The Shard

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The Shard
London 01 2013 the Shard London Bridge 5205.JPG
The Shard in Januar 2013
General information
Location32 Joiner street, Southwark
Lunnon, Ingland
Coordinates51°30′16″N 0°05′11″W / 51.5045°N 0.0865°W / 51.5045; -0.0865Coordinates: 51°30′16″N 0°05′11″W / 51.5045°N 0.0865°W / 51.5045; -0.0865
Biggin stairtitMairch 2009
CompletitJulie 2012 (opened Februar 2013)[1]
Cost~£435 million (contract cost anly)[2]
Antenna spire306 m (1,004 ft)[3]
Ruif304.1 m (998 ft)[4]
Technical details
Fluir coont87 (includin plant fluirs)
72 (habitable)
Fluir aurie110,000 m2 (1,200,000 sq ft)
Design an construction
AirchitectRenzo Piano
DeveloperSellar Property Group
Structural ingineerEC Harris (project managers), WSP Cantor Seinuk (structural ingineers), Robert Bird Group (concrete temporary wirks), Ischebeck Titan on maist fluirs 40+ (concrete support)
Services ingineerArup
Main contractorMace

The Shard,[a] an aa referred tae as the Shard o Glass,[7][8] Shard Lunnon Brig[9] an umwhile Lunnon Brig Touer,[10][11][12] is an 87-storey skyscraper in Lunnon that forms pairt o the Lunnon Brig Quarter development. The Shard's construction began in Mairch 2009; it wis tapped oot on 30 Mairch 2012[13] an inaugurated on 5 Julie 2012.[14] Practical completion wis achieved in November 2012.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. The biggin's operators offeecially stylise its name as The Shard, wi the word "the" capitalised.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Shard Opens Viewing Deck To Visitors". Sky News. 2 Februar 2013. Retrieved 2 Februar 2013.
  2. "The Shard, London: Cost of Europe's Tallest Building". 15 Julie 2012. Retrieved 15 November 2012.
  3. a b "The Shard – The Skyscraper Center". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 26 Apryle 2013.
  4. Piano, Renzo (2013). The Shard: London Bridge Tower (in English and Italian). Matador. p. 74. ISBN 978-88-6264-006-0.CS1 maint: unrecognised leid (link)
  5. The Shard: The Official Guidebook. Thames & Hudson (2013). p.22. ISBN: 9780500342848.
  6. The Shard at Emporis. Retrieved 27 November 2012.
  7. Bar-Hillel, Mira (24 Februar 2009). "£28bn Shard of Glass to start its ascent". London Evening Standard. Archived frae the original on 27 Mey 2010. Retrieved 7 Julie 2010.
  8. "Work starts on Shard of Glass". New Civil Engineer. 2 Apryle 2009. Retrieved 7 Julie 2010.
  9. "London Bridge Tower, London". 15 Juin 2011. Retrieved 6 Julie 2012.
  10. Weaver, Matt (15 Apryle 2003). "Battle begins for London Bridge Tower". The Guardian. London. Retrieved 6 Februar 2013.
  11. "Shard funding crisis: Tower finances cast shadow over project". World Architecture News. 10 September 2007. Retrieved 7 Julie 2010.
  12. "Why do tall buildings have such silly names?". BBC News. 26 November 2010. Retrieved 27 November 2010.
  13. "Shard Tops Out". 30 Mairch 2012. Retrieved 2 Apryle 2012.
  14. "Shards of light cut through the sky above London in dress rehearsal for opening ceremony of Europe's tallest building". Daily Mail. 4 July 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2013.