Çatalca

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Çatalca
destrict
Location o Çatalca in Istanbul
Location o Çatalca in Istanbul
Çatalca is locatit in Turkey
Çatalca
Çatalca
Location o Çatalca in Istanbul
Coordinates: 41°08′30″N 28°27′47″E / 41.14167°N 28.46306°E / 41.14167; 28.46306Coordinates: 41°08′30″N 28°27′47″E / 41.14167°N 28.46306°E / 41.14167; 28.46306
KintraTurkey
CeetyIstanbul
Govrenment
 • MayorMesut Üner (AKP)
 • GovernorYüksel Ayhan
Area
 • District1343.70 km2 (518.81 sq mi)
Population
 (2012)[2]
 • Urban
36,863
 • District
63467
 • District density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
Area code(s)0-212
Websitewww.catalca.bel.tr www.catalca.gov.tr

Çatalca (Metrae, Μέτραι in Auncient Greek) is a ceety an a rural destrict in Istanbul, Turkey. It is the lairgest destrict in Istanbul by aurie.

It is in East Thrace, on the ridge atween the Marmara an the Black Sea. Most people livin in Çatalca are aither farmers or those veesitin vacation hames. Mony faimilies frae Istanbul come tae Çatalca during weekends tae hike in the forests or hae picnics.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Antiquity[eedit | eedit soorce]

Çatalca's auncient Greek name wis Ergískē (Ἐργίσκη). Ergiske (Ancient Greek: Ἐργίσκη) wis an auncient Greek[3] ceety in Thrace, locatit in the region of the Propontis.

According tae Suida, the Greek name is efter Ergiscus (Ἐργίσκος), a son of Poseidon through the naiad (nymph) Aba (Ἄβα). In Greek mythology, Aba was a nymph an she is presumed tae be a dochter of the river Hebros.[4] The steid is nou occupied in pairt bi modren Çatalca.

Unnee Roman rule, it wis named Metrae or Metre an wis important enough in the Late Roman province o Europa tae acome a suffragan o its caipital Heraclea's Metropolitan Archbishop, yet wis tae fade.

Modern period[eedit | eedit soorce]

File:Chataldzha attack.jpg
Bulgarian bayonet charge at the "Battle of Çatalca"

Çatalca wis settled throuoot the Ottoman period an according tae the Ottoman Official Statistics o 1910 the majority of the area wur Greeks.[5] The Crimean War caused a mass exodus o Crimean Tatars towards Ottoman launds. A few Crimean Tatars settled in Çatalca.

In the First Balkan War the Bulgarie airmy haed driven the Turkish forces back frae the border, but the Turkis forces retreatit tae the prepared poseetions at Çatalca whur on 16–17 November 1912 thay defeatit the Bulgaries at the "First Battle o Çatalca".[6][7] The Çatalca fortifications formed a line across the peninsula, the "Chataldja line", which acame the armistice line o 3 December 1912,[6] efter Bulgarie decided nae tae attack Adrianople at that time.[6][7] Upon expiration o the airmistice, on 3 Februar [O.S. 21 January] 1913, hostilities recommenced an the Seicont Battle o Çatalca bygane. It wis a series o thrusts an coonter-thrusts bi baith the Ottomans an the Bulgaries an lasted until 3 Apryle 1913.[8] Thare were a lairge nummer of journalists who reportit on the militar actions at Çatalca, whose accoonts provide rich details aboot this event.

Accordin tae the Ottoman population statistics o 1914, the kaza o Çatalca had a total population of 30.165, conseestin o 16.984 Greeks, 13.034 Muslims, 53 Jews, 44 Armenies, 40 Bulgaries an 10 Roma fowk.[9]

Afore 1930, Çatalca an aw covered present destricts o Arnavutköy, Beylikdüzü, Büyükçekmece, wastren pairts of Başakşehir, rural pairts o Eyüp an Sarıyer. In 1930 coonty (bucak) o Kilyos wis pairt o destrict of Sarıyer, uised tae be pairt of Beyoğlu. At same time, veelages o Odayeri, Ağaçlı, İhsaniye an Kısırmandıra (Işıklar after 1987) wur passed tae Kemerburgaz coonty (formerly pairt o Beyoğlu destrict) o Sarıyer. In 1963, veelages as Arnavutköy, Bolluca, Hacımaşlı, Haraççı an İmrahor o Boyalık (its center wis Hadımköy) coonty pairt of destrict of Gaziosmanpaşa, formerly pairt of Eyüp. In 1972 Tayakadın veelage o Boyalık coonty an Yeniköy ane o it wur passed tae Gaziosmapaşa. In 1987 coonty o Büyükçekmece wis separatit an acoome destrict. Finally in 2009 remainder o Boyalık county wis passed tae Arnavutköy, wis pairt o Gaziosmanpaşa an Muratbey veelage wis passed tae Büyükçekmece.

Population[eedit | eedit soorce]

As o a November 22, 2000 census, the population o Çatalca destrict wis 81,589, while the ceety o Çatalca haed a population o 36,544 in 2009. The population growth rate wis 0.66%. The literacy rate wis 99%.

Geografie[eedit | eedit soorce]

Çatalca haes an aurie of 1,715 km² and 135 kilometers of coastline. Its neighbours include Çatalca tae the sooth, an Silivri an Tekirdağ Province tae the wast. Avcılar, Küçükçekmece, an Arnavutköy lie tae the east. Fresh water for Istanbul is providit frae bi lochs Durusu an Çatalca.

Yalıköy is a seaside resort o Çatalca. The Çilingoz Naitur Pairk wast o Yalıköy offers camping an ootdoor recreation activities.

Media[eedit | eedit soorce]

At Çatalca, thare is a mediumwave broadcastin station wi a 226 metres tall mast. It wirks on 702 kHz wi 600 kW.

Internaitional relations[eedit | eedit soorce]

Twin touns an sister ceeties[eedit | eedit soorce]

Çatalca is twinned wi:

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 5 Mairch 2013.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 27 Februar 2013.
  3. An Inventory of Archaic and Classical Poleis: An Investigation Conductit by The Copenhagen Polis Centre for the Danish National Research Foundation by Mogens Herman Hansen,2005,page 913
  4. Suda. Byzantium. Ergiske: It is in Thrake, [and was named] after Ergiskos the son of Poseidon and Aba, a Nymphe
  5. Pentzopoulos, Dimitri (2002). The Balkan exchange of minorities and its impact on Greece. C. Hurst & Co. Publishers. pp. 31–32. ISBN 978-1-85065-702-6.
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 Hall, Richard C. (2000) The Balkan Wars 1912-1913: Prelude to the First World War Routledge, London, page 69, ISBN 0-415-22946-4
  7. 7.0 7.1 Black, Jeremy (2002) Warfare in the Western World, 1882-1975 Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana, page 40 ISBN 0-253-34050-0
  8. Erickson, Edward J. (2003). Defeat in Detail: The Ottoman Army in the Balkans, 1912–1913. Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 285 ff. ISBN 978-0-275-97888-4.
  9. Kemal Karpat (1985), Ottoman Population, 1830-1914, Demographic and Social Characteristics, The University of Wisconsin Press, p. 184-185

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]

Wikivoyage-Logo-v3-icon.svg Travel guide tae Çatalca frae Wikivoyage