The Corcel's oreegins lay in the Renault 12. Willys-Overland's Brazilian operation included manufacturin the Renault Dauphine an Gordini an, when it wis bought bi Ford do Brasil in 1967, plans were underway to replace it with the Renault 12, and Ford inherited the project.
Housomeivver, the stylin o the Corcel wis unique to Brazil before 1978. From this year, the Corcel II, as it became kent, bore a strong resemblance to the Ford Escort and Ford Taunus sold in Europe and in Argentina, but its underpinnings were the same.
The first year o production o the Brazilian Ford Corcel wis 1968, when it came as a fower-door sedan wi a 1.3-litre, 68 hp (51 kW) water-cooled ingine. A coupe an a three-door station wagon version o the Ford Corcel, latter cawed Belina, wur eventually launched. Later, a L (for "Luxury") an a GT version wur produced. Each passin year mony stylin chynges wur made, borraein several details frae the Ford Maverick, an becomin mair an mair like a Pony caur.
The facelifted Corcel I (mk1.5) haed a mair aggressive leuk in contrast frae the conservative 1968 version. On the ither hand, the Corcel II haed a vera conservative an family-oriented design.
Some o the L an aw GT versions an aa came wi 1.4-litre 85 hp (63 kW) water-cooled ingine wi double-barrel carburetor, which wis vera easy tae modify for greater pouer. Some shops haed the option tae install an unoffeecial sma tunin kit that woud improve the ingine's horsepouer tae 95. Note that aw o these HP values wur accoontit uisin the law quality, law octane sooth-American petrol o the time. Uisin today's better fuel woud improve these values significantly.
The Corcel GT wis moderately successful in Brazilian Tarumã, Interlagos an beach rally street caur championships durin the seiventies, thanks tae its front-wheel-drive stability an law wecht (920 kg), which alloued a hie pouer-tae-wecht ratio. It woud no be faster than the V-8 Maverick an Chevrolet Opala, but it woud beat awthing else, includin 4- an 6-cylinder Mavericks an some Dodge Chargers that subscribed the events. Those championships unveiled that the front drive universal joint wis prone tae break unner hivy stress, so in 1976 the Corcel line adoptit the Constant-velocity joint.
In 1978, follaein the Corcel, Ford launched the Corcel II, wi completely re-made design an straight lines opposin the pony caur style. These chynges wur an aa applied tae the Belina, while the 4-door version wis dropped. But the Corcel II wis hivier too (970 kg). The Ford Corcel II oreeginatit a pick-up version cawed the Ford Pampa in 1982, which woud eventually be available wi fower wheel drive.
The Ford Del Rey wis introduced in 1981, wi a mair upricht roofline an a fower-door model available. A station wagon version (Ford Scala) differed frae the Belina ae in trim. The traditional Ford name Victoria wis tae be uised on this version but wis dropped at the last minute.
Aw haed a slicht face lift for the 1985 model year. The Corcel II became kent again simply as the Corcel. The interior wis nou the same for aw fower models. Ootside, while the Corcel an the Del Rey wur fastback an sedan versions o the same cr, the Belina an the Scala, which were the same car with some interior/exterior differences were now almost identical; only a few details, such as the taillamps, differentiated these two models. The Belina was made available with the same four-wheel-drive system used in the Pampa. This system seemed to have questionable reliability; Quatro Rodas magazine did a long-term test of a Belina 4x4 (50,000 km) in which break downs were very frequent.
1986 was the last year for the Corcel. The Belina was also discontinued in 1986, but its name was, from then on, applied to what had been the Scala (a name that had never really caught on).
The ingine wis a CHT, an improved version o the Ventoux ingine uised in the first Corcel o 1968. Bi nou it had been bored and stroked to 1555 cc, with a redesigned cylinder head, a rotating valve design and many other peripheral improvements.
In 1989, as a result o the Autolatina joint-venture, the heicher ootput Volkswagen AP-1800 ingine replaced the 1.6L in aw models o the Del Rey an Belina, made available in aw models o the Pampa except for the anes wi fower wheel drive.
The Del Rey an the "new" Belina weur discontinued in 1991, being replaced bi the Ford Versailles an Ford Royale respectively (Passat B2 version fascia). The Pampa woud soldier on till 1996, when Ford introduced the smawer, Fiesta Mk2-based Ford Courier.
Notes[eedit | edit source]
- "Páginas da História - R12 francês, um sucesso mundial". www.bestcars.com.br. Retrieved 2009-03-15.
Freemit airtins[eedit | edit source]
-  - Carros do Passado: O cavalo brasileiro
-  - Beach Rally championship results showcasing victory and good positions of the Ford Corcel
|Wikimedia Commons haes media relatit tae Ford Corcel.|