|Municipality o Kadıköy|
|• Mayor||Selami Öztürk (CHP)|
|• Destrict||40.21 km2 (15.53 sq mi)|
|• District Density||13,000/km2 (34,000/sq mi)|
Kadıköy (Turkis pronunciation: [kaˈdɯkøj]; auncient an Byzantine Chalcedon, Χαλκηδών in Greek) is a lairge, populous, an cosmopolitan destrict o Istanbul, Turkey on the northren shore o the Sea o Marmara, facin the historic ceety centre on the European side o the Bosporus. Kadıköy is the name o the maist prominent neebourheid o the destrict an aw, a residential an commercial aurie that, wi its numerous bars, cinemas an beukshops, is the cultural centre o the Anatolie side o Istanbul. Kadıköy became a destrict in 1928 when it wis separatit frae Üsküdar destrict. The neebourheids o İçerenköy, Bostancı an Suadiye wur separatit frae the destrict o Kartal in the same year an aw, an eventually joined the newly formit destrict o Kadıköy. Its neebourin destricts are Üsküdar tae the northwest, Ataşehir tae the northeast, Maltepe tae the sootheast, an Kartal ayont Maltepe. The population o Kadıköy destrict, accordin tae the 2007 census, is 509,282.
Table o contents
- 1 History
- 2 Modren life
- 3 Surroondin residential auries
- 4 Airchitectur
- 5 Sport
- 6 Releegion
- 7 Internaitional relations
- 8 See an aw
- 9 References
- 10 Freemit airtins
History[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Main airticle: Chalcedon
Kadıköy is an aulder dounset than maist o those on the Asie side o the ceety o İstanbul. Relics datin tae 5500-3500 BC (Chalcolithic period) hae been foond at the Fikirtepe Moond, an airticles o stane, bone, ceramic, jewelry an bronze show that thare haes been a continuous dounset syne prehistoric times. A port dounset datin frae the Phoenicies haes been discovered an aw. Chalcedon wis the first dounset which the Greeks frae Megara establisht on the Bosphorus, in 685 BC, a few years afore they establisht Byzantium on the ither side o the strait in 667 BC. Chalcedon became kent as the 'ceety o the blind', the story bein that Byzantium wis foondit follaein a prophecy that a great caipital wad be built 'opposite the ceety o the blind' (meaning that the fowk o Chalcedon must hae been blind no tae see the obvious value o the peninsula on the Golden Horn as a natural defensive harbour). Chalcedon chyngit haunds time an time again, as Persies, Bithynies, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Crusaders, an Turks passed throu the aurie, which wis badly damagit durin the Fowert Crusade an came intae Ottoman haunds in 1353, a full century afore Constantinople. Thus, Kadıköy haes the oldest mosque in İstanbul, built amaist a century afore the conquest o Constantinople in 1453.
At the time o the conquest, Chalcedon wis a landwart dounset ootside the protection o the ceety. It wis suin put unner the jurisdiction o the Constantinople courts, hence the name Kadıköy, which means Veelage o the Judge. In the Ottoman period, Kadıköy became a popular mercat for agricultural guids an in time developit intae a residential aurie for fowk who wad commute tae the ceety bi boat. The population wis the teepical Ottoman Constantinople mix o Armenies, Greeks, Jews an Turks. Kadıköy haes several churches (Greek, Armenie, Serbie, Catholic, Protestant) an synagogues.
Modren life[eedit | eedit soorce]
Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]
The major Haydarpaşa Terminal o the Turkish State Railways is locatit close to Kadıköy's center, servin east- an sooth-boond internaitional, domestic an regional trains. Haydarpaşa Terminal wis opened in 1908 as the terminus o the İstanbul-Baghdad and İstanbul-Damascus-Medina railweys. This, alang wi the nearbi Harem Bus Terminal, haes services tae Anatolie.
The Söğütlüçeşme railwey station, the next station tae Haydarpaşa Terminal, is locatit in Kadıköy an aw. The terminus o the Metrobus line tae European side o Istanbul is situatit next tae the railwey station.
The centre o Kadıköy the day is the transportation hub for fowk commutin atween the Asie side o the ceety an the European side athort the Bosphorus. Thare is a lairge bus an minibus terminal next tae the ferry docks. Ferries are the maist dominantly visible form of transport in Kadıköy, an the central mercat aurie is adjacent tae the ferry dock.
