Banner o Belgium

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The naitional banner o Belgium (Dutch: Vlag van België, French: Drapeau de la Belgique, German: Flagge Belgiens) contains three equal vertical baunds o black (hoist side), yellow, an red. The colours wur taken frae the colours o the Duchy o Brabant, an the vertical design mey be based on the banner o Fraunce.

The naitional banner haes the unuisual proportions o 13:15, but is rarely seen. A banner in a 2:3 or similar ratio is uised in maist cases, even bi maist govrenment bodies.[1] The unuisual proportions o 13:15 are o unkent oreegin.[2]

Previous banners[eedit | eedit soorce]

Efter the daith o Charlemagne, the present-day territory o Belgium (except the Coonty o Flanders) became pairt o Lotharingie, which haed a banner o twa horizontal red stripes separatit bi a white stripe.[3] The territory then passed intae Spainyie haunds, an efter the coronation o Charles V, Holy Roman Emperor yellow an red, the colours o Spain, wur addit. Frae the 16t century tae the end o the 18t century, the colours o wha is nou Belgium wur red, white an yellow.[3] Occasionally the red cross o Burgundy wis placed on the white section o the banner.[3]

Durin the period o Austrian rule, a number o different banners wur tried, till the Austrian Emperor imposed the Austrian banner. The population o Brussels wis opposed tae this, an follaein the example o Fraunce, red, yellow an black cockades began tae appear; those being the colours o Brabant.[3] The colours thus correspond tae the red lion o Hainaut, Limburg an Luxembourg, the yellow lion o Brabant, an the black lion o Flanders an Namur.[3]

Independence an adoption o current banner[eedit | eedit soorce]

The oreeginal banner frae 1830

On August 26, 1830, the day aefter the riotin at the Brussels Opera, an the stairt o the Belgian Revolution the banner o Fraunce wis flown froae the ceety hall o Brussels. This wis hastily replaced bi a tricolour o red, yellow an black horizontal stripes made at a nearbi fabric store, similar tae the ane uised durin the Brabantian Revolution.[3] As a result, airticle 193 o the Constitution o Belgium describes the colours o the Belgian Nation as Red, Yellow an Black insteid o the order uised in the abuin offeecial banner.[2]

On Januar 23, 1831, the stripes wur chynged frae horizontal tae vertical, an October 12 saw the banner attain its modren form, wi the black placed at the hoist side o the banner.[3] It is suggestit that the chynge wis tae mair clearly distinguish the banner o Belgium frae the banner o the Netherlands, which an aa haes three horizontal stripes, especially important durin naval battles. Some think the chynge tae vertical wis a gesture o sympathy wi the French, again clearly separatin them frae the Dutch.[3]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. See for example the Belgian Federal Government's website, where they do not display the official proportions of the national flag: "Belgian Flags". Belgian Federal Government. 2008. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 "Belgium". Flags of the World. June 6, 2009. Retrieved October 3, 2009. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6 3.7 (French) Van den Bussche, E., Chief of Protocol, Belgian Federal Department of the Interior (2008). Noble Belgique, ô Mère chérie - LE PROTOCOLE EN BELGIQUE (PROTOCOL IN BELGIUM). Heule: Editions UGA. ISBN 9789067689359. 

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]