George I o Great Breetain
George I, c. 1714. Studio of Sir Godfrey Kneller.
|Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland (more...)|
|Ring||1 August 1714 – 11 Juin 1727|
|Coronation||20 October 1714|
|Prime Meenister||Robert Walpole|
|Elector o Hanover|
|Ring||23 Januar 1698 – 11 Juin 1727|
|Born||28 Mey 1660
7 Juin 1660 (N.S.)
Hanover, Holy Roman Empire
|Dee'd||11 Juin 1727
22 Juin 1727 (N.S.)
Schloss Osnabrück, Osnabrück
|Buirial||4 August 1727
Leineschloss, Hanover; later Herrenhausen, Hanover
|Spouse||Sophia Dorothea o Celle|
|Hoose||Hoose o Hanover|
|Faither||Ernest Augustus, Elector o Hanover|
|Mither||Sophia o the Palatinate|
George I (George Louis; German: Georg Ludwig; 28 Mey 1660 – 11 Juin 1727) wis Keeng o Great Breetain an Ireland frae 1 August 1714 till his daith, an ruler o the Duchy an Electorate o Brunswick-Lüneburg (Hanover) in the Holy Roman Empire frae 1698.
George wis born in Hanover an inheritit the teetles an launds o the Duchy o Brunswick-Lüneburg frae his faither an uncles. A succession o European wars expandit his German domains in his lifetime, an in 1708 he wis ratified as prince-elector o Hanover. At the age o 54, efter the daith o his seicont cuisin Queen Anne o Great Breetain, George ascendit the Breetish throne as the first monarch o the Hoose o Hanover. Awtho ower 50 Roman Catholics war closer tae Anne bi primogenitur, the Act of Settlement 1701 prohibitit Catholics frae inheritin the Breetish throne; George wis Anne's closest leevin Protestant relative. In reaction, Jacobites attemptit tae depose George an replace him wi Anne's Catholic hauf-brither, James Francis Edward Stuart, but thair attempts failed.
In George's ring, the pouers o the monarchy diminished an Breetain begoud a transeetion tae the modren seestem o cabinet govrenment led bi a prime meenister. Taewart the end o his ring, actual poleetical pouer wis held bi Robert Walpole, nou recognised as Breetain's first de facto prime meenister. George dee'd of a stroke on a trip tae his native Hanover, whaur he wis buiried.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Throughoot George's life, Great Breetain uised the Auld Style Julian calendar. Hanover adoptit the New Style Gregorian calendar on 1 Mairch 1700 (N.S.) / 19 Februar 1700 (O.S.). Auld Style is uised for dates in this airticle unless itherwise indicatit; however, years are assumed tae stairt frae 1 Januar an nae 25 Mairch, which wis the Inglis New Year.
- Lathbury, Thomas (1858). A History of the Book of Common Prayer and Other Books of Authority. Oxford: John Henry and James Parker. p. 430.
George I. remained a Lutheran as long as he lived, and had his German chaplain; but he conformed on some occasions with the Church of England. George II. was in the same position. Though Lutherans, they exercised acts of supremacy in the Church of England; and the common opinion was, that there was no opposition between the views of the two Churches