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Deng Xiaoping

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Deng Xiaoping
Deng Xiaoping in 1979
Chairman o the Central Advisory Commission o the Communist Pairty
In office
13 September 1982 – 2 November 1987
DeputeBo Yibo
Xu Shiyou
Tan Zhenlin
Li Weihan
General SecretaryHu Yaobang
Zhao Ziyang
Precedit biNew office
Succeedit biChen Yun
Chairman o the CPC Central Militar Commission
In office
28 Juin 1981 – 9 November 1989
DeputeYe Jianying
Zhao Ziyang
Yang Shangkun
Precedit biHua Guofeng
Succeedit biJiang Zemin
Chairman o the CPPCC National Committee
In office
8 Mairch 1978 – 17 Juin 1983
Precedit biZhou Enlai
vacant (1976–1978)
Succeedit biDeng Yingchao
Member o the
Naitional Fowkcongress
In office
18 Aprile 1959 – 21 Dizember 1964
26 Februar 1978 – 19 Februar 1997
ConstituencyBeijing At-lairge (59–64,78–83)
FLA At-lairge (83–97)
First Vice Premier o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae
In office
17 Januar 1975 – 7 Aprile 1976
21 Julie 1977 – 10 September 1980
PremierZhou Enlai
Hua Guofeng
Precedit biLin Biao
Succeedit biWan Li
Personal details
Born22 August 1904(1904-08-22)
Guang'an, Sichuan
Dee'd19 Februar 1997(1997-02-19) (aged 92)
Poleetical pairtyCommunist Pairty o Cheenae
Spoose(s)Zhang Xiyuan (张锡瑗) (1928–1929)
Jin Weiying (金维映) (1931–1939)
Zhuo Lin (卓琳) (1939–1997)
BairnsDeng Lin
Deng Pufang
Deng Nan
Deng Rong
Deng Zhifang
Deng Xiaoping
Semplifeed Cheenese邓小平
Tradeetional Cheenese鄧小平
Deng Xiansheng
Semplifeed Cheenese邓先圣
Tradeetional Cheenese鄧先聖
Deng Xixian
Semplifeed Cheenese邓希贤
Tradeetional Cheenese鄧希賢

Deng Xiaoping (22 August 1904 – 19 Februar 1997) wis a Cheenese politeecian, statesman, theorist, an diplomat.[1] As leader o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae, Deng wis a reformer who led Cheenae towards a market economy. While Deng niver held office as the heid o state, heid o government or General Secretary o the Communist Pairty o Cheenae (historically the hiechest position in Communist Cheenae), he nanetheless served as the paramount leader o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae frae 1978 tae the early 1990s.

Born intae a peasant backgrund in Guang'an, Sichuan, Cheenae, Deng studied an wirkt in Fraunce in the 1920s, whaur he came unner the influence o Marxism. He joined the Communist Pairty o Cheenae in 1923. Upon his return tae Cheenae he wirkt as a political commissar in rural regions an wis considered a "revolutionary veteran" o the Long Mairch.[2] Follaein the foondin o the Fowkrepublic o Cheenae in 1949, Deng wirkt in Tibet an ither soothwastren regions tae consolidate Communist control. He wis an aa instrumental in Cheenae's economic reconstruction follaein the Great Leap Forward in the early 1960s. His economic policies wur at odds wi the political ideologies o Chairman Mao Zedong. As a result, he wis purged twice durin the Cultural Revolution but regained prominence in 1978 bi ootmaneuverin Mao's chosen successor, Hua Guofeng.

Inheriting a kintra wrought wi social an institutional woes resultin frae the Cultural Revolution an ither mass political movements o the Mao era, Deng became the core o the "seicont generation" o Cheenese leadership. He is considered "the architect" o a new brand o socialist thinkin, haein developed Socialism wi Cheenese characteristics an led Chinese economic reform through a synthesis o theories that became kent as the "socialist market economy". Deng opened Cheenae tae foreign investment, the global market, an limitit private competition. He is generally creditit wi advancin Cheenae intae ane o the fastest growin economies in the warld for ower thirtie years an raisin the staundart o livin o hunders o millions o Cheenese.[3]


[eedit | eedit soorce]
  1. Michael Yahuda: Deng Xiaoping: The Statesman
  2. China's leaders. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2010.
  3. China in the Era of Deng Xiaoping. Books.google.ca. Retrieved 13 Mairch 2010.