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2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk an tsunami

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2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk
Aceh in Indonesie, the maist devastated region struck bi tsunami
Date26 December 2004 (2004-12-26)[1]
Oreegin time00:58 UTC
Magnitude9.1 Mw[1]
Depth30 km (19 mi)[1]
Epicentre3°18′58″N 95°51′14″E / 3.316°N 95.854°E / 3.316; 95.854Coordinates: 3°18′58″N 95°51′14″E / 3.316°N 95.854°E / 3.316; 95.854[1]
Auries affectitIndonesie (mainly in Aceh)
Sri Lanka
Indie (maistly in Tamil Nadu)
CasualtiesAt least 228,000 tae 230,000 dead an mair missin[2][3][4][5]

The 2004 Indian Ocean yirdquauk an tsunami (kent as the Boxing Day Tsunami an, bi the scienteefic community, the Sumatra–Andaman yirdquauk forby) occurt at 07:58:53 in local time (UTC+7) on 26 December, wi an epicentre aff the wast coast o norlan Sumatra, Indonesia. It wis an unnersea megathrust yirdquauk that registered a magnitude o 9.1–9.3 Mw, reakin a Mercalli intensity up tae IX in certaint auries. The yirdquauk wis caused bi a rupture alang the faut atween the Burma Plate an the Indian Plate.

A series o wappin tsunami waves grew up tae 30 m (100 ft) heich ance heidin inland, efter bein creàt bi the ooterlie unnerwatter seismic activity. Commonties alang the surroondin coasts o the Indian Ocean wis snell affeckit, an the tsunamis killt an a estimate 227,898 fowk in 14 kintras, makkin it ane o the deidliest naitural disasters in recordit history. The direck eftercasts caused major disruptions tae livin condìtions an commerce in coastal provinces o surroondit countries, includin Aceh, Indonesia, Sri Lanka, Tamil Nadu, Indie an Khao Lak, Thailand. Banda Aceh reportit the lairgest nummer o daiths.

The yirdquauk wis the third-lairgest ever recordit an haed the langest duration o faultin ever observed; atween aicht an ten meenit. It caused the planet tae vibrate sae muckle as 10 mm (0.4 in), an ootlan trickert yirdquauks sae faur awa as Alaska forby. Its epicentre wis atween Simeulue an mainland Sumatra. The pliskie o the affeckit fowk an countries prompit a warldwide humanitarian repone, wi gifts totallin mair nor US$14 billion.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b c d "Magnitude 9.1 – OFF THE WEST COAST OF NORTHERN SUMATRA". U.S. Geological Survey. Archived frae the original on 17 August 2012. Retrieved 26 August 2012.
  2. If the daith toll in Myanmar wis 400–600 as claimed bi dissident groups there, rather than just 61 or 90, mair nor 230,000 fowk would hae perished in tot frae the tsunami.
  3. "Earthquakes with 50,000 or More Deaths". Archived frae the original on 7 Mey 2013. Retrieved 15 Mey 2015.
  4. "Indonesia quake toll jumps again". BBC News. 25 Januar 2005. Retrieved 24 December 2012.
  5. Indian Ocean tsunami anniversary: Memorial events held 26 December 2014, BBC News