Mao Zedong, an aa transliterated as Mao Tse-tung listen (help·info) (26 December 1893-9 September 1976), wis a Han Cheenese revolutionary, poleetical theorist an communist leader. He led the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae (PRC) frae its establishment in 1949 till his daith in 1976. His theoretical contribution tae Marxism-Leninism, military strategies, an his brand o Communist policies are nou collectively kent as Maoism.
Mao remains a controversial figure tae this day, wi a contentious an iver-evolvin legacy. He is offeecially held in hie regard in Cheenae as a great revolutionary, poleetical strategist, military mastermind, an savior o the naition. Mony Cheenese an aa believe that through his policies, he laid the economic, technological an cultural foondations o modren Cheenae, transformin the kintra frae an agrarian society intae a major warld pouer. Additionally, Mao is viewed as a poet, philosopher, an visionary, owing the latter primarily tae the cult o personality fostered durin his time in pouer. Mao's portrait continues tae be featured prominently on Tiananmen an on aw Renminbi bills.
Conversely, Mao's social-poleetical programs, such as the Great Leap Forward an the Cultural Revolution, are blamed for costin millions o lives, causin severe faimin an damage tae the cultur, society an economy o Cheenae. Mao's policies an poleetical purges frae 1949 tae 1976 are widely believed tae hae caused the daiths o atween 40 tae 70 million fowk. Syne Deng Xiaoping assumed pouer in 1978, mony Maoist policies hae been abandoned in favour o economic reforms.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- Short, Philip (2001). Mao: A Life. Owl Books. p. 630. ISBN 0805066381.
Mao had an extraordinary mix of talents: he was visionary, statesman, political and military strategist of cunning intellect, a philosopher and poet.
- Death Toll Median Average Estimates of 14 Sources = 45.75 – 52.5 million people Which include the books: Le Livre Noir du Communism by Stephane Courtois, Hungry Ghosts: Mao's Secret Famine by Jasper Becker, China's Changing Population by Judith Banister, Contemporary Chinese Population by Wang Weizhi, Mao: The Unknown Story by Jung Chang, Victims of Politics by Kurt Glaser, How to Prevent Genocide by John Heidenrich, Mao's China and After by Maurice Meisner, The Human Cost of Communism in China by Robert L. Walker. Along with reports by Agence France Press (1999), Dictionary of 20 Century World History, Guinness Book of World Records, Washington Post (1994), and the Weekly Standard (1997)
- Short 2001, p. 631
- Fenby, J (2008). Modern China: The Fall and Rise of a Great Power, 1850 to the Present. Ecco Press. p. 351. ISBN 0-06-166116-3.
Mao's responsibility for the extinction of anywhere from 40 to 70 million lives brands him as a mass killer greater than Hitler or Stalin, his indifference to the suffering and the loss of humans breathtaking
- Schram, Stuart (2007-03). "Mao: The Unknown Story". The China Quarterly (189): 205.
the exact figure... has been estimated by well-informed writers at between 40 and 70 millionCheck date values in:
- "Mao Zedong". The Oxford Companion to Politics of the World. Retrieved August 23, 2008.
- Time 100: Mao Zedong By Jonathan D. Spence, April 13, 1998.
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