The 1st o Februar is the 32nt day o the year in the Gregorian Calendar, wi 333 days ti come (334 in lowp years).
: Space Shuttle Columbia shortly afore disaster
- 1793 - French Revolutionary Wars: Fraunce declares war on Great Breetain an the Netherlands.
- 1814 - The Mayon Volcano in the Philippines erupts, killin 1,200 fowk.
- 1835 - Sclavery is banned in Mauritius.
- 1861 - Texas secedes frae the Unitit States.
- 1884 - The first volume o the Oxford Inglis Dictionary is published.
- 1904 - Iceland gains increased autonomy frae Denmark.
- 1908 - Lisbon Regicide: Keeng Carlos I o Portugal an Prince Luis Felipe are shot deed in Lisbon.
- 1918 - Roushie offeecially adopts the Gregorian calendar.
- 1946 - Trygve Lie is chosen tae acome the 1st Secretar-General o the Unitit Naitions.
- 1948 - The Federation o Malaya is creatit.
- 1953 - Floods affect the coasts o the Netherlands, Belgium an Ingland efter a storm in the nicht frae 31 Januar.
- 1958 - Egyp an Syria form the Unitit Arab Republic.
- 1970 - A train collision in Benavidez, Buenos Aires Province, Argentinae, kills 236 fowk.
- 1979 - Ayatollah Khomeini returns tae Iran frae exile.
- 1982 - Senegal an The Gambie form the loose "Senegambie" federation.
- 2003 - The Space Shuttle Columbia blows up ower Texas on re-entry tae the Yird, killin aw 7 astronauts on baird.
- 2004 - 251 fowk are kilt in a stampede at the Hajj Stampede in Mecca, Saudi Arabie.
- 2009 - Johanna Sigurdardottir acomes Prime meenister o Iceland, as the first naitional leader openly in a same-sex relationship.
- 2012 - Violence reupts efter a fitbaa match in Port Said, Egyp, killin at least 72 fowk.
- 2013 - The Shard in Lunnon offeecially opens.
- 1506 - George Buchanan, Scots humanist, filosofer, poet an historian (d. 1582)
- 1659 - Jacob Roggeveen, Dutch splorer (d. 1729)
- 1764 - George Duff, Scots naval afficer (d. 1805)
- 1874 - Hugo von Hofmannsthal, Austrick writer (d. 1929)
- 1882 - Louis St. Laurent, 12t Prime meenister o Canadae (d. 1973)
- 1901 - Clark Gable, American actor (d. 1960)
- 1902 - Langston Hughes, American poet (d. 1967)
- 1915 - Stanley Matthews, Inglis fitbawer (d. 2000)
- 1918 - Muriel Spark, Scots novelist (d. 2006)
- 1921 - Peter Sallis, Inglis actor (d. 2017)
- 1931 - Boris Yeltsin, 1st Preses o Roushie (d. 2007)
- 1946 - Elisabeth Sladen, Inglis actress (d. 2011)
- 1951 - John McNally, Scots politeecian
- 1952 - Roger Y. Tsien, Cheenese-American biochemist (d. 2016)
- 1965 - Princess Stephanie o Monaco
- 1969 - Gabriel Batistuta, Argentine fitbawer
- 1971 - Michael C. Hall, American actor
- 1972 - Leymah Gbowee, Liberian activist
- 1976 - Katrin Jakobsdottir, Prime meenister o Iceland
- 1984 - Darren Fletcher, Scots fitbawer
- 1986 - Jorrit Bergsma, Dutch speed skater
- 1994 - Harry Styles, Inglis sangster
- 1999 - Liam Burt, Scots fitbawer
Crew o the Space
- 1328 - Charles IV o Fraunce (b. 1294)
- 1691 - Pape Alexander VIII (b. 1610)
- 1733 - Augustus II the Strang, Keeng o Poland (b. 1670)
- 1851 - Mary Shelley, Inglis novelist (b. 1797)
- 1908 - Lisbon Regicide:
- 1944 - Piet Mondrian, Dutch airtist (b. 1872)
- 1958 - Clinton Davisson, American pheesicist (b. 1881)
- 1966 - Buster Keaton, American actor (b. 1895)
- 1976 - Werner Heisenberg, German pheesicist (b. 1901)
- 1986 - Alva Myrdal, Swadish sociologist an politeecian (b. 1902)
- 2003 - Astronauts on the Space Shuttle Columbia:
- 2004 - Ally MacLeod, Scots fitbawer an manager (b. 1931)
- 2014 - Maximilian Schell, Austrick-Swiss actor (b. 1930)
- 2015 - Aldo Ciccolini, Italian-French pianist (b. 1925)
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