Turkis fowk

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Turks
Türkler
Kıvanç Tatlıtuğ 2009.jpg ElifShafak Ask EbruBilun Wiki.jpg Tarkan (7).jpg Sertab Erener - Zenne - Cropped.jpg Orhan Pamuk 2009 Shankbone.jpg
Total population
~70 million

(see also Turkis population & Turkis diaspora)

Regions wi signeeficant populations
Banner o Turkey Turkey 55,500,000-60,000,000 [1][2][3][4]
Banner o Germany Germany 3,500,000-4,000,000 [5][6][7]
Banner o Algerie Algerie 600,000-3,300,000 [8][9]
Banner o Iraq Iraq 500,000-3,000,000 [10][11][12]
 Sirie 750,000-1,500,000 [13]
 Bulgarie 588,000-800,000 [14][15][16]
Banner o Fraunce Fraunce 500,000-1,000,000 [17][18]
Banner o Unitit Kinrick Unitit Kinrick 500,000a[›] [19][20][21]
Banner o Unitit States Unitit States 500,000 b[›] [22][23][24]
Banner o Netherlands Netherlands 400,000-500,000 c[›] [25][26][27]
Banner o Austrick Austrick 350,000-500,000 [28][29][30][31]
Banner o Northren Cyprus Northren Cyprus 300,000-500,000 d[›] [32][33]
Banner o Belgium Belgium 200,000 [34][35]
Banner o Republic o Macedonie Republic o Macedonie 77,959-200,000 [36].[37][38]
Banner o Saudi Arabie Saudi Arabie 200,000 e[›] [39]
Banner o Australie Australie 60,000-150,000 f[›] [40][41]
Banner o Greece Greece 80,000-150,000 g[›] [42][43][44]
Banner o Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 150,000 h[›] [45]
Banner o Roushie Roushie 120,000-150,000 [46]
Banner o Swisserland Swisserland 120,000 e[›] [47]
Banner o Azerbaijan Azerbaijan 110,000 h[›] [45][48][49]
Banner o Swaden Swaden 100,000-150,000 i[›] [50][51]
Banner o Egyp Egyp 70,000-100,000 [52][53]
Banner o Denmark Denmark 70,000 [54]
Banner o Canadae Canadae 50,000-100,000 [55][56][57]
Banner o Lebanon Lebanon 50,000-80,000 [58][59]
Banner o Bosnie an Herzegovinae Bosnie 50,000 [60][60]
Banner o Republic o Kosovo Kosovo 30,000-50,000 [60][61]
Banner o Kyrgyzstan Kyrgyzstan 50,000 h[›] [45][62]
Banner o Romanie Romanie 28,226-80,000 [63][64][65]
Banner o Italy Italy 21,000 e[›] [66][67]
Banner o Norawa Norawa 16,000 e[›] [68]
Leids

Turkish

Releegion

Predominantly Hanafi Sunni Islam, minority Alevism [2]

Sib ethnic groups

Ither Turkic fowks, especially the Oghuz branch [69]
Ancestry (modern genetic studies): Primarily ancient Anatolians [70] in addition to neighboring peoples, [71] such as Balkan peoples, [72] despite lack of ethnic or linguistic ties; and Turkic people[71]

Footnotes
^ a: According to the Home Affairs Committee this includes 300,000 Turkish Cypriots.[73] However, some estimates suggest that the Turkish Cypriot community in the UK has reached between 350,000[74] to 400,000.[75][76]

^ b: Government immigration figures on the number of Turks in the US estimates a total of 190,000 persons;[77] however, these statistics are not fully reliable because a considerable number of Turks were born in the Balkans and USSR.[78]
^ c: A further 10,000-30,000 people from Bulgaria live in the Netherlands. The majority are Bulgarian Turks and are the fastest-growing group of immigrants in the Netherlands.[79]
^ d: This includes Turkish settlers. A further 2,000 Turkish Cypriots currently reside in the southern part of the island.[80]
^ e: This figure only includes Turkish citizens. Therefore, this also includes ethnic minorities from Turkey; however, it does not include ethnic Turks who have either been born and/or have become naturalised citizens. Furthermore, these figures do not include ethnic Turkish minorities from Bulgaria, Cyprus, Georgia, Greece, Iraq, Kosovo, Macedonia, Romania or any other traditional area of Turkish settlement because they are registered as citizens from the country they have immigrated from rather than their ethnic Turkish identity.
^ f: A further 40,000-120,000 Turkish Cypriots live in Australia.[81][82][83][84]
^ g: This figure only includes Turks of Western Thrace. A further 5,000 live in the Rhodes and Kos.[85] In addition to this, 8,297 immigrants live in Greece.[86]
^ h: These figures only includes Meskhetian Turks.
^ i: A further 30,000 Bulgarian Turks live in Sweden.[87]

