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The 4t o August is the 216t day o the year (217t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 149 days ti come.
- 1265 - Battle o Evesham: Then-Prince Edward (later Edward I o Ingland) defeats forces o rebellious barons led bi Simon de Montfort, 6t Yerl o Leicester.
- 1532 - The Duchy o Breetany is unitit tae the Kinrick o Fraunce.
- 1704 - War o the Spaingie Succession: An Inglis an Dutch fleet capturs Gibraltar.
- 1845 - Breetish emigrant ship "Cataraqui" runs agroond on King Island naur Tasmanie, killin 399 fowk, wi juist 9 survivin.
- 1854 - The Hinomaru is established as the offeecial banner tae be flown on Japanese ships.
- 1906 - The Central Railway Station in Sydney, Australie, opens.
- 1914 - Stairt o Warld War I: The Breetish Empire an Belgium declare war on Germany.
- 1944 - Jewish diarist Anne Frank an her faimily are foond at their secret annex in Amsterdam an arrested bi the Gestapo.
- 1946 - A yirdquauk hits the Dominican Republic, killin 100 fowk.
- 1947 - The Supreme Court o Japan is established.
- 1965 - The Cook Islands get self-determination in free association wi New Zealand.
- 1979 - The Cook Islands introduce a new banner.
- 1983 - Thomas Sankara taks pouer in Upper Volta.
- 1984 - Upper Volta is renamed Burkina Faso.
- 1996 - End o the 1996 Simmer Olympics in Atlanta.
- 1997 - Frenchwoman Jeanne Calment dees as the auldest-recordit person ever, at 122 year, 164 days auld.
- 2000 - Celebrations tak place in the Unitit Kinrick tae mairk the 100t birthday o Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, the Queen Mither.
- 2006 - Scots politeecian Tommy Sheridan wins his defamation case agin the News of the World newspaper.
- 2007 - Slovenie bans smokin in public places.
- 2007 - NASA's "Phoenix" spacecraft is launched.
- 2009 - Umwhile US Preses Bill Clinton traivels tae North Korea tae secure the release o twa journalists.
- 2012 - 2012 Simmer Olympics in Lunnon: "Super Saiturday" - Great Breetain wins 6 gowd medals on its maist successfu day in Olympic histerie, incluidin three in less nor an hour in the Olympic Stadium, won bi Jessica Ennis-Hill, Greg Rutherford an Mo Farah.
- 2019 - A mass shuitin in Dayton, Ohio leaves ten fowk, incluidin the shooter, deed.
- 2019 - A splosion in Cairo kills 20 fowk.
- 2020 - 2020 Beirut explosions: Twa splosions occur in the port o Beirut, Lebanon at a warehoose storin ammonium nitrate; the seicont o these kills at least 220 fowk, injures 6,000, maks up tae 300,000 hameless, hivily damages mony biggins an destroys the entire port.
- 1521 - Pape Urban VII (d. 1590)
- 1792 - Percy Bysshe Shelley, Inglis poet (d. 1822)
- 1792 - Edward Irving, Scots clergyman (d. 1834)
- 1805 - William Rowan Hamilton, Erse mathemateecian (d. 1865)
- 1859 - Knut Hamsun, Norse writer (d. 1952)
- 1870 - Harry Lauder, Scots sangster an comedian (d. 1950)
- 1900 - Nabi Tajima, Japanese supercentenarian (d. 2018)
- 1900 - Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon, Queen Mither o the Unitit Kinrick (d. 2002)
- 1901 - Louis Armstrong, American jazz trumpeter (d. 1971)
- 1912 - Raoul Wallenberg, Swadish diplomat (d. in or efter 1947)
- 1942 - David Lange, Prime meenister o New Zealand (d. 2005)
- 1952 - Moya Brennan, Erse sangster
- 1955 - Alberto Gonzales, umwhile Unitit States Attorney General
- 1955 - Billy Bob Thornton, American actor an writer
- 1957 - John Wark, Scots fitbawer
- 1960 - Bobby Connor, Scots fitbawer
- 1960 - José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero, umwhile Prime meenister o Spain
- 1961 - Pumpuang Duangjan, Thai sangster (d. 1992)
- 1961 - Barack Obama, 44t Preses o the Unitit States
- 1962 - Lori Lightfoot, American politeecian, 56t Mayor o Chicago
- 1965 - Fredrik Reinfeldt, Swadish politeecian
- 1977 - Marek Heinz, Czech fitbawer
- 1981 - Meghan, Coontess o Dumbairton, American-born actress an Breetish ryal
- 1984 - Jamie Ewings, Scots fitbawer
- 1991 - Graeme Shinnie, Scots fitbawer
- 1993 - Sam Hidalgo-Clyne, Scots rugby union player
- 1060 - Henry I o Fraunce (b. 1008)
- 1265 - Simon de Montfort, 6t Yerl o Leicester
- 1865 - William Edmondstoune Aytoun, Scots lawyer an poet (b. 1913)
- 1875 - Hans Christian Andersen, Dens author (b. 1805)
- 1922 - Enver Pasha, Turkish politeecian (b. 1891)
- 1962 - Marilyn Monroe, American actress (b. 1926)
- 1997 - Jeanne Calment, French supercentenarian, auldest recordit person ever (b. 1875)
- 2012 - Jimmy Thomson, Scots fitbawer (b. 1937)
- 2014 - James Brady, White House Press Secretar (b. 1940)
- 2017 - Chuck Hay, Scots curler (b. 1930)
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