The region lees atween north latitude 15° 40' an 18° 30' approximately an atween cast langitude 94° 15' an 96° 15'. It haes an aurie o 13,566 square miles (35,140 km2). The population is over 6.5 million, makkin it the maist populous o Burma’s states an regions. The population densitie is 466/sq mi (180/km2).
Ayeyarwady Region is flankit bi the Rakhine Yoma (Arakan Muntains) range in the wast an lairge auries wur cleared for paddy cultivation, leadin tae its preeminent position as the main rice producer in the kintra, a position it haes retained intae the 21st century.