The province is important acause o its reserves an production o ile which wis stairtit in the 1940s. There is a 494-km lang ile pipeline frae Batman tae the Turkis port o İskenderun. Cotton is the main agricultural product. A railway line connects Batman wi the nearbi provinces o Diyarbakır an Elazığ an wi the caipital Istanbul. The Batman River flows though the aurie. Batman(Kurdish: Êlih, Arabic: باتمان Bātmān ) wi 246,700 inhabitants, is the provincial caipital. The province is an aw o interest frae an aircheological point o view. Sichts include the Imam Abdullah Dervish monastery, Malabadi Brig an the brigs o Camiü‘r Rızk an Hasankeyf.
The province occupees an aurie o 4,649 km² (4,659 accordin tae ither source) an is dividit intae sax destricts: Batman (caipital, population 324,402 in 2008), Beşiri (32,282), Gercüş (26,111), Hasankeyf (7,412), Kozluk (62,114) an Sason (33,295). There are 270 veelages in the province.