Ardahan Province

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Ardahan Province

Ardahan ili
Location of Ardahan Province in Turkey
Location of Ardahan Province in Turkey
RegionEastren Anatolie
 • Electoral destrictArdahan
 • Tot5,661 km2 (2,186 sq mi)
 • Tot98,335
 • Density17/km2 (45/sq mi)
Area code(s)0478
Vehicle registration75

Ardahan Province (Turkis: Ardahan ili) is a province in the north-east o Turkey, at the vera end o the kintra, whaur Turkey borders wi Georgie. The provincial caipital is the ceety o Ardahan.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

This is attractive open kintraside which spends mony months o the year unner snaw. At this altitude temperatures on average reach -20 °C an can drop belaw freezin aw year roond, includin simmer months.

The local economy depends on fermin an raisin livestock. Till 1993 Ardahan wis a destrict o the province o Kars, becomin a province in its awn right haes meant mair investment in infrastructur.

There are twa crossin points intae the Samtskhe-Javakheti destrict o Georgie, ane at Posof an the ither (currently closed) at Çıldır. The Turkis military hae a strang presence in this border destrict, anither boost tae the local economy.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ardahan is an impoverished aurie that syne the 1950s haes seen a muckle number o its fowk migrate tae ither pairts o Turkey or abroad. The population declined frae 170,000 fowk in 1990 tae 119,000 in 2000. The population is 105,454 as o 2010. Ethnic groups in the region include, Turks, Georgies, Kipchaks, Turkmen, Karapapaks an Azeris.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

In 680 BC Scythians came athort the Caucasus frae the north an captured this aurie frae the Urartu Keengs that ruled frae their caipital on the shores o Lake Van tae the sooth. The Scythians wur replacit bi Persies an then in 330 BC Alexander the Great came through wi his airmies. Ethnic Georgies populatit the aurie, an in atween conquests, it wis a province o a Georgie Kinrick efter whose pairitition in the 1490s the aurie passed tae the atabegs o Samtskhe based in Akhaltsikhe till it wis taken ower bi the Ottoman Empire in 1578.

In 1878, efter the Russo-Turkis War (1877–1878), the region wis includit intae the Roushie Empire, an till 1918 wis kent as Kars Oblast. Pairt o the Democratic Republic o Georgie frae 1918 tae 1921, Ardahan wis reclaimit bi Turkey unner the Treaty o Kars in 1921.

The construction o the Baku–Tbilisi–Ceyhan pipeline gave the local economy a brief boost frae 2000 onwards.

Destricts[eedit | eedit soorce]

Ardahan province is dividit intae 6 destricts (caipital destrict in bauld):

Ceeties an touns[eedit | eedit soorce]

Places o interest[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • There are a number o medieval castles in the destrict includin Ardahan Castle itsel.
  • At a certain time o the year Damal muntain throws a shadae that is a vera lifelike silhouette o Atatürk. See.[2]
  • Lake Çıldır

See an aw[eedit | eedit soorce]

Coordinates: 41°06′47″N 42°49′15″E / 41.11306°N 42.82083°E / 41.11306; 42.82083

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Turkish Statistical Institute, MS Excel document – Population of province/district centers and towns/villages and population growth rate by provinces
  2. :T.C.Damal Kaymakamliği.: Archived 2008-11-12 at the Wayback Machine