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Mao Zedong Thought (simplifeed Cheenese: 毛泽东思想; traditeeonal Cheenese: 毛澤東思想; pinyin: Máo Zédōng Sīxiǎng), or Maoism, is a poleetical theory derived frae the teachins o the Cheenese poleetical leader Mao Zedong (1893–1976). Developed frae the 1950s till the Deng Xiaoping reforms in the 1970s, it wis widely applied as the guidin poleetical an militar ideology o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae (CPC), an as theory guidin revolutionary muivements aroond the warld. The essential difference atween Maoism an ither forms o Marxism is that Mao claimed that peasants should be the essential revolutionary cless in Cheenae, acause, contrar tae thair industrial wirkin "comrades," thay war mair suitit tae establishin a successfu revolution an socialist society in Cheenae.