Pervez Musharraf (Urdu: پرویز مشرف; born 11 August 1943) is a retired fower-star general an a politeecian who wis broucht tae pouer throu a militar coup d'état in 1999. He served as the tenth Preses o Pakistan frae 2001 till 2008. Prior tae that, he wis the 13t Chief o Airmy Staff frae October 1998 till November 2007, an wis an aa the tenth Chairman o the Jynt Chiefs o Staff Committee o Pakistan Airmed Forces frae 1998 till 2001. Commissioned frae the Pakistan Airmy in 1964, Musharraf rose tae naitional prominence efter bein appointit a fower-star general in October 1998 bi then-Prime Meenister Nawaz Sharif. Musharraf wis the mastermind an strategic field commander ahind the Kargil infiltration. Previously, Musharraf played a vital role in the Afghan ceevil war, baith assistin the peace negotiations an attemptin tae end the bloodshed in the kintra. Efter months o contentious relations wi Prime Meenister Sharif, Musharraf wis broucht tae pouer throu a militar coup d'état in 1999, subsequently placin the Prime meenister unner a strict hoose-arrest afore movin him tae Adiala Jail in Punjab Province.
Wi Aziz havin completit his term, an the suspension o the Chief Justice in 2007, Musharraf dramatically fell frae pouer in 2008, tenderin his resignation o the presidency efter facin potential impeachment, led bi the electit opposition parties. Musharraf then lived in self-imposed exile in Lunnon for fower years, returnin tae Pakistan on 24 Mairch 2013, in order tae participate in the upcomin general elections, despite receivin daith threats frae the Taliban. Whilst absent frae Pakistan, the kintra's courts issued reest warrants for baith Musharraf an Aziz, for thair alleged involvement in the assassination o Benazir Bhutto an Akbar Bugti. He wis disqualified frae takin pairt in the 2013 election bi Heich Court judges in Aprile 2013.