Aung San Suu Kyi

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Aung San Suu Kyi

အောင်ဆန်းစုကြည်၊ ဒေါ်
Aung San Suu Kyi in September 2016
State Coonsellor o Myanmar
In office
6 Aprile 2016 – 1 Februar 2021
PresesHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (actin)
Win Myint
Precedit biThein Sein (Prime Meenister, 2011)
Succeedit biMin Aung Hlaing (Preses o the State Administration Cooncil)
Meenister o Foreign Affairs
In office
30 Mairch 2016 – 1 Februar 2021
PresesHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (actin)
Win Myint
DeputeKyaw Tin
Precedit biWunna Maung Lwin
Succeedit biWunna Maung Lwin
Meenister o the Preses' Office
In office
30 March 2016 – 1 Februar 2021
PresesHtin Kyaw
Myint Swe (actin)
Win Myint
Precedit biAung Min
Hla Tun
Soe Maung
Soe Thein
Thein Nyunt
Succeedit biVacant
Preses o the Naitional League for Democracy
Assumed office
18 November 2011
Precedit biAung Shwe
Leader o the Opposeetion
In office
2 Mey 2012 – 29 Januar 2016
PresesThein Sein
Precedit biSai Hla Kyaw
General Secretar o the Naitional League for Democracy
In office
27 September 1988 – 18 November 2011
Precedit biPosition established
Succeedit biPosition abolished
Member o the Burmese Hoose o Representatives
for Kawhmu
In office
2 Mey 2012 – 30 Mairch 2016
Precedit biSoe Tint
Succeedit biVacant
Majority46,73 (71.38%)
Personal details
Born (1945-06-19) 19 Juin 1945 (age 78)
Rangoon, Breetish Burma
(nou Yangon)
Poleetical pairtyNaitional League for Democracy
Spoose(s)Michael Aris (m. 1971; weed. 1999)
RelationsAung San (faither)
Khin Kyi (mither)
Alma materVarsity o Delhi
St Hugh's College, Oxford
SOAS, Varsity o Lunnon
ReligionTheravada Buddhism
AwairdsRafto Prize
Nobel Peace Prize
Jawaharlal Nehru Awaird
Internaitional Simón Bolívar Prize
Olof Palme Prize
Bhagwan Mahavir Warld Peace
Congressional Gowd Medal

Aung San Suu Kyi MP AC (Burmese: ; MLCTS: aung hcan: cu. krany, /ŋˌsæn.sˈ/,[1] Burmese pronunciation: [àʊɴ sʰáɴ sṵ tɕì]; born 19 Juin 1945) is a Burmese politeecian, umwhile State Coonsellor (de-facto leader o Myanmar) an chairperson o the Naitional League for Democracy (NLD) in Burma. In the 1990 general election, the NLD wan 59% o the naitional votes an 81% (392 of 485) o the seats in Parliament.[2][3][4][5][6][7][8] She haed, houiver, already been detained unner hoose arrest afore the elections. She remained unner hoose reest in Burma for almaist 15 o the 21 years frae 20 Julie 1989 till her maist recent release on 13 November 2010,[9] acomin ane o the warld's maist prominent poletical prisoners.[10]

Suu Kyi received the Rafto Prize an the Sakharov Prize for Freedom o Thocht in 1990 an the Nobel Peace Prize in 1991. In 1992 she wis awairdit the Jawaharlal Nehru Awaird for Internaitional Unnerstaundin bi the govrenment o Indie an the Internaitional Simón Bolívar Prize frae the govrenment o Venezuela. In 2007, the Govrenment o Canadae made her an honorary ceetizen o that kintra,[11] the fowerth person ever tae receive the honour.[12] In 2011, she wis awairdit the Wallenberg Medal.[13] On 19 September 2012, Aung San Suu Kyi wis an aa presentit wi the Congressional Gowd Medal, which is, alang wi the Presidential Medal o Freedom, the heichest civilian honour in the Unitit States.[14]

On 1 Aprile 2012, her pairty, the Naitional League for Democracy, annoonced that she wis elected tae the Pyithu Hluttaw, the lawer hoose o the Burmese parliament, representin the constituency o Kawhmu;[15] her pairty an aa wan 43 o the 45 vacant seats in the lawer hoose.[16] The election results wur confirmed bi the offeecial electoral commission the followin day.[17]

On 6 Juin 2013, Suu Kyi annoonced on the Warld Economic Forum’s wabsteid that she wants tae run for the presidency in Myanmar's 2015 elections.[18] She wisnae permittit tae run for Preses acause her sons are Breetish ceetizens; instead o acomin Preses, she acame State Coonsellor o Myanmar (de-facto leader o the kintra) in 2016, efter her pairty won the previous year's walin.

