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Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
1200 BC–539 BC
Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
  • Byblos (1200 BC–1000 BC)
  • Tyre (1000 BC–333 BC)

Coordinates: 34°07′N 35°39′E / 34.117°N 35.650°E / 34.117; 35.650
Common leidsPhoenician, Punic
Canaanite releegion
GovrenmentKingship (Ceety-states)
Well-known keengs o Phoenician ceeties 
• c. 1000 BC
• 969 BC – 936 BC
Hiram I
• 820 BC – 774 BC
Pygmalion o Tyre
Historical eraClassical antiquity
• Established
1200 BC
• Tyre, unner the reign o Hiram I, becomes the dominant ceety-state
969 BC
• Pygmalion foonds Carthage (legendary)
814 BC
• Cyrus the Great conquers Phoenicie
539 BC
• 1200 BC[1]
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Achaemenid Phoenicie
Auncient Carthage
The day pairt o

Phoenicie (frae the Greek: Φοινίκη, romanised: Foiníki, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية‎, Finiqyah) wis an auncient Semitic civilisation situate on the wastern coastal pairt o the Fertile Crescent, centred on the coastline o modren Lebanon an the Tartus Territory in Syrie. Aw major Phoenician ceeties wis on the coastlines of the Mediterranean, some colonies reakin the Wastern Mediterranean coastlines. It wis an enterprisin maritime traditional culture that spread aw alang the Mediterranean sea frae 1550 BC till 300 BC. The Phoenicians uised the galley, a man-pouert sailin vesseln an wis likely the first tae uise the bireme.[2] They were famous in Classical Greece an forby Rome, as "traders in purpie", referrin tae thair monopoly on the precious purpie dye o the Murex snail, uised, amang ither things, fur dyeing claes. Thay were forby kent fur thair spread o the alphabet (or abjad), frae whilk awmaist aw modren phonetic alphabets is derived.


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  1. "Phoenicia". The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2001. p. 1. Archived frae the original on 28 Juin 2008. Retrieved 11 December 2008. The Rise of Sidon
  2. Casson, Lionel (1 December 1995). Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-8018-5130-8.