George I o Great Breetain

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George I
King George I by Sir Godfrey Kneller, Bt (3).jpg
George I, c. 1714. Studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller.
Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland (more...)
Ring 1 August 1714 – 11 Juin 1727[1]
Coronation 20 October 1714
Predecessor Anne
Successor George II
Prime Meenister Robert Walpole
Elector o Hanover
Ring 23 Januar 1698 – 11 Juin 1727[1]
Predecessor Ernest Augustus
Successor George II
Born 28 Mey 1660(1660-05-28)
7 Juin 1660 (N.S.)
Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
Dee'd 11 Juin 1727(1727-06-11) (aged 67)
22 Juin 1727 (N.S.)
Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück
Buirial 4 August 1727
Leineschloss, Hanover; later Herrenhausen, Hanover
Spouse Sophia Dorothea o Celle
Issue George II
Sophia Dorothea
Full name
George Louis (German: Georg Ludwig)
Hoose Hoose o Hanover
Faither Ernest Augustus, Elector o Hanover
Mither Sophia o the Palatinate
Releegion Lutheran[2]
Seegnatur George I's signature

George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 Mey 1660 – 11 Juin 1727[1]) wis Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland frae 1 August 1714 till his daith, an ruler o the Duchy an Electorate o Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire frae 1698.

George wis born in Hanover an inheritit the teetles an launds o the Duchy o Brunswick-Lüneburg frae his faither an uncles. A succession o European wars expandit his German domains in his lifetime, an in 1708 he wis ratified as prince-elector o Hanover. At the age o 54, efter the daith o his seicont cuisin Queen Anne o Great Breetain, George ascendit the Breetish throne as the first monarch o the Hoose o Hanover. Awtho ower 50 Roman Catholics war closer tae Anne bi primogenitur, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibitit Catholics frae inheritin the Breetish throne; George wis Anne's closest leevin Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attemptit tae depose George an replace him wi Anne's Catholic hauf-brither, James Francis Edward Stuart, but thair attempts failed.

In George's ring, the pouers o the monarchy diminished an Breetain begoud a transeetion tae the modren seestem o cabinet govrenment led bi a prime meenister. Taewart the end o his ring, actual poleetical pouer wis held bi Robert Walpole, nou recognised as Breetain's first de facto prime meenister. George dee'd of a stroke on a trip tae his native Hanover, whaur he wis buiried.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Throughoot George's life, Great Breetain uised the Auld Style Julian calendar. Hanover adoptit the New Style Gregorian calendar on 1 Mairch 1700 (N.S.) / 19 Februar 1700 (O.S.). Auld Style is uised for dates in this airticle unless itherwise indicatit; however, years are assumed tae stairt frae 1 Januar an nae 25 Mairch, which wis the Inglis New Year.
  2. Lathbury, Thomas (1858). A History of the Book of Common Prayer and Other Books of Authority. Oxford: John Henry and James Parker. p. 430. George I. remained a Lutheran as long as he lived, and had his German chaplain; but he conformed on some occasions with the Church of England. George II. was in the same position. Though Lutherans, they exercised acts of supremacy in the Church of England; and the common opinion was, that there was no opposition between the views of the two Churches