Poseidon

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Poseidon
God o the sea, yirdquauks, stuirms, an horses
0036MAN Poseidon.jpg
Poseidon frae Milos, 2nt century BC
(Naitional Airchaeological Museum o Athens)
Abode Sea
Symbol Trident, Fish, Dowphin, Horse an Bull
Consort Amphitrite
Parents Cronus an Rhea
Siblings Hades, Demeter, Hestia, Hera, Zeus
Childer Theseus, Triton, Polyphemus,
Belus, Agenor, Neleus,
Atlas
Roman equivalent Neptune

Poseidon or Posidon (Greek: Ποσειδῶν, gen: Ποσειδῶνος) is ane o the twal Olympian deities o the pantheon in Greek meethologie. His main domain is the ocean, an he is cried the "God o the Sea". Addeetionally, he is referred tae as "Yird-Shaker"[1] due tae his role in causin yirdquauks, an haes been cried the "tamer o horses".[2] He is uisually depictit as an aulder male wi curly hair an beard.

The name o the sea-god Nethuns in Etruscan wis adoptit in Laitin for Neptune in Roman meethologie; baith wur sea gods analogous tae Poseidon. Linear B tablets show that Poseidon wis veneratit at Pylos an Thebes in pre-Olympian Bronze Age Greece as a chief deity, but he wis integratit intae the Olympian gods as the brither o Zeus an Hades.[2] Accordin tae some fowklear, he wis savit bi his mither Rhea, who concealed him amang a flock o lambs an pretendit tae have given birth tae a colt, which wis devoured bi Cronos.[3]

There is a Homeric hymn tae Poseidon, who wis the protector o mony Hellenic ceeties, awtho he lost the contest for Athens tae Athena. Accordin tae the references frae Plato in his dialogue Timaeus and Critias, the island o Atlantis wis the chosen domain o Poseidon.[4][5] [6][7]

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  1. Modern Greek media (e.g. "The Pacific: A history full of earthquakes" Ta Nea, 2011) and scholars (e.g. Koutouzis, Vassilis Volcanoes and Earthquakes in Troizinia) do not metaphorically refer to Poseidon but instead to Enceladus, the chief of the ancient Giants, to denote earthquakes in Greece.
  2. 2.0 2.1 Burkert, Walter (1985). Greek Religion. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. pp. 136–39. ISBN 0-674-36281-0. 
  3. In the 2nd century AD, a well with the name of Arne, the "lamb's well", in the neighbourhood of Mantineia in Arcadia, where old traditions lingered, was shown to Pausanias. (Pausanias viii.8.2.)
  4. The story of Atlantis. Retrieved October 02, 2012.
  5. Plato (1971). Timaeus and Critias. Lunnon, Ingland: Penguin Books Ltd. p. 167. ISBN 9780140442618. 
  6. Timaeus 24e–25a, R. G. Bury translation (Loeb Classical Library).
  7. Also it has been interpreted that Plato or someone before him in the chain of the oral or written tradition of the report accidentally changed the very similar Greek words for "bigger than" ("meson") and "between" ("mezon") – Luce, J.V. (1969). The End of Atlantis – New Light on an Old Legend. London: Thames and Hudson. p. 224. 

References[eedit | eedit soorce]