The Turkis fowk, or the Turks, (Turkis: Türkler‎), are a naition an an ethnic group primarily livin in Turkey, an in the umwhike launds o the Ottoman Empire whaur Turkis minorities hae been established. The Turkis minorities are the seicont lairgest ethnic groups in Bulgarie an Cyprus. In addeetion, due tae modren migration, a Turkis diaspora haes been established, pairticularly in Wastren Europe (see Turks in Europe), where lairge commonties hae been formit in Austrick, Belgium, France, Germany, the Netherlands an the Unitit Kinrick. Thare are significant Turkis commonties livin in Australie, the umwhile Soviet Union an North Americae.

References an notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

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  2. 2.0 2.1 KONDA Research and Consultancy, Social Structure Survey 2006
  3. Library of Congress – Federal Research Division. "Country Profile: Turkey". Retrieved 2010-02-06. 
  4. CIA. "The World Factbook". Retrieved 2011-07-27. 
  5. European Institute. "Merkel Stokes Immigration Debate in Germany". Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  6. Kötter et al. 2003, 55.
  7. Haviland et al. 2010, 675.
  8. Turkish Embassy in Algeria 2008, 4.
  9. Oxford Business Group 2008, 10.
  10. Park 2005, 37.
  11. Phillips 2006, 112.
  12. Taylor 2004, 28.
  13. Özkaya 2007, 112.
  14. National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria (2011). "2011 Population Census in the Republic of Bulgaria (Final data)". National Statistical Institute of Bulgaria. 
  15. Sosyal 2011, 369.
  16. Bokova 2010, 170.
  17. Leveau & Hunter 2002, 6.
  18. Fransa Diyanet İşleri Türk İslam Birliği. "2011 YILI DİTİB KADIN KOLLARI GENEL TOPLANTISI PARİS DİTİB’DE YAPILDI". Retrieved 2012-02-15. 
  19. Home Affairs Committee 2011, 38
  20. The Guardian (1 August 2011). "UK immigration analysis needed on Turkish legal migration, say MPs". Retrieved 1 August 2011. 
  21. Federation of Turkish Associations UK (19 June 2008). "Short history of the Federation of Turkish Associations in UK". Archived from the original on 2011-04-13. Retrieved 2011-04-13. 
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  29. Avrupa Türk-İslam Birliği. "Avusturya Türk İslam Kültür ve Sosyal Yardımlaşma Birliği:Sosyal Hayat ve Dini Yapı". Retrieved 2010-11-15. 
  30. Andreas Mölzer. "In Österreich leben geschätzte 500.000 Türken, aber kaum mehr als 10–12.000 Slowenen". Retrieved 2011-10-16. 
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  32. International Crisis Group 2010, 2.
  33. Ilican 2011, 95.
  34. King Baudouin Foundation 2008, 5.
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  36. Republic of Macedonia State Statistical Office 2005, 34.
  37. Knowlton 2005, 66.
  38. Abrahams 1996, 53.
  39. Karpat 2004, 12.
  40. Australian Bureau of Statistics. "20680-Ancestry (full classification list) by Sex - Australia". Retrieved 2011-07-13. 
  41. Sydney Morning Herald (2005-04-23). "Old foes, new friends". The Sydney Morning Herald. Retrieved 2008-12-26. 
  42. "Demographics of Greece". European Union National Languages. Retrieved 19 December 2010. 
  43. Whitman 1990, i.
  44. Ergener & Ergener 2002, 106.
  45. 45.0 45.1 45.2 Aydıngün et al. 2006, 13.
  46. Ryazantsev 2009, 172.
  47. The Federal Authorities of the Swiss Confederation. "Diaspora und Migrantengemeinschaften aus der Türkei in der Schweiz". Retrieved 2008-12-16. 
  48. UNHCR 1999, 14.
  49. NATO Parliamentary Assembly. "Minorities in the South Caucasus: Factor of Instability?". Retrieved 2012-01-16. 
