17t o August is the 229t day o the year (230t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 136 days bidin.
1424 - Hunder Years' War: An Inglis airmy defeats a French airmy in the Battle o Vernieul in Normandy.
1560 - Protestantism becomes the offeecial releegion o Scotland.
1689 - A major yirdquauk hits Anatolie in present-day Turkey.
1740 - Pape Benedict XIV is electit.
1771 - Edinburgh chemist James Robertson becomes the first-recordit person tae climb Ben Nevis, the heichest peak in Scotland an the present-day Unitit Kinrick.
1786 - Frederick William II o Proushie ascends the throne on the daith o his faither.
1942 - Warld War II: The Unitit States' first firebombin raid in Europe taks place.
1943 - Warld War II: The Allied conquest o Sicily is completit.
1945 - Sukarno declares the unthirldom o Indonesie, which is nae recognisit bi the Netherlands until 1949.
1960 - Gabon gains unthirldom frae Fraunce.
1970 - The Soviet Union's Venera 7 spacecraft is sent tae the planet Venus.
1977 - The Soviet icebreaker "Arktika" becomes the first surface-ship tae reach the North Pole.
1982 - The first CDs are released tae the public in Wast Germany.
1987 - Rudolf Hess commits suicide at Spandau Prison.
1988 - Pakistani Preses Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is kilt in a plane crash near Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
1998 - US Preses Bill Clinton admits tae an affair wi White Hoose intern Monica Lewinsky.
1999 - Izmit, Northwastren Turkey, is strack bi a magnitude 7.4 yirdquauk, killin an estimatit ower 40,000 fowk.
2002 - The River Elbe reaches its heichest-recordit level durin the Central European floods o 2002.
2008 - Soummer Michael Phelps achieves a total o 8 gowd medals at a single Olympic Gemmes.
2015 - A bomb splodes at Ratchaprasong Intersection, near Bangkok's Erawan Shrine, killin 23 fowk.
2017 - 2017 Barcelona attack: A vehicle is driven at pedestrians in Las Ramblas, Barcelona, killin 13 fowk in a terrorist attack. A later attack in the nearby toun o Cambrils results in the daiths o ane bystander an 5 attackers. 2019 - A bomb attack on a weddin pairty in Kabul, Afghanistan, kills at least 63 fowk an wounds 180; the self-proclaimed Islamic State group claim responsibility.
1629 - John III Sobieski, King o Poland an Grand Duke o Lithuanie (d. 1696)
1786 - Davy Crockett, American poleetical figur (d. 1836)
1786 - Princess Victoria o Saxe-Coburg-Saalfeld (d. 1861)
1844 - Menelik II, Emperor o Ethiopie (d. 1913)
1887 - Charles I o Austrick (d. 1922)
1887 - Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-American poleetical activist (d. 1940)
1893 - Mae West, American actress (d. 1980)
1906 - Marcelo Caetano, Portuguese politeecian (d. 1980)
1911 - Mikhail Botvinnik, Roushie chess player (d. 1995)
1913 - Mark Felt, American FBI agent (d. 2008)
1920 - Maureen O'Hara, Erse-American actress (d. 2015)
1926 - Jiang Zemin, umwhile Preses o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
1932 - V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-Breetish writer (d. 2018)
1943 - Robert De Niro, American actor
1944 - Bobby Murdoch, Scots fitbawer (d. 2001)
1951 - Sandra White, Scots politeecian
1952 - Nelson Piquet, Brazilian racin driver
1953 - Herta Müller, Romanie-German writer
1960 - Sean Penn, American actor, filmmaker an activist
1970 - Jim Courier, American tennis player
1977 - Tarja Turunen, Finnish sangster
1977 - Thierry Henry, French fitbawer
1977 - William Gallas, French fitbawer
1979 - Simon Taylor, Scots rugby union player
1982 - Phil Jagielka, Inglis fitbawer
1986 - Marcus Berg, Swadish fitbawer 1989 - Rachel Corsie, Scots fitbawer
1424 - John Stewart, Yerl o Buchan, Scots nobleman (b. 1381)
1424 - Archibald Douglas, 4t Yerl o Douglas, Scots nobleman an warlaird (b. 1372)
1786 - Frederick the Great, King o Proushie (b. 1712)
1831 - Patrick Nasmyth, Scots penter (b. 1787)
1850 - José de San Martín, Argentine statesman (b. 1778)
1868 - Duncan Forbes, Scots linguist (b. 1798)
1899 - William Simpson, Scots airtist (b. 1823)
1916 - Umberto Boccioni, Italian penter (b. 1882)
1946 - Robert Younger, Baron Blanesburgh, Scots barrister an juidge (b. 1861)
1969 - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American airchitect (b. 1886)
1969 - Otto Stern, German pheesicist (b. 1888)
1987 - Rudolf Hess, Nazi politeecian (b. 1894)
1988 - Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Preses o Pakistan (b. 1924)
2010 - Francesco Cossiga, Preses o Italy (b. 1928)
2010 - Edwin Morgan, Scots Makar (b. 1920)
2014 - Sammy Conn, Scots fitbawer (b. 1961)
2015 - Yvonne Craig, American actress (b. 1937) 2016 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian-American film director (b. 1923)
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