Regions o Fraunce

Frae Wikipedia, the free beuk o knawledge
(Reguidit frae Regions o France)
Région  (French)
CategoryUnitary State
LocationFrench Republic
Possible statusOwerseas region (5)
Région d'outre-mer
Addeetional statusTerritorial collectivity
Collectivité Territoriale
Populations212,645 (Mayotte) – 12,005,077 (Île-de-France)
Auries376 km2 (145 sq mi) (Mayotte) – 84,061 km2 (32,456 sq mi) (Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes)
GovrenmentRegion Govrenment, Naitional Govrenment

Fraunce is dividit intae 18 admeenistrative regions (French: régions, pronounced [ʁeʒjɔ̃]), 22 o whilk is in Metropolitan Fraunce, an five o which are owerseas. Corsica is a territorial collectivity (French: collectivité territoriale), but is considered a region in mainstream uisage, an is even shawn in a siclike wey on the INSEE wabsteid.[1] Ilka mainland region an Corsica is forder subdividit intae depairtments, rangin in nummer frae 2 tae 8 per region for the metropolitan anes whaur the owerseas regions technically conseest o anerlie ane depairtment. The term region wis offeecially creatit bi the Law o Decentralization (2 Mairch 1982), whilk gied regions thair legal status an aw. The first direct elections for regional representatives teuk place on 16 Mairch 1986.

General characteristics[eedit | eedit soorce]

In mainland Fraunce (keepin oot Corsica), the median land area o a region is 25,809 km² (9,965 sq mi), that is that wee bit lairger than the U.S. state o Vermont, an 4% the median land area o a Canadian province, but 15% lairger than the median land area o a German region ("Regierungsbezirk").

In 2004, the median population o a region in continental Fraunce wis 2,329,000 indwallers, three quarters o the median population o a German Land (state), but mair nor twice the median population o a Canadian province.

Role[eedit | eedit soorce]

Regions lack separate legislative authority an syne canna write thair ain statutory law. Thay levy thair ain taxes an, in return, receive a decreasin pairt o thair budget frae the central govrenment, that gies them a portion o the taxes it levies. Thay hae considerable budgets managit bi a regional council (conseil régional) made up o representatives votit intae office in regional elections.

A region's primary responsibility is tae big an furnish heich schools. In Mairch 2004, the French central govrenment unveiled a controversial plan tae transfer regulation o certaint categories o non-teaching scuil staff tae the regional authorities. Critics o this plan contendit that tax revenue wis insufficient for tae pey for the resultin costs, an that a siclike measures wad increase regional inequalities.

In addition, regions hae considerable discretionary pouer ower infrastructural spendin, e.g., eddication, public transit, varsities an research, an assistance tae business awners. This haes meant that the heids o walthy regions lik Île-de-France or Rhône-Alpes can be heich-profile poseetions.

Proposals tae gie regions limitit legislative autonomy hae met wi considerable resistance; ithers propose transferrin certaint pouers frae the depairtments tae thair respective regions, leavin the departments wi leemitit authority.

Regional Control[eedit | eedit soorce]

Nummer o regions controlled bi ilka coalition syne 1986.


Representation o mainland France's regions an their respective historical an military flags[eedit | eedit soorce]

Map o mainland France's regions an thair respective historical an military flags.

Regions an their caipitals[eedit | eedit soorce]

