Democratic Republic o Timor-Leste
Motto: "Unidade, Acção, Progresso" (Portuguese)
"Unidade, Asaun, Progresu" (Tetum)
"Unity, Action, Progress"
and largest city
|96.9% Roman Catholic |
3.1% ither releegions
|Govrenment||Unitar semi-presidential constitutional republic|
• Unthirldom declared
|28 November 1975|
|17 Julie 1976|
• Admeenistered bi UNTAET
|25 October 1999|
• Unthirldom restored
|20 Mey 2002|
|15,410 km2 (5,950 sq mi) (154th)|
• Water (%)
• 2015 census
|78/km2 (202.0/sq mi)|
|GDP (PPP)||2017 estimate|
• Per capita
|GDP (nominal)||2014 estimate|
• Per capita
|HDI (2015)|| 0.605|
medium · 133rd
|Currency||Unitit States Dollarb (USD)|
|ISO 3166 code||TL|
East Timor, offeecially named Timor-Leste, (Tetum: Timór-Leste; offeecially the Democratic Republic o Timor-Leste) is a state in Sootheast Asie. It comprises the eastren hauf o the island o Timor, the nearby islands o Atauro an Jaco, an Oecusse, an exclave on the northwastren side o the island, athin Indonesian Wast Timor. The sma kintra o 15,410 km² (5,400 sq mi) is locatit aboot 640 km (400 mi) northwast o Darwin, Australie.
East Timor wis colonized bi Portugal in the 16t century, an wis kent as Portuguese Timor till Portugal's decolonization o the kintra. In late 1975, East Timor declared its independence, but later that year wis invadit an occupied bi Indonesie an wis declared Indonesie's 27t province the follaein year. In 1999, follaein the Unitit Naitions-sponsored act o self-determination, Indonesie relinquisht control o the territory an East Timor became the first new sovereign state o the 21st century on Mey 20, 2002. East Timor is ane o anerlie twa predominantly Roman Catholic kintras in Asie, the ither being the Philippines.
References[eedit | eedit soorce]
- "Volume 2: Population Distribution by Administrative Areas" (PDF). Population and Housing Census of Timor-Leste, 2010. Timor-Leste Ministry of Finance. p. 21.
- Hicks, David (15 September 2014). "Rhetoric and the Decolonization and Recolonization of East Timor". Routledge – via Google Books.
- Adelman, Howard (28 June 2011). "No Return, No Refuge: Rites and Rights in Minority Repatriation". Columbia University Press – via Google Books.
- Shoesmith, Dennis (March–April 2003). "Timor-Leste: Divided Leadership in a Semi-Presidential System" (PDF). Asian Survey. Berkeley: University of California Press. 43 (2): 231–252. doi:10.1525/as.2003.43.2.231. ISSN 0004-4687. OCLC 905451085. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
The semi-presidential system in the new state of Timor-Leste has institutionalized a political struggle between the president, Xanana Gusmão, and the prime minister, Mari Alkatiri. This has polarized political alliances and threatens the viability of the new state. This paper explains the ideological divisions and the history of rivalry between these two key political actors. The adoption of Marxism by Fretilin in 1977 led to Gusmão's repudiation of the party in the 1980s and his decision to remove Falintil, the guerrilla movement, from Fretilin control. The power struggle between the two leaders is then examined in the transition to independence. This includes an account of the politicization of the defense and police forces and attempts by Minister of Internal Administration Rogério Lobato to use disaffected Falintil veterans as a counterforce to the Gusmão loyalists in the army. The December 4, 2002, Dili riots are explained in the context of this political struggle.
- Neto, Octávio Amorim; Lobo, Marina Costa (2010). "Between Constitutional Diffusion and Local Politics: Semi-Presidentialism in Portuguese-Speaking Countries" (PDF). APSA 2010 Annual Meeting Paper. Social Science Research Network. SSRN 1644026. Retrieved 25 August 2017.
- Beuman, Lydia M. (2016). Political Institutions in East Timor: Semi-Presidentialism and Democratisation. Abingdon, Oxon: Routledge. ISBN 1317362128. LCCN 2015036590. OCLC 983148216. Retrieved 18 August 2017 – via Google Books.
- [deid airtin]
- "2015 Census shows population growth moderating". Government of Timor-Leste. 25 October 2015. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
- "Timor-Leste". The World Bank. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- "2016 Human Development Report" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. Retrieved 21 March 2017.
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