Syne acomin State Coonsellor, Suu Kyi haes faced internaitional creeticism ower her inaction on the persecution an killins o the Rohingya fowk in the wastren-Burmese Rakhine State an the resultin humanitarian creesis. Mony awairds were strippit frae her, incluidin the Freedom o the Ceety o Glesga, while ither Nobel Peace Prize laureates the Dalai Lama, Desmond Tutu an Malala Yousafzai creeticised her response tae the creesis.

Suu Kyi's Naitional League for Democracy won elections in 2020, but wis oustit in a militar coup on 1 Februar 2021.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Aung San Suu Kyi". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Archived frae the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 19 Juin 2012. Archived 2011-12-17 at the Wayback Machine "Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 17 December 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) Archived 2011-12-17 at the Wayback Machine
  2. Aung San Suu Kyi should lead Burma, Pravda Online. 25 September 2007
  3. The Next United Nations Secretary-General: Time for a Woman Archived 2016-03-04 at the Wayback Machine. Equality November 2005.
  4. MPs to Suu Kyi: You are the real PM of Burma. The Times of India. 13 June 2007
  5. Walsh, John. (February 2006). Letters from Burma Archived 2015-06-30 at the Wayback Machine. Shinawatra International University.
  6. Deutsche Welle Article: Sentence for Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi sparks outrage and cautious hope Quote: The NLD won a convincing majority in elections in 1990, the last remotely fair vote in Burma. That would have made Suu Kyi the prime minister, but the military leadership immediately nullified the result. Now her party must decide whether to take part in a poll that shows little prospect of being just.
  7. Sharpe, Penny. "Daw Aung San Suu Kyi". Penny Sharpe MLC. Archived frae the original on 30 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 16 Juin 2013. In 1990, Suu Kyi stood as the National League for Democracy's candidate for Prime Minister in the Burmese general election. The NLD won in a landslide but the military junta refused to hand over power."Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 30 Mairch 2010. Retrieved 13 September 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  8. twist in Aung San Suu Kyi's fate Article: How a Missouri Mormon may have thwarted democracy in Myanmar. By Patrick Winn — GlobalPost Quote: "Suu Kyi has mostly lived under house arrest since 1990, when the country's military junta refused her election to the prime minister's seat. The Nobel Peace Laureate remains backed by a pro-democracy movement-in-exile, many of them also voted into a Myanmar parliament that never was." Published: 21 May 2009 00:48 ETBANGKOK, Thailand
  9. Burma releases Aung San Suu Kyi. BBC News, 13 November 2010.
  10. Aye Aye Win, Myanmar's Suu Kyi Released From Hospital, Associated Press (via the Washington Post, 10 June 2006.
  11. "Canada makes Myanmar's Suu Kyi an honorary citizen". Reuters. 17 October 2007. Retrieved 28 December 2010.
  12. "Update: Mawlana Hazar Imam is made an honorary citizen of Canada". The Ismaili. 19 Juin 2009. Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2011. Retrieved 28 December 2010. Unknown parameter |deadurl= ignored (help)"Archived copy". Archived frae the original on 4 Januar 2011. Retrieved 13 September 2022.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  13. Recipients of the Wallenberg Medal Archived 2014-02-19 at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2 April 2012.
  14. "Burma's Aung San Suu Kyi given US Congressional medal". 19 Julie 2012.
  15. Fuller, Thomas, Democracy Advocate Elected to Myanmar’s Parliament, Her Party Says, The New York Times, 1 April 2012.
  16. "Burmese Parliamentary Elections". Voice of America News. 4 Apryle 2012. Retrieved 5 Apryle 2012.
  17. NLD Claims Suu Kyi Victory, The Irrawaddy, 4 April 2012.
  18. Maierbrugger, Arno (6 Juin 2013). "Suu Kyi wants to run for president". Inside Investor. Archived frae the original on 10 Juin 2013. Retrieved 7 Juin 2013.

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