Metropolitan regions
Banner[2] Region French name Native name/s Caipital INSEE No.[1] Derivation or status
Banner o Alsace Alsace Alsace Alsatian: Elsàss
German: Elsass
Strasbourg 42 Umwhile German territory o Elsaß
Banner o Aquitaine Aquitaine Aquitaine Occitan: Aquitània
Basque: Akitania
Bordeaux 72 Umwhile Roman province o Aquitaine
plus Guyenne an Gascony
Banner o Auvergne Auvergne Auvergne Occitan: Auvèrnhe / Auvèrnha Clermont-Ferrand 83 Umwhile province o Auvergne
Banner o Brittany Breetany Bretagne Breton: Breizh
Gallo: Bertaèyn
Rennes 53 Duchy o Brittany
Banner o Bourgogne (Burgundy) Burgundy Bourgogne Burgundian: Bregogne / Borgoégne
Arpitan: Borgogne
Dijon 26 Duchy o Burgundy
Banner o Centre Centre Centre Orléans 24 Central poseetion
Banner o Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne Champagne-Ardenne Châlons-en-
21 Umwhile province o Champagne
Banner o Franche-Comté Franche-Comté Franche-Comté Franc-Comtois: Fràntche-Comté
Arpitan: Franche-Comtât
Besançon 43 Free Coonty o Burgundy
Banner o Île-de-France Île-de-France Ile-de-France Paris 11 Province o Ile-de-France an pairts
o the umwhile province o Champagne
Banner o Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Languedoc-Roussillon Occitan: Lengadòc-Rosselhon
Catalan: Llenguadoc-Rosselló
Montpellier 91 Umwhile provinces o Languedoc
an Roussillon
Banner o Limousin Limousin Limousin Occitan: Lemosin Limoges 74 Umwhile province o Limousin an pairts
o Marche, Berry, Auvergne, Poitou
an Angoumois
Banner o Lorraine Lorraine Lorraine German: Lothringen Metz 41 Umwhile province o Lorraine plus
Barrois an the Three Bishoprics
Banner o Lawer Normandy Lawer Normandy Basse-Normandie Norman: Basse-Normaundie Caen 25
Banner o Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrénées Midi-Pyrénées Occitan: Miègjorn-Pirenèus
Occitan: Mieidia-Pirenèus
Toulouse 73 Nane; creatit for Toulouse
Banner o Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais Nord-Pas-de-Calais Dutch: Noord-Nauw van Kales Lille 31 Nord an Pas-de-Calais depairtments
Banner o Pays-de-la-Loire Pays de la Loire Pays de la Loire Breton: Broioù al Liger Nantes 52 Nane; creatit for Nantes
Banner o Picardie (Picardy) Picardy Picardie Amiens 22
Banner o Poitou-Charentes Poitou-Charentes Poitou-Charentes Poitiers 54 Umwhile province o Poitou
Banner o Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Provence-Alpes-Côte d'Azur Occitan:
   Provença-Aups-Còsta d'Azur
   Prouvènço-Aup-Costo d'Azur
   Provenza-Alpi-Costa Azzurra
Marseille 93 Provence plus the umwhile coonty o
, principality o Orange an
Banner o Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Rhône-Alpes Arpitan: Rôno-Arpes
Occitan: Ròse Aups
Lyon 82 Creatit for Lyon frae Dauphiné an
Lyonais provinces
Banner o Haute-Normandie Upper Normandy Haute-Normandie Norman: Ĥâote-Normaundie Rouen 23 A. Le Vern (PS)
The follaeing region haes the special status o territorial collectivity.
Banner o Corsica Corsicae Corse Corsican: Corsica
Italian: Corsica
Ajaccio 94 Territorial collectivity
The follaein five regions hae the special status o owerseas region.
Banner o French Guiana French Guiana Guyane Cayenne 03 Owerseas region
Banner o Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Guadeloupe Antillean Creole: Gwadloup Basse-Terre 01 Owerseas region V. Lurel (PS)
Banner o Martinique Martinique Martinique Antillean Creole: Matinik Fort-de-France 02 Owerseas region S. Letchimy (PPM)
unofficial banner o Mayotte Mayotte Mayotte Shimaore: Maore
Malagasy: Mahori
Mamoudzou 05 Owerseas region
Banner o Réunion based on the logo o the région. Reunion La Réunion Reunion Creole: La Rényon Saint-Denis 04 Owerseas region

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b "Carte des Régions" (in French). INSEE. Retrieved 29 September 2009.
  2. Thir flags isnae offeecial, but popularly uised.

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]