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1200 BC–539 BC
Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
Cairt o Phoenicia an trade routes
  • Byblos (1200 BC–1000 BC)
  • Tyre (1000 BC–333 BC)
Common leids Phoenician, Punic
Releegion Canaanite releegion
Govrenment Kingship (Ceety-states)
Well-known keengs o Phoenician ceeties  
• c. 1000 BC
• 969 BC – 936 BC
Hiram I
• 820 BC – 774 BC
Pygmalion o Tyre
Historical era Classical antiquity
• Established
1200 BC
• Tyre, unner the reign o Hiram I, acomes the dominant ceety-state
969 BC
• Pygmalion foonds Carthage (legendary)
814 BC
• Cyrus the Great conquers Phoenicie
539 BC
• 1200 BC[1]
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Achaemenid Phoenicie
Auncient Carthage
The day pairt o

Phoenicie (UK /fˈnɪʃə/ or US /fəˈnʃə/;[2] frae the Greek: Φοινίκη, Phoiníkē; Arabic: فينيقية‎, Finiqyah) wis an auncient Semitic ceevilization situatit on the wastren, coastal pairt o the Fertile Crescent an centred on the coastline o modren Lebanon an Tartus Governorate in Sirie. Aw major Phoenician ceeties wur on the coastline o the Mediterranean, some colonies reachin the Wastren Mediterranean. It wis an enterprisin maritime tradin cultur that spread athort the Mediterranean frae 1550 BC tae 300 BC. The Phoenicians uised the gailey, a man-pouered sailin vessel, an are creditit wi the invention o the bireme.[3] Thay wur famed in Classical Greece an Roum as 'traders in purpie', referrin tae thair monopoly on the precious purpie dye o the Murex snail, uised, amang ither things, for ryal clothin, an for thair spread o the alphabet (or abjad), frae which almaist aw modren phonetic alphabets are derived.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Phoenicia". The Encyclopedia of World History, Sixth edition. Houghton Mifflin Company. 2001. p. 1. Retrieved 2008-12-11.  |first1= missin |last1= in Authors list (help)
  2. Oxford English Dictionary
  3. Casson, Lionel (December 1, 1995). Ships and Seamanship in the Ancient World. The Johns Hopkins University Press. pp. 57–58. ISBN 978-0-8018-5130-8.