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Gaziantep Province

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Gaziantep Province

Gaziantep ili
Location of Gaziantep Province in Turkey
Location of Gaziantep Province in Turkey
RegionSootheastren Anatolie
 • Electoral destrictGaziantep
 • Tot6,000 km2 (2,000 sq mi)
 • Tot1,974,244
 • Density330/km2 (850/sq mi)
Area code(s)0342
Vehicle registration27

Gaziantep Province (Turkis: Gaziantep ili) is a province in sooth-central Turkey. Its caipital is the ceety o Gaziantep which haed a population o 853,513 as o 2000. Its neighbours are Adıyaman tae the north, Şanlıurfa tae the east, Sirie an Kilis at sooth, Hatay at soothwast, Osmaniye tae the wast an Kahramanmaraş tae the northwast.

An important tradin centre syne auncient times, the province is an aa ane o Turkey's major manufacturin zones, an its agricultur is dominatit bi the growin o pistachio nuts.

In auncient times, first the Hittites an later the Assyrians controlled the region. It saw hintle fechtin durin the Crusades, an Saladin wan a key battle thare in 1183. Efter Warld War I an Ottoman Empire's disintegration, it wis invadit bi the forces o the French Third Republic durin the Turkis War o Unthirldom. It wis returned tae Turkis control efter the Treaty o Lausanne wis signed, formally endin hostilities atween Turkey an the Allies o Warld War I.

Oreeginally kent as Antep, the title gazi (meanin veteran in Turkis) wis addit tae the province's an the provincial caipital's name in 1921, due tae its population's extraordinary courage durin the Turkis War o Unthirldom.

Kilis Province wis ance pairt o the Gaziantep Province.

Geology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twa major active geological faults meet in wastren Gaziantep near the mairch wi adjoinin Adana Province: the Deid Sea Transform an the East Anatolian Fault. Thir represent the tectonic boundary atween the northward-muivin Arabian Plate tae the east, an the convergin African an Eurasian Plates tae the wast.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Gaziantep is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

A view frae Gaziantep castle

Gaziantep province is dividit intae 9 destricts (destricts o the ceety Gaziantep in bauld):

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 37°02′26″N 37°18′25″E / 37.04056°N 37.30694°E / 37.04056; 37.30694