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The 11t o August is the 223t day o the year (224t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 142 days bidin.
- 3114 BC - The Mayan Lang-Coont calendar stairts.
- 1677 - Pairt o the nou-German ceety o Rostock is destroyed bi fire.
- 1863 - Cambodie becomes a French protectorate.
- 1904 - The Battle o Waterberg in then-German Sooth-Wast Africae (present-day Namibie) results in the daiths o 30,000 Herero an Nama fowks.
- 1914 - Warld War I: Fraunce declares war on Austrick-Hungary.
- 1918 - Warld War I: The Battle o Amiens ends.
- 1919 - The Constitution o Germany's Weimar Republic is adoptit.
- 1934 - The first civilian preesoners arrive at Alcatraz prison in San Francisco Bay.
- 1947 - The Banner o Pakistan is offeecially adoptit.
- 1960 - Chad gains unthirldom frae Fraunce.
- 1961 - The umwhile Portuguese colonies o Dadra an Nagar Haveli unite wi Indie.
- 1964 - In possession o splosives, Scots anarchist Stuart Christie is arrestit in Madrid; he haed gone thair in an attempt tae assassinate General Francisco Franco.
- 1979 - A dam break in the Indie state o Gujarat kills 2,000 tae 5,000 fowk.
- 1984 - Ronald Reagan maks a microphone test wi the gaffe "We begin bombin in five minutes" wi regairds tae the Soviet Union.
- 1988 - Al-Qaeda is foondit.
- 1999 - The last solar eclipse o the 2nt Millennium occurs ower Europe, Northren Africae an Asie.
- 2014 - American actor an comedian Robin Williams commits suicide, agit 63.
- 2017 - A train crash naur Alexandria, Egyp, kills at least 41 fowk.
- 2020 - COVID-19 easin in Scotland: Scots schuils are permittit tae reopen for the first time syne 20 Mairch; on the semme day, previously doungradit exam grades are regradit.
- 2020 - Democratic Preses nominee Joe Biden chooses Kamala Harris as his runnin mate for the 2020 Unitit States presidential election.
- 1086 - Henry V, Haly Roman Emperor (d. 1125)
- 1667 - Anna Maria Luisa de' Medici (d. 1743)
- 1778 - John Christian Schetky, Scots marine penter (d. 1874)
- 1779 - David Landsborough, Scots clergyman an naituralist (d. 1854)
- 1858 - Christiaan Eijkman, Dutch medicinar (d. 1930)
- 1882 - Norman Boyd Kinnear, Scots zoologist an ornithologist (d. 1957)
- 1892 - Hugh MacDiarmid, Scots poet (d. 1978)
- 1897 - Enid Blyton, Inglis writer (d. 1968)
- 1913 - Andy Beattie, Scots fitbawer (d. 1983)
- 1926 - Aaron Klug, Lithuanie-born Breetish chemist (d. 2018)
- 1943 - Pervez Musharraf, Pakistani general an politeecian, 10t Preses o Pakistan
- 1944 - Ian McDiarmid, Scots actor
- 1949 - Ian Charleson, Scots actor (d. 1990)
- 1950 - Steve Wozniak, American computer pioneer, inventor an businessman
- 1953 - Hulk Hogan, American professional wrestler, actor, telly personality, entrepreneur an muisicker
- 1965 - Viola Davis, American actress
- 1965 - Robert Fleck, Scots fitbawer
- 1969 - Ashley Jensen, Scots actress
- 1973 - Luis Lacalle Pou, Uruguayan politeecian, Preses o Uruguay
- 1974 - Neil McCann, Scots fitbawer an manager
- 1981 - Sandi Thom, Scots sangster an sangwriter
- 1983 - Chris Hemsworth, Australie actor
- 1992 - Heuss l'Enfoiré (Karim Djeriou), French rapper
- 1332 - Thomas Randolph, 2nt Yerl o Moray, Scots militar commander
- 1870 - John Adamson, Scots medicinar, fotografer an pheesicist (b. 1809)
- 1872 - Andrew Smith, Scots surgeon, splorer, ethnologist an zoologist (b. 1797)
- 1919 - Andrew Carnegie, Scots-American industrialist an philanthropist (b. 1835)
- 1956 - Jackson Pollock, American penter (b. 1912)
- 1957 - Norman Boyd Kinnear, Scots zoologist an ornithologist (b. 1882)
- 1972 - Max Theiler, Sooth African-American virologist (b. 1899)
- 2014 - Robin Williams, American actor an comedian (b. 1951)
- 2018 - V. S. Naipaul, Trinidadian-Breetish writer (b. 1932)
- Independence Day (Chad)
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