Public transportation wi terminus in Kadıköy:
- 4 Kadıköy-Bostancı ring (via Bağdat Avenue)
- 8A West Ataşehir (via Fikirtepe)
- 10B Bostancı
- 10M Ümraniye
- 14 Yenidoğan
- 14B Birlik Mahallesi
- 14C Üsküdar State Hospital
- 14ÇK Şahinbey
- 14S Sultanbeyli
- 15 Siteler
- 15BK Beykoz
- 16 Pendik (via Bağdat Avenue)
- 16D Kaynarca
- 19F Yeditepe University
- 19K Kayışdağı Mahallesi
- 19M Ataşehir via Ataşehir Boulevard.
- 20D Dudullu Barem
- 20K Kazım Karabekir
- 20Ü Tepeüstü (Ümraniye)
- 21A Kartal
- 21U Uğur Mumcu
- 130 Deniz Harp Okulu
- 222 Pendik (via Bağdat Avenue)
- E-10 Sabiha Gökçen Airport
- ER1 Ring Erenköy (passes throu Bağdat Avenue)
- ER2 Ring Erenköy (passes throu Bağdat Avenue)
- FB1 Ring Fenerbahçe (passes throu wast point o Bağdat Avenue)
- FB2 Ring Fenerbahçe (passes throu wast point o Bağdat Avenue)
- GZ1 Ring Göztepe (passes throu Bağdat Avenue)
- GZ2 Ring Göztepe (passes throu Bağdat Avenue)
Tae European side,
- T3 (Ring) Mühürdar-Bahariye-Moda (in centrum)
Politics[eedit | eedit soorce]
The centre-left Republican Fowkpairty (CHP) is uisually successful in Kadıköy in baith local an naitional elections, in contrast tae Kadıköy's neebourin destrict, the conservative Üsküdar. Syne the mid-1990s the mayor haes been Selami Öztürk o the CHP. Öztürk is aften creditit wi the recent growthe in the nummer o shoppin an leisur auries around Kadıköy, especially since the pedestrianisation of Bahariye Street, which many say haes become the Anatolian equivalent o İstiklal Avenue in Beyoğlu on the European side, includin its nostalgic trams.
Education[eedit | eedit soorce]
Marmara Varsity haes maist o its biggins in Kadıköy, includin the lairge an elegant Haydarpaşa Campus, while the lairgest private varsity in İstanbul, Yeditepe Varsity, is locatit on the hill namit "Kayışdağı" at the eastmaist edge o the burgh. A new state varsity, Istanbul Medeniyet Varsity, opened in 2010. It haes its main biggin in Göztepe, Merdivenköy, an haes begun tae develop campuses in baith Kadıköy an Üsküdar. The campuses are dividit bi the D-100 Heich-gate. Each hae a metro station close bi.
Anither private institution for heicher education, the Doğuş Varsity, is situatit in the Acıbadem neeborheid o Kadiköy.
Shoppin[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kadıköy is a busy shoppin destrict, wi a wide variety o atmospheres an airchitectural styles. The streets are variet, some bein narrae alleyweys an ithers, such as Bahariye Caddesi, bein pedestrian zones. Turkey's biggest fuid mercat is thare, stairtin next tae the Osman Ağa Mosque, an haes an immense turnower o fresh fuids an ither products frae aw aroond Turkey, includin a wide range o fresh fish an seafuid, olive ile soap, an so on. Thare are modren shopping centres an aw, maist notably the lairge Tepe Nautilus Shoppin Maw ahint the centre o Kadıköy, an pavements croudit wi street vendors sellin socks, piratit copies o popular novels, an ither products. In the streets ahint the main post office, thare is a lairge nummer o well-kent beukshops sellin baith new an seicont-haund beuks, craft-shops an pictur-framers, an a nummer o shops sellin muisic CDs an related ephemera such as film posters an t-shirts. Hard rock an hivy metal muisic is sauld in the arcade namit Akmar Pasajı, whaur associatit items are sauld an aw. On Sundays this aurie becomes a lairge seicont-haund beuk an muisic street mercat. Bein a croudit shoppin destrict, Kadıköy haes mony buskers, shoe shine boys, glue sniffers an schuilchilder in the streets sellin flouers, chewin gum an packets o tissues.
