Template:Infobox sulphur

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Sulfur, 16S
Template:Infobox element/symbol-to-top-image/alt
Sulfur
Appearancelemon yellae sintered microcrystals
Standard atomic weight Ar, std(S)[32.05932.076] conventional: 32.06
Sulfur in the periodic cairt
Hydrogen Helium
Lithium Beryllium Boron Carbon Nitrogen Oxygen Fluorine Neon
Sodium Magnesium Aluminium Silicon Phosphorus Sulfur Chlorine Argon
Potassium Calcium Scandium Titanium Vanadium Chromium Manganese Airn Cobalt Nickel Capper Zinc Gallium Germanium Arsenic Selenium Bromine Krypton
Rubidium Strontium Yttrium Zirconium Niobium Molybdenum Technetium Ruthenium Rhodium Palladium Siller (element) Cadmium Indium Tin Antimony Tellurium Iodine Xenon
Caesium Barium Lanthanum Cerium Praseodymium Neodymium Promethium Samarium Europium Gadolinium Terbium Dysprosium Holmium Erbium Thulium Ytterbium Lutetium Hafnium Tantalum Tungsten Rhenium Osmium Iridium Platinum Gowd Mercur (element) Thallium Leid (element) Bismuth Polonium Astatine Radon
Francium Radium Actinium Thorium Protactinium Uranium Neptunium Plutonium Americium Curium Berkelium Californium Einsteinium Fermium Mendelevium Nobelium Lawrencium Rutherfordium Dubnium Seaborgium Bohrium Hassium Meitnerium Darmstadtium Roentgenium Copernicium Ununtrium Flerovium Ununpentium Livermorium Ununseptium Ununoctium
O

S

Se
phosphorussulfurchlorine
Atomic nummer (Z)16
Groupgroup 16 (chalcogens)
Periodperiod 3
Blockp-block
Element category  Reactive nonmetal
Electron confeeguration[Ne] 3s2 3p4
Electrons per shell2, 8, 6
Pheesical properties
Phase at STPsolit
Meltin pynt388.36 K ​(115.21 °C, ​239.38 °F)
Bylin pynt717.8 K ​(444.6 °C, ​832.3 °F)
Density (near r.t.)(alpha) 2.07 g/cm3
(beta) 1.96 g/cm3
(gamma) 1.92 g/cm3
when liquid (at m.p.)1.819 g/cm3
Creetical pynt1314 K, 20.7 MPa
Heat o fusion(mono) 1.727 kJ/mol
Heat o vapourisation(mono) 45 kJ/mol
Molar heat capacity22.75 J/(mol·K)
Vapour pressur
P (Pa) 1 10 100 1 k 10 k 100 k
at T (K) 375 408 449 508 591 717
Atomic properties
Oxidation states−2, −1, 0, +1, +2, +3, +4, +5, +6 strangly acidic
ElectronegativityPauling scale: 2.58
Ionisation energies
Covalent radius105±3 pm
Van der Waals radius180 pm
Colour lines in a spectral range
Spectral lines o sulfur
Ither properties
Naitural occurrenceprimordial
Creestal structurorthorhombic
Orthorhombic creestal structur for sulfur
Thermal conductivity(amorphous)
0.205 W/(m·K)
Electrical resistivity(amorphous)
2×1015  Ω·m (at 20 °C)
Magnetic orderindiamagnetic[1]
Bulk modulus7.7 GPa
Mohs haurdness2.0
CAS Nummer7704-34-9
History
DiskiveryCheenese[2] (Before 2000BC)
Recognized as an element biAntoine Lavoisier (1777)
Main isotopes o sulfur
Iso­tope Abun­dance Hauf-life (t1/2) Decay mode Pro­duct
32S 95.02% stable
33S 0.75% stable
34S 4.21% stable
35S syn 87.32 d β 35Cl
36S 0.02% stable
| references
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 115.21
K 388.36 388.36 0
F 239.38 239.38 0
WD Edit this at Wikidata
input C: 115.21, K: 388.36, F: 239.38
comment
style="text-align:left"|
in calc from C diff report ref
C 444.6
K 717.8 717.8 0
F 832.3 832.3 0
WD Edit this at Wikidata
input C: 444.6, K: 717.8, F: 832.3
comment

References

Thir references will appear in the airticle, but this list appears anerly on this page.
  1. Magnetic susceptibility of the elements and inorganic compounds, in Handbook of Chemistry and Physics (PDF). CRC press. 2000. ISBN 0849304814.
  2. "Sulfur History". Georgiagulfsulfur.com. Retrieved 2008-09-12.