28t o December is the 362nt day o the year (363rd in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 3 days bidin.
1065 - Wastmeenster Abbey is consecratit.
1612 - Galileo Galilei observes the planet Neptune.
1832 - John C. Calhoun becomes the first Vice Preses o the Unitit States tae resign.
1836 - Sooth Australie is creatit.
1836 - Spain recognises the unthirldom o Mexico.
1846 - Iowa becomes the 29nt state o the Unitit States.
1867 - The Unitit States annexes Midway Atoll.
1879 - Tay Brig disaster: The Tay Rail Brig collapses as a train passes ower it, killin 75 fowk.
1895 - The Lumière brithers open their first cinema in Paris.
1908 - A yirdquauk in Messina, Sicily, kills thoosands o fowk.
1945 - The Unitit States Congress recognises the Pledge o Allegiance.
1950 - The Peak District becomes the first Naitional Park in the Unitit Kinrick.
1973 - Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn publishes his novel The Gulag Archipelago.
1984 - Rajiv Gandhi is electit Prime meenister o Indie.
1999 - Saparmurat Niyazov is declarit " Preses for Life" in Turkmenistan.
2007 - Nepal decides tae become a republic.
2009 - 43 fowk are kilt in a suicide bombin in Karachi, Pakistan.
2014 - Air Asia Flicht 8501 crashes near Borneo, killin aw passengers an crew on baird.
2014 - The ferry "MS Norman Atlantic" burns in the Strait o Otranto atween Greece an Italy, killin 9 fowk an leavin 19 missin.
2017 - 41 fowk are kilt in a bomb attack in Kabul, Afghanistan.
2017 - 12 fowk are kilt in a fire at an apairtment block in The Bronx, New York Ceety.
2019 - A truck bombin in Mogadishu, Somalie, kills at least 85 fowk. 2019 - The Unitit Kinrick's heichest-recordit December temperatur tae-date is measured as 18.7 degrees Celsius at Achfary in the Scots Hielands. This is due tae the Foehn effect, which causes wairmer an drier air on ane side o a muntain than on the ither.
1769 - Alexander John Forsyth, Scots Presbyterian clergyman an inventor (d. 1843)
1798 - Thomas Henderson, Scots astronomer (d. 1844)
1835 - Archibald Geikie, Scots geologist an writer (d. 1924)
1856 - Woodrow Wilson, 28t Preses o the Unitit States (d. 1924)
1882 - Arthur Eddington, Inglis astropheesicist (d. 1944)
1903 - John von Neumann, Hungarian-American mathemateecian (d. 1957)
1922 - Stan Lee, American comic beuk writer, airtist an publisher (d. 2018)
1932 - Nichelle Nichols, American actress
1934 - Alasdair Gray, Scots writer an airtist (d. 2019)
1934 - Dame Maggie Smith, Inglis actress
1938 - Anatoly Slivko, Roushie serial killer (d. 1989)
1939 - Frank McLintock, Scots fitbawer
1940 - Don Francisco, Chilean telly host
1954 - Denzel Washington, American actor
1955 - Liu Xiaobo, Cheenese human richts activist (d. 2017)
1962 - Quim Torra, Catalan politeecian
1969 - Linus Torvalds, Finnish computer programmer
1979 - Noomi Rapace, Swadish actress
1981 - Sienna Miller, American-Inglis actress
1984 - Martin Kaymer, German gowfer
1986 - Danny Swanson, Scots fitbawer
1989 - Salvador Sobral, Portuguese sangster 1994 - Adam Peaty, Inglis soummer
1633 - Maria Maddalena de' Medici, Princess o the Grand Duchy o Tuscany (b. 1600)
1694 - Mary II, Queen o Scots (b. 1662)
1706 - Pierre Bayle, French philosopher (b. 1647)
1734 - Rob Roy MacGregor, Scots fowk hero (b. 1671)
1782 - Princess Maria Carolina o Savoy (b. 1764)
1937 - Maurice Ravel, French componer (b. 1875)
1947 - Victor Emmanuel III o Italy (b. 1869)
1963 - Paul Hindemith, German componer (b. 1895)
2004 - Jerry Orbach, American actor (b. 1935)
2004 - Susan Sontag, American writer (b. 1933)
2015 - Lemmy Kilmister, Inglis muisicker ( Motörhead) (b. 1945) 2016 - Debbie Reynolds, American actress an sangster (b. 1932)