At the top o the shoppin destrict thare is an intersection, wi a statue o a bull, cried Altıyol (Sax Weys), whaur a road leads tae the civic biggins an a huge street mercat cried Salı Pazarı (Tuesday Mercat). The wirkin-class residential destricts o Hasanpaşa an Fikirtepe are locatit ahint the civic biggins.
Hoosin[eedit | eedit soorce]
Thare is a lot o residential property in the centre o Kadıköy, maistly somewha dilapidatit the day, but thare are still quiet suburban streets. The aurie is hame tae mony students as well as a smaw nummer o foreign residents.
Attractions[eedit | eedit soorce]
Türkbalon is a helium balloon moored on Kadıköy Quay in the centrum, takkin passengers durin season for a fee up tae an altitude o 200 m, afferin a panoramic view o the aurie an the historic centre o İstanbul athort the Bosphorus.
İstanbul Toy Museum in Göztepe haes on display 4,000 toys an miniaturs, frae Turkey an abroad; mony o the exhibits are antiques, some o which date back nearly 200 years. The first floor o the museum is actually the steid o the Eyüp Toy Shop, a famous toy shop that haed closed doun in the 1950s.
Entertainment an eatin[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kadıköy haes mony narrae streets filled wi cafés, bars an restaurants, as well as mony cinemas. Süreyya Opera Hoose is a recent redevelopment o the same namit historic movie theatre.
The mercat aurie is maistly closed tae traffec an contains a wide variety o fast fuid restaurants servin toastit sandwiches, hamburgers an döner. Thare are tradeetional Turkis restaurants an patisseries an aw, brig schuils, wine hooses, bars wi jazz, fowk an rock muisic, as well as wirkin class tea an backgammon hooses.
Ahint the centre lees a lairge shoppin an residential destrict windin uphill tae the Bahariye Caddesi pedestrian zone. This aurie wis transformit durin the economic boom o the 1990s and mony new bars an shops wur opened.
Kadıköy's entertainment is generally no o the affluent teep. It haes a mair wirkin class ambiance; tharefore, it is easier tae fynd fuid o the like o kebab an free'd mussels than haute cuisine, awtho ane o Istanbul's maist tradeetional Turkis cuisine representatives, Yanyalı Fehmi Lokantası an the foreign tourist attractin Çiya is foond here. An aw auldest candy, chocolate, Turkis delicht makers o Istanbul; Baylan an Hacı Bekir are locatit in Kadıköy.
Kadıköy does no hae as hintle nichtlife as Beyoğlu (whaur nichtlife continues hintle later intae the nicht), nor does it hae Nişantaşı's style o shoppin or the Bosphorus for nichtlife. Insteid, it is aften considered a modest alternative but mey still be regardit as vibrant.
Surroondin residential auries[eedit | eedit soorce]
Coastal auries[eedit | eedit soorce]
Alang the coast, awa frae the centre o Kadıköy, thare are mony expensive shops an the aurie becomes mair upmarket in neighbourhoods such as Moda an Fenerbahçe, which are attractive, lang-establisht residential auries. These baith lee athin the boonds o the burgh o Kadıköy, an hae mony restaurants, cafés an bars bi the sea. Thare is a path here alang the sea-front frae Kadıköy; the tram tae Moda caws here.
Moda is an auld, quiet, cosmopolitan Istanbul neebourheid, but is beginnin tae experience economic an aesthetic problems, wi thare bein a lack o caur pairkin an some run-doun shops an ither biggins. As elsewhaur in İstanbul, mony historic houses hae been demolisht an replacit wi apairtment biggins; housomeivver, Moda is generally considered ane o the mair pleasant residential destricts in the ceety. Thare are numerous kirks in Moda wi active congregations, an well-kent schuils, such as the Lycée Saint-Joseph an Kadıköy Anadolu Lisesi. Thare is a smaw, attractive theatre in Moda named Oyun Atölyesi, foondit bi the umwhile (BBC soap opera) EastEnders actor Haluk Bilginer.
Anither smairt new destrict is Acıbadem. This aurie haes ane o the best-kent private hospitals in the ceety an a lang avenue o smairt cafés, restaurants an ice cream parlours.
