprimordial
Creestal structurbase-centred monoclinic
Monoclinic base-centered creestal structur for fluorine

alpha state (low-temperature)[9]
Thermal conductivity0.02591[10] W/(m·K)
Magnetic orderindiamagnetic, −1.2×10−4 (SI)[11][12]
CAS Nummer7782-41-4[6]
History
Naminefter the mineral fluorite, itsel named efter Latin fluo (taur pirr, in smeltin)
DiskiveryAndré-Marie Ampère (1810)
First isolationHenri Moissan[6] (Juin 26, 1886)
Named byHumphry Davy
Main isotopes o fluorine
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
18F trace 109.77 min β+ (96.9%) 18O
ε (3.1%) 18O
19F 100% stable
reference[13]
| references
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 219.67
K 53.48 492.82 -439.34 delta
F 363.41 427.41 -64 delta
WD -363 Fahrenheit Edit this at Wikidata [15]
input C: −219.67, K: 53.48, F: −363.41[3]
comment
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 188.11
K 85.03 461.26 -376.23 delta
F 306.60 370.60 -64 delta
WD -307 Fahrenheit Edit this at Wikidata [15]
input C: −188.11, K: 85.03, F: −306.60[3]
comment

References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Meija, Juris; et al. (2016). "Atomic weights of the elements 2013 (IUPAC Technical Report)". Pure and Applied Chemistry. 88 (3): 265–91. doi:10.1515/pac-2015-0305.
  2. Jaccaud et al. 2000, p. 381.
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Haynes, William M., ed. (2011). CRC Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (92nt ed.). CRC Press. p. 4.121. ISBN 1439855110.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 2.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 Compressed Gas Association (1999). Handbook of compressed gases. Springer. p. 365. ISBN 9780412782305.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 Aigueperse et al. 2005, "Fluorine", p. 1.
  7. Dean 1999, p. 4.35.
  8. Kim, Sung-Hoon (2006). Functional dyes. Elsevier. p. 257. ISBN 9780444521767.
  9. Young, David A. (1975). Phase Diagrams of the Elements (Report). Springer. p. 10. Retrieved 10 June 2011.
  10. Yaws & Braker 2001, p. 385.
  11. Mackay, Mackay & Henderson 2002, p. 72.
  12. Cheng, H.; Fowler, D. E.; Henderson, P. B.; Hobbs, J. P.; Pascaloni, M. R. (1999). "On the magnetic susceptibility of fluorine". Journal of Physical Chemistry A. 103 (15): 2861–2866. doi:10.1021/jp9844720.
  13. Chiste, V.; Be, M. M. (2006). "F-18" (PDF). Table de radionucleides. Laboratoire National Henri Becquerel. Retrieved 15 June 2011.
  14. 14.0 14.1 14.2 Dean 1999, p. 4.6.
  15. 15.0 15.1 http://www.cdc.gov/niosh/npg/npgd0289.html.
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