The 31st o Mey is the 151st day o the year (152nt in lowp years) in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 214 days ti come.
- 1669 - Samuel Pepys maks the last entry in his diary.
- 1859 - Big Ben chimes for the first time.
- 1889 - A flash flood in Johnstown, Pennsylvanie, kills 2,200 fowk.
- 1910 - Sooth Africae gains unthirldom.
- 1911 - The RMS Titanic is launched in Belfast.
- 1916 - Warld War I: The Battle o Jutland is focht.
- 1935 - A magnitude 7.7 yirdquauk strikes Quetta in present-day Pakistan, killin 40,000 fowk.
- 1941 - Warld War II: Luftwaffe raid on Dublin.
- 1946 - A yirdquauk in Turkey kills 1,200 fowk.
- 1962 - Sooth Africae becomes a republic.
- 1962 - The 1962 FIFA Warld Cup in Chile stairts.
- 1970 - The 1970 FIFA Warld Cup in Mexico stairts.
- 1970 - A major yirdquauk strikes the Ancash region o Peru. A major landslide buries the toun o Yungay.
- 1977 - The Trans-Alaska Pipeline is completit.
- 1985 - 41 tornadoes hit Ohio, killin 77 fowk.
- 2002 - The 2002 FIFA Warld Cup in Japan an Sooth Korea stairts; first-time pairteecipants Senegal defeat the defendin champions Fraunce 1-0 in the openin gemme.
- 2005 - W. Mark Felt is revealed as "Deep Throat", a major figure in Watergate scandal that brocht doon US Preses Richard Nixon in 1974.
- 2010 - Israeli commandos storm a Turkis aid flotilla. 9 activists are kilt.
- 2010 - German Preses Horst Koehler demits efter creeticism o comments he made on German militar operations in Afghanistan; Christian Wulff replaces him a month later.
- 2017 - A bomb attack in central Kabul, Afghanistan, kills at least 150 fowk.
- 2018 - The discovery o dunes o methane gas on the dwarf planet Pluto is propaled.
- 2018 - US Preses Donald Trump imposes tarriffs on products frae the European Union, Canadae an Mexico.
- 2019 - 12 fowk are shot deed bi thair colleague at a muneecipal biggin in Virginia Beach; he is shot deed in an exchange wi polis arrivin on the scene.
- 1557 - Feodor I o Roushie (d. 1598)
- 1773 - Ludwig Tieck, German poet an novelist (d. 1853)
- 1819 - Walt Whitman, American poet (d. 1892)
- 1857 - Pape Pius XI (d. 1939)
- 1860 - Archibald Thorburn, Scots penter (d. 1935)
- 1887 - Saint-John Perse, French poet an diplomat (d. 1975)
- 1908 - Don Ameche, American actor (d. 1993)
- 1923 - Rainier III, Prince o Monaco (d. 2005)
- 1925 - Frei Otto, German airchitect (d. 2015)
- 1930 - Clint Eastwood, American actor an director
- 1931 - John Robert Schrieffer, American pheesicist (d. 2019)
- 1935 - Harry Melrose, Scots fitbawer
- 1938 - John Prescott, umwhile Deputy Prime Meenister o the Unitit Kinrick
- 1943 - Sharon Gless, American actress
- 1945 - Laurent Gbagbo, umwhile Preses o Ivory Coast
- 1945 - Rainer Werner Fassbinder, German actor an director (d. 1982)
- 1948 - Svetlana Alexievich, Belaroushie jurnalist an writer
- 1948 - Lynda Bellingham, Inglis actress (d. 2014)
- 1949 - Tom Berenger, American actor
- 1950 - Edgar Savisaar, Estonie politeecian
- 1953 - Stuart Kennedy, Scots fitbawer
- 1963 - Viktor Orban, Prime meenister o Hungary
- 1964 - Billy Davies, Scots fitbawer an coach
- 1965 - Brooke Shields, American model an actress
- 1976 - Colin Farrell, Erse actor
- 1978 - Robert Rinder, Inglis creeminal law advocate an telly personality
- 1989 - Marco Reus, German fitbawer
- 455 - Petronius Maximus, Roman Emperor (b. 396)
- 1594 - Tintoretto, Italian penter (b. 1518)
- 1740 - Frederick I o Proushie (b. 1688)
- 1809 - Joseph Haydn, Austrick componer (b. 1732)
- 1847 - Thomas Chalmers, Scots pastor, social reformer, eddicator, writer an scientist (b. 1780)
- 1962 - Adolf Eichmann, German Nazi offeecial (b. 1906)
- 2010 - Louise Bourgeois, French-American airtist an sculptor (b. 1911)
- 2017 - Tino Insana, American actor (b. 1948)
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