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The 26t o December is the 360t day o the year (361t in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 5 days bidin.
- 1135 - Keeng Stephen o Ingland is crowned.
- 1825 - The Erie Canal opens.
- 1925 - The Communist Pairty o Indie is foondit.
- 1925 - Turkey decides tae adopt the Gregorian calendar, stairtin on 1 Januar 1926.
- 1933 - The Nissan Motor Company is organisit.
- 1943 - At the Cairo Conference, Winston Churchill decides that Germany needs tae be defeatit afore Japan.
- 1943 - Warld War II: German battleship "Scharnhorst" is sunk in a battle wi twa Breetish ships in the Norse Sea, killin aw but 36 o the 1,968 men on baird.
- 1982 - The personal computer becomes the first non-human tae acame Time magazine's "Person o the Year".
- 1991 - The last institutions o the Soviet Union cease tae exist.
- 1999 - Major storms hit Fraunce an Germany, killin ower 100 fowk.
- 2003 - Thousands o fowk are kilt bi a strang yirdquauk in Bam, Iran.
- 2004 - 2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk an tsunami: Thousands o fowk are kilt, especially in Indonesie.
- 2004 - Viktor Yushchenko defeats Viktor Yanukovych in the re-run o Ukraine's Preses election.
- 2006 - 260 fowk are kilt bi an oil pipeline explosion in Nigerie.
- 2012 - Shinzo Abe becomes Prime meenister o Japan for a seicont time.
- 2016 - Shinzo Abe becomes the first Prime meenister o Japan tae visit the site o the Pearl Harbor attack in Hawaii.
- 2017 - Honduras an Panama decide tae muive their embassies in Israel frae Tel Aviv tae Jerusalem, efter the semme decision wis made bi the leaders o the Unitit States an Guatemala.
- 2017 - Umwhile perfaisonal fitbawer George Weah is electit Preses o Liberie.
- 1194 - Frederick II, Haly Roman Emperor (d. 1250)
- 1791 - Charles Babbage, Inglis mathemateecian an inventor (d. 1871)
- 1872 - Norman Angell, Inglis jurnalist, author an politeecian (d. 1967)
- 1878 - Alex Raisbeck, Scots fitbawer (d. 1949)
- 1891 - Henry Miller, American writer (d. 1980)
- 1893 - Mao Zedong, Cheenese Communist leader (d. 1976)
- 1904 - Alejo Carpentier, Cuban novelist, essayist an musicologist (d. 1980)
- 1914 - Richard Widmark, American actor (d. 2008)
- 1935 - Stevie Chalmers, Scots fitbawer (d. 2019)
- 1939 - Phil Spector, American music producer
- 1942 - Gray Davis, American politeecian, umwhile Govrenor o Californie
- 1947 - Liz Lochhead, umwhile Scots Makar
- 1949 - Jose Ramos-Horta, umwhile Preses o East Timor
- 1953 - Toomas Hendrik Ilves, umwhile Preses o Estonie
- 1963 - Lars Ulrich, Dens-American muisicker (Metallica)
- 1968 - Catherine Calderwood, umwhile Chief Medical Afficer o Scotland
- 1971 - Jared Leto, American actor an muisicker
- 1986 - Hugo Lloris, French fitbawer
- 1989 - Yohan Blake, Jamaican sprinter
- 1990 - Aaron Ramsey, Welsh fitbawer
- 1995 - Zach Mills, American actor
- 268 - Pape Dionysius
- 1530 - Babur, Mughal Emperor (b. 1483)
- 1844 - Thomas Webster, Scots geologist (b. 1772)
- 1890 - Heinrich Schliemann, German businessman an airchaeologist (b. 1822)
- 1901 - Joseph Noel Paton, Scots penter (b. 1821)
- 1972 - Harry S. Truman, 33rd Preses o the Unitit States (b. 1884)
- 1985 - Dian Fossey, American zoologist, primatologist an anthropologist (b. 1932)
- 2006 - Gerald Ford, 38t Preses o the Unitit States (b. 1913)
- 2010 - Salvador Jorge Blanco, Preses o the Dominican Republic (b. 1926)
- 2013 - Marta Eggerth, Hungarian-American actress an sangster (b. 1912)
- 2014 - Leo Tindemans, Prime meenister o Belgium (b. 1922)
- 2018 - Roy J. Glauber, American pheesicist (b. 1925)
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