17t o August is the 229t day o the year (230t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 136 days bidin.
1560 - Protestantism acomes the offeecial releegion o Scotland.
1689 - A major yirdquauk hits Anatolie in present-day Turkey.
1740 - Pape Benedict XIV is electit.
1771 - Edinburgh chemist James Robertson acomes the first-recordit person tae climb Ben Nevis, the heichest peak in Scotland an the present-day Unitit Kinrick.
1942 - Warld War II: The Unitit States' first firebombin raid in Europe taks place.
1943 - Warld War II: The Allied conquest o Sicily is completit.
1945 - Sukarno declares the unthirldom o Indonesie, which is nae recognisit bi the Netherlands until 1949.
1960 - Gabon gains unthirldom frae Fraunce.
1970 - The Soviet Union's Venera 7 spacecraft is sent tae the planet Venus.
1977 - The Soviet icebreaker "Arktika" acomes the first surface-ship tae reach the North Pole.
1982 - The first CDs are released tae the public in Wast Germany.
1987 - Rudolf Hess commits suicide at Spandau Prison.
1988 - Pakistani Preses Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq is kilt in a plane crash near Bahawalpur, Punjab, Pakistan.
1998 - US Preses Bill Clinton admits tae an affair wi White Hoose intern Monica Lewinsky.
1999 - Izmit, Northwastren Turkey, is strack bi a magnitude 7.4 yirdquauk.
2002 - The River Elbe reaches its heichest-recordit level durin the Central European floods o 2002.
2008 - Soummer Michael Phelps achieves a total o 8 gowd medals at a single Olympic Gemmes.
2015 - A bomb splodes at Ratchaprasong Intersection, near Bangkok's Erawan Shrine, killin 23 fowk.
2017 - 2017 Barcelona attack: A vehicle is driven at pedestrians in Las Ramblas, Barcelona, killin 13 fowk in a terrorist attack. A later attack in the nearby toun o Cambrils results in the daiths o ane bystander an 5 attackers.
1629 - John III Sobieski, Keeng o Poland an Grand Duke o Lithuanie (d. 1696)
1786 - Davy Crockett, American poleetical figur (d. 1836)
1844 - Menelik II, Emperor o Ethiopie (d. 1913)
1887 - Charles I o Austrick (d. 1922)
1887 - Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-American poleetical activist (d. 1940)
1893 - Mae West, American actress (d. 1980)
1906 - Marcelo Caetano, Portuguese politeecian (d. 1980)
1911 - Mikhail Botvinnik, Roushie chess player (d. 1995)
1913 - Mark Felt, American FBI agent (d. 2008)
1920 - Maureen O'Hara, Erse-American actress (d. 2015)
1926 - Jiang Zemin, umwhile Preses o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
1932 - V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-Breetish writer
1943 - Robert De Niro, American actor
1952 - Nelson Piquet, Brazilian racin driver
1953 - Herta Mueller, Romanie-German writer
1960 - Sean Penn, American actor, filmmaker an activist
1970 - Jim Courier, American tennis player
1977 - Tarja Turunen, Finnish sangster
1977 - Thierry Henry, French fitbawer
1977 - William Gallas, French fitbawer
1786 - Frederick the Great, Keeng o Proushie (b. 1712)
1850 - José de San Martin, Argentine statesman (b. 1778)
1969 - Ludwig Mies van der Rohe, German-American airchitect (b. 1886)
1969 - Otto Stern, German pheesicist (b. 1888)
1987 - Rudolf Hess, Nazi politeecian (b. 1894)
1988 - Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq, Preses o Pakistan (b. 1924)
2010 - Francesco Cossiga, Preses o Italy (b. 1928)
2010 - Edwin Morgan, Scots Makar (b. 1920)
2015 - Yvonne Craig, American actress (b. 1937)
2016 - Arthur Hiller, Canadian-American film director (b. 1923)
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. 17 August