Charlemagne

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Charles the Great
Charlemagne denier Mayence 812 814.jpg
A coin o Charlemagne wi the inscription KAROLVS IMP AVG (Karolus Imperator Augustus)
Emperor an Augustus
Ring25 Dizember 800 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation25 Dizember 800
Auld St. Peter's Basilica, Roum
PredecessorPosition Established
SuccessorLouis I
Keeng o the Lombards
Ring10 Julie 774 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation10 Julie 774
Pavia
PredecessorDesiderius
SuccessorLouis I
Keeng o the Franks
Reing9 October 768 – 28 Januar 814
Coronation9 October 768
Noyon
PredecessorPepin the Short
SuccessorLouis I
Born2 Apryle 742/747/748[1]
Liège, Frankish Kinrick
Dee'd28 Januar 814(814-01-28) (aged 71)
Aachen, Holy Roman Empire
BuirialAachen Cathedral
Spouse
Issue
Amang ithers
HooseCarolingian
FaitherPepin the Short
MitherBertrada o Laon
ReleegionRoman Catholicism

Charlemagne (/ˈʃɑːrlmn/; 2 Apryle 742/747/748[1] – 28 Januar 814), kent as Charles the Great (German: Karl der Große;[2] [Carolus or Karolus Magnus] error: {{lang-xx}}: text has italic markup (help)) or Charles I, wis the Keeng o the Franks frae 768, the Keeng o Italy frae 774, an frae 800 the first emperor in wastren Europe syne the collapse o the Wastren Roman Empire three centuries earlier. The expandit Frankish state he foondit is cried the Carolingian Empire.

The auldest son o Pepin the Short an Bertrada o Laon, Charlemagne became king in 768 follaein the daith o his faither. He wis initially co-ruler wi his brither Carloman I. Carloman's sudden daith in 771 unner unexplained circumstances left Charlemagne as the undisputit ruler o the Frankish Kinrick. Charlemagne continued his faither's policy towards the papacy an became its protector, remuivin the Lombards frae pouer in northren Italy, an leadin a incursion intae Muslim Spain. He campaigned against the fowks tae his east an aw, Christianisin thaim upon penalty o daith, at times leadin tae events such as the Massacre o Verden. Charlemagne reached the hicht o his pouer in 800 when he wis crouned as "Emperor" bi Pape Leo III on Christenmas Day at Auld St. Peter's Basilica.

Cried the "Faither o Europe" (pater Europae),[3] Charlemagne's empire unitit maist o Wastren Europe for the first time syne the Roman Empire. His rule spurred the Carolingian Renaissance, a period o cultural an intellectual activity athin the Catholic Kirk. Baith the French and German monarchies considered their kinricks tae be stryndants o Charlemagne's empire.

Charlemagne dee'd in 814 efter haein ruled as Emperor for juist ower thirteen years. He wis laid tae rest in his imperial caipital o Aachen in the day's Germany. His son Louis the Pious succeedit him as Emperor.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

Footnotes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. a b Karl Ferdinand Werner: Das Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 1, 1973, pp. 115–157 (online Archived 2013-11-17 at the Wayback Machine);
    Matthias Becher: Neue Überlegungen zum Geburtsdatum Karls des Großen, in: Francia 19/1, 1992, pp. 37-60 (online Archived 2013-11-17 at the Wayback Machine);
    R. McKitterick: Charlemagne. Cambridge 2008, p. 72.
  2. Charlemagne, Encyclopedia Brittanica
  3. Papst Johannes Paul II (2004). "Ansprache von seiner Heiligkeit Papst Johannes Paul II" (in German). Internationaler Karlspreis zu Aachen. Archived frae the original on 17 Januar 2012. Retrieved 4 Januar 2014.