Myanmar

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Republic o the Union o Myanmar
ပြည်ထောင်စု သမ္မတ မြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော်‌
Pyidaunzu Thanmăda Myăma Nainngandaw
  (Burmese)
Anthem: 
Location o  Myanmar  (green)in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Myanmar  (green)

in ASEAN  (dark grey)  —  [Legend]

Location o Myanmar
Caipital Naypyidaw
19°45′N 96°6′E / 19.750°N 96.100°E / 19.750; 96.100
Lairgest ceety Yangon (Rangoon)
Offeecial leids Burmese
Recognised regional leids
Offeecial script Burmese script
Ethnic groups ([1])
Releegion Theravāda Buddhism 87.9%
Christianity 6.2%
Islam 4.3%
Ither 1.6%[2]
Demonym Burmese / Myanma / Myanmese[3]
Govrenment Unitar pairlamentar constitutional republic
• Preses
Win Myint
Aung San Suu Kyi
Myint Swe
Henry Van Thio
Legislatur Assemmly o the Union
Hoose o Naitionalities
Hoose o Representatives
Formation
23 December 849
16 October 1510
29 Februar 1752
1 Januar 1886
4 Januar 1948
2 Mairch 1962
30 Mairch 2011
Aurie
• Tot
676,578 km2 (261,228 sq mi) (39t)
• Watter (%)
3.06
Population
• 2014 census
51,486,253 (2014),[4] 53,582,855 (2017)[5] (25t)
• Density
76/km2 (196.8/sq mi) (125t)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$334.856 billion[6] (53rd)
• Per capita
$6,360[6] (127t)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
72.368 billion[6] (72nt)
• Per capita
$1,374[6] (150t)
HDI (2015) Increase 0.556[7]
medium · 145t
Siller Kyat (K) (MMK)
Time zone MMT (UTC+06:30)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +95
ISO 3166 code MM
Internet TLD .mm

Burma, an aa kent as Myanmar an offeecially the Republic o the Union o Myanmar, is the lairgest kintra bi geographical aurie in mainland Sootheast Asie. The kintra is bordered bi Fowkrepublic o Cheenae on the north-east, Laos on the aest, Thailand on the sooth-east, Bangladesh on the wast, Indie on the north-wast an the Bay o Bengal tae the sooth-wast wi the Andaman Sea defining its soothern periphery. Ane-third o Burma's tot perimeter, 1,930 kilometers (1,199 mi), forms an uninterrupted coastline.

Etymology[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Names o Burma

"Burma" is derived frae the Burmese wird "Bamar" (ဗမာ), which in turn is the colloquial form o Myanmar (မြန်မာ) (or Mranma in auld Burmese), baith o which historically referred tae the majority Burmans (or the Bamar). Dependin on the register uised the pronunciation wad be "Bama" (pronounced: [bəmà]), or "Myanmah" (pronounced: [mjəmà]). The name "Burma" haes been in uise in Inglis syne the time o Breetish colonial rule.

Regions an states[eedit | eedit soorce]

The 14 states an regions o Burma

The kintra is dividit intae seiven states (ပြည်နယ်) an seiven regions (တိုင်းဒေသကြီး), umwhile cawed diveesions.[8] The annooncement on the renamin o diveesion tae regions wis made on 20 August 2010.[9] Regions are predominantly Bamar (that is, mainly inhabitit bi the dominant ethnic group). States, in essence, are regions which are hame tae parteecular ethnic minorities. The administrative diveesions are further subdividit intae destricts, which are further subdividit intae tounships, wards, an veelages.

Belaw are the nummer o destricts, tounships, ceeties/touns, wards, veelage Groups an veelages in each diveesions an states o Burma.

No. State/Region Destricts Tounships Ceeties/Touns Wards Veelage groups Veelages
1 Kachin State 3 18 20 116 606 2630
2 Kayah State 2 7 7 29 79 624
3 Kayin State 3 7 10 46 376 2092
4 Chin State 2 9 9 29 475 1355
5 Sagaing Region 8 37 37 171 1769 6095
6 Tanintharyi Region 3 10 10 63 265 1255
7 Bago Region 4 28 33 246 1424 6498
8 Magway Region 5 25 26 160 1543 4774
9 Mandalay Region 7 31 29 259 1611 5472
10 Mon State 2 10 11 69 381 1199
11 Rakhine State 4 17 17 120 1041 3871
12 Yangon Region 4 45 20 685 634 2119
13 Shan State 11 54 54 336 1626 15513
14 Ayeyarwady Region 6 26 29 219 1912 11651
Tot 63 324 312 2548 13742 65148

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The World Factbook – Burma". cia.gov. Archived frae the oreeginal on 4 November 2010. Retrieved 4 May 2016. 
  2. http://myanmar.unfpa.org/sites/default/files/pub-pdf/UNION_2-C_religion_EN_0.pdf
  3. Wang, Ann (30 September 2017). "Why the Rohingya will never be welcome in Myanmar". South China Morning Post. 
  4. The 2014 Myanmar Population and Housing Census Highlights of the Main Results Census Report Volume 2 – A. Department of Population Ministry of Immigration and Population. 2015. 
  5. http://www.worldometers.info/world-population/myanmar-population/
  6. 6.0 6.1 6.2 6.3 "Burma (Myanmar)". World Economic Outlook Database. International Monetary Fund. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017. 
  8. ပြည်ထောင်စုသမ္မတမြန်မာနိုင်ငံတော် ဖွဲ့စည်းပုံအခြေခံဥပဒေ (၂၀၀၈ ခုနှစ်) (in Burmese) [0]=1|2008 Constitution PDF
  9. "တိုင်းခုနစ်တိုင်းကို တိုင်းဒေသကြီးများအဖြစ် လည်းကောင်း၊ ကိုယ်ပိုင်အုပ်ချုပ်ခွင့်ရ တိုင်းနှင့် ကိုယ်ပိုင်အုပ်ချုပ်ခွင့်ရ ဒေသများ ရုံးစိုက်ရာ မြို့များကို လည်းကောင်း ပြည်ထောင်စုနယ်မြေတွင် ခရိုင်နှင့်မြို့နယ်များကို လည်းကောင်း သတ်မှတ်ကြေညာ". Weekly Eleven News (in Burmese). 2010-08-20. Retrieved 2010-08-23. 

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