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The 1st o August is the 213rd day o the year (214t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 152 days ti come.
Events[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 30 BC - Mark Antony commits suicide.
- 1291 - Offeecial foondin date o Swisserland.
- 1408 - Christopher Columbus visits present-day Venezuela.
- 1714 - George I acomes King o Great Breetain.
- 1747 - Kilts an tartan are banned efter the seicont Jacobite uprisin.
- 1759 - Seiven Years' War: Breetish, Hanoverian an Proushie forces defeat the French in the Battle o Minden.
- 1800 - The Acts o Union o 1800 are signed, tae jyn Ireland wi Great Breetain tae form the Unitit Kinrick.
- 1834 - Slavery is abolished in the Breetish Empire.
- 1855 - Charles Hudson acomes the first person tae successfully climb the Dufourspitze, Swisserland's heichest muntain on the Monte Rosa massif.
- 1876 - Colorado becomes the 38t state o the Unitit States.
- 1907 - The first Scout camp is set up on Brownsea Island, Dorset, Ingland.
- 1914 - Warld War I: Germany declares war on Roushie.
- 1936 - Stairt o the 1936 Simmer Olympics in Berlin.
- 1944 - The Warsaw Uprisin stairts.
- 1944 - Anne Frank writes the last entry in her diary.
- 1952 - Asgeir Asgeirsson acomes the 2nt Preses o Iceland.
- 1960 - Dahomey, nou Benin, gains unthirldom frae Fraunce.
- 1960 - Islamabad is declared the federal caipital o Pakistan.
- 1968 - Kristján Eldjárn acomes the 3rd Preses o Iceland.
- 1980 - Vigdís Finnbogadóttir acomes the 4t Preses o Iceland; she is the first democratically-electit female Heid o State.
- 1980 - A train crash in Coonty Cork, Republic o Ireland, kills 18 fowk.
- 1996 - Olafur Ragnar Grimsson acomes the 5t Preses o Iceland.
- 2000 - Moshe Katsav acomes Preses o Israel.
- 2004 - A fire at a supermercat in Asuncion, Paraguay, kills 396 fowk.
- 2005 - Abdullah o Saudi Arabie becomes King.
- 2007 - The I-35W Mississippi River Brig in Minneapolis collapses, killin 13 fowk.
- 2008 - 11 climbers die in a single day on K2.
- 2009 - Anders Fogh Rasmussen acomes Secretary-General o NATO.
- 2015 - Indie an Bangladesh swap 162 exclaves aroond thair mairch.
- 2017 - Jacinda Ardern acomes leader o the New Zealand Labour Pairty; she acomes Prime meenister in October.
- 2017 - Shahid Khaqan Abbasi acomes Prime meenister o Pakistan.
- 2018 - Violent clashes occur in Harare ower the delay in the declaration o Zimbabwe's Preses election result.
- 2019 - A Houthi attack on a militar parade in Aden, Yemen, kills 32 fowk.
- 2019 - Whaley Bridge, Derbyshire, Ingland, is evacuatit ower heavy rain damage tae a local dam.
- 2019 - Jane Dodds o the Leeberal Democrats wins the Brecon an Radnorshire bi-election in Wales, cuttin Conservative UK Prime meenister Boris Johnson's wirkin majority tae just ane.
- 2020 - Mair COVID-19 restreections are loosened in Scotland: Edinburgh Castle an Stirlin Castle are permittit tae re-open, an profeesional fitbaw resumes.
Births[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 10 BC - Claudius, Roman Emperor (d. 54)
- 126 - Pertinax, Roman Emperor (d. 193)
- 1520 - Sigismund II Augustus, King o Poland an Grand Duke o Lithuanie (d. 1572)
- 1545 - Andrew Melville, Scots scholart, theologian an releegious reformer (d. 1622)
- 1744 - Jean-Baptiste Lamarck, French scientist (d. 1829)
- 1770 - William Clark, American splorer an politeecian (d. 1838)
- 1819 - Herman Melville, American writer (d. 1891)
- 1838 - Prince Louis, Coont o Trani (d. 1886)
- 1867 - William Speirs Bruce, Scots naituralist, polar scientist an oceanografer (d. 1921)
- 1885 - George de Hevesy, Hungarian radio chemist (d. 1966)
- 1893 - Alexander o Greece (d. 1920)
- 1924 - Abdullah o Saudi Arabie (d. 2015)
- 1929 - Hafizullah Amin, Afghan politeecian (d. 1979)
- 1930 - Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist (d. 2002)
- 1936 - Yves Saint Laurent, French fashion designer (d. 2008)
- 1945 - Douglas Osheroff, American pheesicist
- 1949 - Kurmanbek Bakiyev, umwhile Preses o Kyrgyzstan
- 1960 - Micheál Martin, Erse politeecian an Taoiseach
- 1963 - Coolio, American rapper an sangster
- 1963 - Amber Rudd, Inglis politeecian
- 1964 - Fiona Hyslop, Scots politeecian
- 1965 - Sam Mendes, Inglis actor an director
- 1967 - Clare Adamson, Scots politeecian
- 1973 - Edurne Pasaban, Spaingie muntaneer
- 1978 - Chris Iwelumo, Scots fitbawer
- 1984 - Bastian Schweinsteiger, German fitbawer
- 1986 - Elena Vesnina, Roushie tennis player
- 1987 - Lee Wallace, Scots fitbawer
- 1995 - Jason Cummings, Scots fitbawer
Daiths[eedit | eedit soorce]
- 30 BC - Mark Antony, Roman politeecian (b. 86 BC)
- 1137 - Louis VI o Fraunce (b. 1081)
- 1464 - Cosimo de' Medici, Florentine statesman (b. 1389)
- 1714 - Anne, Queen o Great Breetain (b. 1665)
- 1903 - Calamity Jane, American Wastren figur (b. 1852)
- 1944 - Manuel L. Quezon, Preses o the Philippines (b. 1878)
- 1967 - Richard Kuhn, Austrick-German chemist (b. 1900)
- 1970 - Otto Heinrich Warburg, German chemist (b. 1883)
- 1973 - Walter Ulbricht, East German leader (b. 1893)
- 2005 - Fahd o Saudi Arabie
- 2009 - Corazon Aquino, Preses o the Philippines (b. 1933)
- 2013 - Colin McAdam, Scots fitbawer (b. 1951)
- 2015 - Cilla Black, Inglis sangster an enterteener (b. 1943)
- 2016 - Queen Anne o Romanie (b. 1923)
- 2019 - Gordon Brand Jnr, Scots gowfer (b. 1958)
- 2020 - Wilford Brimley, American actor (b. 1934)
Halidays[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Lammas/Lughnasadh (Gaelic festival mairkin the stairt o the Hairst saison)
- Naitional Day o Swisserland
- Independence Day (Benin)
- Statehood Day (Colorado)
- Airmy Day (Fowkrepublic o Cheenae)
- Yorkshire Day
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