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The 20t o August is the 232nt day o the year (233rd in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 133 days bidin.
Events[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 1000 - Offeecial foondin date o Hungary bi Saunt Stephen.
- 1595 - Pukapuka acomes the first o the nou-kent Cook Islands, in the Sooth Paceefic Ocean, tae be reached bi a European.
- 1728 - Vitus Bering launds on Saunt Lawrence Island, nou-pairt o Alaska.
- 1866 - Preses o the Unitit States Andrew Johnson offeecially declares an end tae the American Ceevil War.
- 1868 - The Abergele train disaster in North Wales kills 33 fowk.
- 1882 - Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture debuts in Moscow.
- 1892 - Openin o Celtic Park in Glesga. It is hame tae the fitbaa team Celtic F.C..
- 1914 - Warld War I: German forces occupy Brussels.
- 1915 - Warld War I: Italy declares war o the Ottoman Empire.
- 1940 - Roushie revolutionary Leon Trotsky is attacked wi a ice-axe in Mexico; he dies the next day.
- 1945 - Japanese occupiers massacre 143 islanders on Banaba, Kiribati, Sooth Paceefic Ocean.
- 1960 - Senegal breaks frae the Mali Federation.
- 1968 - 200,000 Warsaw Pact troops an 5,000 tanks enter Czechoslovakie tae end the Prague Spring.
- 1975 - NASA launches the Viking 1 probe tae the planet Mars.
- 1977 - The Unitit States launches the Voyager 2 spacecraft.
- 1988 - A yirdquauk in Indie an Nepal kills 1,450 fowk.
- 1989 - The "Marchioness" pleasur boat sinks on the River Thames in Lunnon, killin 51 fowk.
- 1991 - Estonie separates frae the Soviet Union.
- 1995 - The mucklest Hindu temple ootside Indie opens in Neasden, Lunnon.
- 2008 - A Spanair plane crashes at Madrid-Barajas Airport, killin 146 fowk.
- 2009 - Abdelbaset al-Megrahi, the anly man convictit o the 1988 Lockerbie bombin, is released on compassionate groonds.
- 2014 - Heavy landslides in the Hiroshima Prefectur kills at least 72 fowk.
- 2018 - Swadish climate chynge activist Greta Thunberg stairts strikin for the climate ootside the Swadish pairlament; it stairts a global muivement o schuil strikes for action on the climate.
- 2019 - Italian prime meenister Giuseppe Conte propales his demission ower his coaleetion pairtner, the League pairty leader, Matteo Salvini's attempts tae call an early election.
Births[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 1561 - Jacopo Peri, Italian componer (d. 1633)
- 1778 - Bernardo O'Higgins, Chilean revolutionary leader (d. 1842)
- 1833 - Benjamin Harrison, 23nt Preses o the Unitit States (d. 1901)
- 1857 - Mary Rose Hill Burton, Scots airtist an conservationist (d. 1900)
- 1860 - Raymond Poincaré, French statesman (d. 1934)
- 1868 - Willie Groves, Scots fitbawer (d. 1908)
- 1890 - H. P. Lovecraft, American screiver (d. 1937)
- 1901 - Salvatore Quasimodo, Italian screiver (d. 1968)
- 1935 - Ron Paul, American politeecian
- 1940 - Ronnie McKinnon, Scots fitbawer
- 1941 - Slobodan Milosevic, Preses o Yugoslavie (d. 2006)
- 1943 - Sylvester McCoy, Scots actor
- 1944 - Rajiv Gandhi, Prime meenister o Indie (d. 1991)
- 1946 - Laurent Fabius, umwhile Prime meenister o Fraunce
- 1948 - Robert Plant, Inglis rock sangster (Led Zeppelin)
- 1951 - Greg Bear, American owthor
- 1960 - Annabelle Ewing, Scots politeecian
- 1966 - Enrico Letta, umwhile Prime meenister o Italy
- 1971 - David Walliams, Inglis actor, comedian an screiver
- 1974 - Amy Adams, American actress
- 1977 - Felipe Contepomi, Argentine rugby union player
- 1983 - Andrew Garfield, American-Breetish actor
- 1983 - Yuri Zhirkov, Roushie fitbawer
- 1990 - Leigh Griffiths, Scots fitbawer
- 1990 - Ranomi Kromowidjojo, Dutch soummer
- 1992 - Demi Lovato, American actress an sangster
Daiths[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 984 - Pape John XIV
- 1823 - Pape Pius VII (b. 1740)
- 1914 - Pape Pius X (b. 1835)
- 1915 - Paul Ehrlich, German doctor (b. 1854)
- 1917 - Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist (b. 1835)
- 1961 - Percy Williams Bridgman, American pheesicist (b. 1882)
- 1963 - Jimmy Dunn, Scots fitbawer (b. 1900)
- 1976 - Frank Meechan, Scots fitbawer (b. 1929)
- 2001 - Fred Hoyle, Inglis astronomer an mathemateecian (b. 1915)
- 2008 - Hua Guofeng, Cheenese politeecian (b. 1921)
- 2012 - Phyllis Diller, American actress an comedienne (b. 1917)
- 2012 - Meles Zenawi, Prime meenister o Ethiopie (b. 1955)
- 2013 - Elmore Leonard, American novelist (b. 1925)
- 2013 - Fred Martin, Scots fitbawer (b. 1929)
- 2014 - B. K. S. Iyengar, Indian spiritual teacher (b. 1918)
- 2017 - Jerry Lewis, American actor an comedian (b. 1926)
Halidays[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Naitional Day o Hungary
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