  50. Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency. "Turkiet är en viktig bro mellan Öst och Väst". Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  51. Hurriyet Daily News. "Businessman invites Swedes for cheap labor, regional access". Retrieved 2011-04-14. 
  52. Bruce 2003, 12.
  53. Baedeker 2000, lviii.
  54. DR Online. "Tyrkisk afstand fra Islamisk Trossamfund". Retrieved 2009-02-08. 
  55. Canada's National Statistical Agency. "Statistics Canada". Retrieved 2008-07-09. 
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  57. Zaman. "Buyurun Kanada'ya uçalım". Retrieved 2011-09-27. 
  58. Al-Akhbar. "Lebanese Turks Seek Political and Social Recognition". Retrieved 2012-03-02. 
  59. Todays Zaman. "Tension adds to existing wounds in Lebanon". Retrieved 2011-04-06. 
  60. 60.0 60.1 60.2 Sosyal 2011, 368.
  61. OSCE 2010, 3.
  62. IRIN Asia. "KYRGYZSTAN: Focus on Mesketian Turks". Retrieved 2010-03-17. 
  63. National Institute of Statistics 2011, 10.
  64. Phinnemore 2006, 157.
  65. Constantin, Goschin & Dragusin 2008, 59.
  66. Sabah. "Eyvah Türkler geldi!". Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  67. ntvmsnbc. "Roma'da bir Türk Film Festivali". Retrieved 2011-10-24. 
  68. Statistics Norway. "Persons with immigrant background by immigration category and country background 1 January 2010". Retrieved 2010-05-04. 
  69. Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa: Thus Turks include the Turks of Turkey, the Azeris of Azerbaijan, and the Kazakhs, Kyrgyz, Tatars, Turkmen, and Uzbeks of Central Asia, as well as many smaller groups in Asia speaking Turkic languages. [1]
  70. Yardumian, A., & Schurr, T. G. (2011). Who Are the Anatolian Turks?. Anthropology & Archeology Of Eurasia, 50(1), 6-42. doi:10.2753/AAE1061-1959500101
  71. 71.0 71.1 Hodoğlugil, U., & Mahley, R. W. (2012). Turkish Population Structure and Genetic Ancestry Reveal Relatedness among Eurasian Populations. Annals Of Human Genetics, 76(2), 128-141. doi:10.1111/j.1469-1809.2011.00701.x [2]
  72. Alu insertion polymorphisms in the Balkans and the origins of the Aromuns. Annals of Human Genetics.Volume 68 Issue 2 Page 120-127, March 2004.
  73. Home Affairs Committee 2011, Ev 34
  74. Laschet, Armin (17 September 2011). "İngiltere'deki Türkler". Hurriyet. Archived from the original on 2011-09-30. Retrieved 2011-09-27.  More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
  75. Akben, Gözde (11 February 2010). "Olmalı mı Olmamalı mı?". Star Kıbrıs. Archived from the original on 2011-04-13. Retrieved 21 January 2011.  More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
  76. Cemal, Akay (2 June 2011). "Dıştaki gençlerin askerlik sorunu çözülmedikçe…". Kıbrıs Gazetesi. Archived from the original on 2011-08-01. Retrieved 17 June 2011.  More than one of |author= and |last= specified (help)
  77. U.S. Census Bureau: American FactFinder. "2008 American Community Survey 1-Year Estimates". Retrieved 2009-09-22. 
  78. Karpat 2004, 627.
  79. The Sophia Echo. "Turkish Bulgarians fastest-growing group of immigrants in The Netherlands". Retrieved 2009-07-26. 
  80. Hatay 2007, 40.
  81. TRNC Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Briefing Notes on the Cyprus Issue". Retrieved 2010-10-03. 
  82. Kibris Gazetesi. "Avustralya'daki Kıbrıslı Türkler ve Temsilcilik...". Retrieved 2011-05-31. 
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  84. Star Kıbrıs. "'Sözünüzü Tutun'". Retrieved 2012-09-10. 
  85. Clogg 2002, 84.
  86. MigrantsInGreece. "Data on immigrants in Greece, from Census 2001, Legalization applications 1998, and valid Residence Permits, 2004". Retrieved 2009-03-26. [deid airtin]
  87. Laczko, Stacher & von Koppenfels 2002, 187.