Benazir Bhutto

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Benazir Bhutto
بينظير ڀٽو
بے نظیر بھٹو
Benazir Bhutto.jpg
Prime Meenister o Pakistan
In office
19 October 1993 – 5 November 1996
PresesWasim Sajjad
Farooq Leghari
Precedit biMoeenuddin Ahmad Qureshi (Actin)
Succeedit biMalik Meraj Khalid (Actin)
In office
2 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
PresesGhulam Ishaq Khan
Precedit biMuhammad Khan Junejo
Succeedit biGhulam Mustafa Jatoi (Acting)
Leader o the Opposition
In office
5 November 1996 – 12 October 1999
Precedit biNawaz Sharif
Succeedit biFazal-ur-Rehman
In office
6 November 1990 – 18 Aprile 1993
Precedit biKhan Abdul Wali Khan
Succeedit biNawaz Sharif
Meenister o Finance
In office
26 Januar 1994 – 10 October 1996
Precedit biBabar Ali (Actin)
Succeedit biNaveed Qamar
In office
4 December 1988 – 6 December 1990
Prime MeenisterGhulam Mustafa Jatoi (Actin)
Nawaz Sharif
Precedit biMahbub ul Haq (Acting)
Succeedit biSartaj Aziz
Meenister o Defence
In office
4 December 1988 – 6 August 1990
Precedit biMahmoud Haroon (Acting)
Succeedit biGhous Ali Shah
Chairperson o the Pakistan Fowks Pairty
In office
12 November 1982 – 27 December 2007
Actin till 10 Januar 1984
Precedit biNusrat Bhutto
Succeedit biAsif Ali Zardari
Bilawal Zardari Bhutto
Personal details
Born21 Juin 1953(1953-06-21)
Karachi, Pakistan
Dee'd27 December 2007(2007-12-27) (aged 54)
Rawalpindi, Pakistan
Poleetical pairtyPakistan Fowks Pairty
Spoose(s)Asif Ali Zardari (1987–2007)
RelationsZulfiqar Ali Bhutto (faither)
Nusrat Bhutto (mither)
Murtaza Bhutto (brother)
Shahnawaz Bhutto (brother)
Sanam Bhutto (sister)
BairnsBilawal
Bakhtawar
Asifa
Alma materHarvard Varsity
Lady Margaret Hall, Oxford
St Catherine's College, Oxford
Karachi Grammar Schuil
ReligionIslam
Signatur
WabsteidOfficial website

Benazir Bhutto (Sindhi: بينظير ڀٽو‎; Urdu: بے نظیر بھٹو‎, pronounced [beːnəˈziːr ˈbʱʊʈʈoː]; 21 Juin 1953 – 27 December 2007) wis a politeecian an stateswoman who served as the 11t Prime meenister o Pakistan in twa non-consecutive terms frae November 1988 till October 1990, an 1993 until her final dismissal on November 1996. She wis the eldest dauchter o Zulfikar Ali Bhutto, an umwhile prime meenister o Pakistan an the foonder o the Pakistan Fowk's Pairty (PPP), which she led.

In 1982, at age 29, Benazir Bhutto acame the chairwoman o PPP – a centre-left, democratic socialist poleetical party, makin her the first woman in Pakistan tae heid a major poleetical pairty. In 1988, she acame the first woman electit tae lead a Muslim state[1] an wis an aa Pakistan's first (an sicweys far, anly) female prime meenister. Notit for her charismatic authority[2] an poleetical astuteness, Benazir Bhutto drove initiatives for Pakistan's economy an naitional security, an she implemented social capitalist policies for industrial development an growthe. In addition, her poleetical philosophy an economic policies emphasised deregulation (parteecularly o the financial sector), flexible labour markets, the denationalisation o state-awned corporations, an the widrawal o subsidies tae ethers. Benazir Bhutto's popularity waned amid recession, corruption, an heich unemployment which later led tae the dismissal o her govrenment bi conservative Preses Ghulam Ishaq Khan.

In 1993, Benazir Bhutto wis re-electit for a seicont term efter the 1993 parliamentary elections. She survived an attemptit coup d'état in 1995, an her haurd line against the tred unions an tough rhetorical opposition tae her domestic poleetical rivals an tae neighbourin Indie earned her the nickname "Iron Lady";[3] she wis an aa respectfully referred tae as "B.B." In 1996, the charges o corruption levelled against her led tae the final dismissal o her govrenment bi Preses Farooq Leghari. Benazir Bhutto concedit her defeat in the 1997 Parliamentary elections an went intae self-imposed exile in Dubai, Unitit Arab Emirates in 1998.

Efter nine years o self-exile, she returned tae Pakistan on 18 October 2007, efter havin reached an unnerstaundin wi Preses Pervez Musharraf, bi whom she wis grantit amnesty an aw corruption charges wur withdrawn. Benazir Bhutto wis assassinatit in a bombin on 27 December 2007, efter leavin PPP's last rally in the ceety o Rawalpindi, twa weeks afore the scheduled 2008 general election in which she wis a leadin opposition candidate. The followin year, she wis named ane o seiven winners o the Unitit Nations Prize in the Field o Human Richts.[4]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Benazir Bhutto: Daughter of Tragedy" by Muhammad Najeeb, Hasan Zaidi, Saurabh Shulka and S. Prasannarajan, India Today, 7 January 2008
  2. Yusuf, Huma. "0 Coming of age in the Benazir Bhutto era". 18 January 2011 by Huma Yusuf. first appeared in The Boston Globe on 28 December 2007. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  3. Ranjha, Khalid. "Altaf accuses Benazir of 'racism'". 01 June 1995. DawnWireService, 1 June 1995. Retrieved 18 November 2011. 
  4. "Benazir Bhutto named among seven winners of UN human rights prize". UN. Retrieved 24 June 2010.