Beyond this area, the huge stadium o Fenerbahçe Fitbaa Club dominates the skyline. Frae here, the lang shoppin street namit Bağdat Caddesi (Baghdad Avenue) heids east an there are mony affluent neebourheids atween the avenue an the coast. Till the 1950s these auries, such as Kalamış, Göztepe, Caddebostan, Bağdad Avenue, Erenköy, an Suadiye, wur full o simmer hooses an mansions for the ceety's walthy upper middle class. Since the Bosphorus Brig wis built, it has become easier tae commute frae here tae the European side o İstanbul, an maist o these simmer hooses hae been demolisht an replacit wi modren apairtment biggins; housomeivver, these destricts mony still be considered amang the maist bonnie residential auries o the ceety. The coast here haes a lang stretch o seaside pairks an yacht marinas, an the streets ahint the coast in auries such as Caddebostan are lined wi numerous bars an cafés.
Frae Bostancı onwards the economic level progressively lessens, so thare are mair retired an wirkin-class residents here. Thare are nae mair villas, exceptin some on the coast at Dragos, an the apairtment biggins are narraeer an less widely spacit. Bostancı itsel is a busy shoppin destrict built aroond a railwey station.
Inland auries[eedit | eedit soorce]
Inland frae the coast thare is a great deal o hoosin development: some o this haes little infrastructur, while maist is mair expensive, especially in auries such as Kozyatağı an İçerenköy. These destricts hoose mony o İstanbul's upper-middle class residents. These neighbourhoods are mainly built aroond wide avenues an tree-lined streets, wi fower tae sax-storey apairtment biggins that hae sizable gardens an caur-pairkin aroond thaim. Especially in Kozyatağı, thare are auld Ottoman hooses nearly in ivery hooses' garden (Each hoose or apairtment haes a big garden wi pairkin lots an arbours while these gardens uised tae be the auld hoose's). Kozyatağı, Suadiye and Kazasker uised tae be ane o the maist popular simmer auries for walthy İstanbul residents. The day, Kozyatağı haes tree-lined streets, especially magnolia, linden an fruit trees such as medlar trees, plum trees, cherry, mulberry an quince trees, lots o lairge greenfields, pairks, childer pairks. These auries, Suadiye, Bağdat Caddesi, Kalamış, Kozyatağı, Fenerbahçe hae the day, upper-middle or upper class residents. Thare are mony schuils, hospitals, shops an restaurants in these auries. Thare is a lairge Carrefour an Bauhaus store on the E5 heich-gate in this pairt o Kadıköy an aw.
In the late 1990s, new luxury hoosin developments such as Ataşehir began tae be constructit in the previously undevelopit aurie north o the E5 heich-gate. These hae their awn shops, private colleges, sports centres an ither facilities. Ataşehir separatit frae Kadıköy in 2009 elections.
Airchitectur[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kadıköy haes mony hooses frae the Ottoman an some frae Roman period which are hidden in its side streets. Some o thaim hae been turned intae cafés, pubs an restaurants, pairticularly servin seafuid an rest o thaim waitin for restoration.
Yeldeğirmeni is an important neebourheid in terms o airchitectur.
Sport[eedit | eedit soorce]
The destrict is hame tae the Turkis fitbaa club Fenerbahçe SK's hame venue, the Şükrü Saracoğlu Stadium. Follaein important victories, aw neebourheids o Kadıköy are croudit with celebratin fowk. The stadium hostit the 2009 UEFA Cup Final. The aurie haes a rugby union team an aw, Kadıköy Rugby, which wis the first offeecial rugby club in Turkey.
The multi-purpose arena o Caferağa Sport Hall, locatit in the centre o Kadıköy's shoppin destrict, is hame tae the basketbaa teams o Alpella (men team) an Fenerbahçe İstanbul (weemen team), volleybaa teams (Fenerbahçe Men's Volleybaa an Fenerbahçe Weemen's Volleybaa).
Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kadıköy haes been aye a place wi population belangin tae the three main releegions, Islam, Christianity an Judaism. Thare are still mony examples o mosques, Greek or Armenie churches, an synagogues. As wi the rest o İstanbul, the commonty haes mony mosques. The ceety is the see o the Metropolis o Chalcedon, ane o the fower remainin metropolises o the Ecumenical Patriarchate o Constantinople in Turkey the day.
Hemdat Israel Synagogue, situatit in Yeldeğirmeni neebourheid close tae Haydarpaşa Terminal, is ane o the auldest Jewish hooses o prayer in İstanbul.
Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]
Twin touns – Sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]
Kadıköy is twinned wi:
See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- "İETT Otobüs Seferleri - Ulaşım" (in Turkish). İstanbul. Retrieved 23012-02-05.
- "Twinnings". Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25.
Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Kadıköy.|