Leet o Warld Heritage Steids in the Arab states

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This is a leet o Warld Heritage Steids in the Arab states,[1] in Wastren Asie an North Africae, occupyin an area stretchin frae the Atlantic Ocean in the wast tae the Arabian Sea in the east, an frae the Mediterranean Sea.

Leet[eedit | eedit soorce]

The leet ablo contains an eemage o the steid or pairt o the steid; the name as inscrievit bi UNESCO; the location; the nominatin state pairty; the criteria met bi the steid, includin gin it is a cultural, naitural or mixed; the area in hectares an acres, excludin ony buffer zones, wi a value o zero implying that nae data is furthset bi UNESCO; the year the steid wis inscrievit; an a descrievin o the steid.

  † In danger
Steid Eemage Location Criteria Area
ha (acre)
Year Descrievin
Beni Hammad Fort Maadid.jpg AlgerieM'sila Province,
 Algerie
35°48′50″N 04°47′36″E / 35.81389°N 4.79333°E / 35.81389; 4.79333
Cultural:AlgDje
(iii)
150 (370) 1980 In a moontainous steid o extraordinary beauty, the ruins o the first caipital o the Hammadid emirs, foondit in 1007 an demolished in 1152, provide an authentic picture o a fortified Muslim ceety. The mosque, thats prayer room haes 13 aisles wi aicht bays, is ane o the mucklest in Algerie.

. Beni Hammad Fort is near the toun o Maadid (aka Maadhid), aboot 225 kilometres (140 mi) sootheast o Algiers..[2]

Djémila GM Djemila Roman Theatre02.jpg AlgerieSétif Province,
 Algerie
36°19′14″N 5°44′12″E / 36.32056°N 5.73667°E / 36.32056; 5.73667
Cultural:AlgDje
(iii)(iv)
31 (77) 1982 Djémila (umwhile kent as Cuicul) wis a Roman toun in a moontainous steid, comprisin a forum, temples, basilicas, triumphal airches an releegious biggins an ither structures, ilka adaptit tae a location 900 m (3,000 ft) abuin sea level.[3]
Kasbah o Algiers Ruellecasbah.jpg AlgeriaAlgiers Province,
 Algerie
36°47′00″N 3°03′37″E / 36.78333°N 3.06028°E / 36.78333; 3.06028
Cultural:AlgKas
(ii)(v)
50 (120) 1982 The Kasbah o Algiers is a unique Islamic ceety on the Mediterranean coast. It contains remains o a citadel, medieval mosques an Ottoman palaces.[4]
M'zab Valley Ghardaia.jpg AlgerieGhardaïa Province,
 Algerie
32°29′00″N 3°41′00″E / 32.48333°N 3.68333°E / 32.48333; 3.68333
Cultural:AlgMzb
(ii)(iii)(v)
4,000 (9,900) 1982 The intact, tradeetional human habitat wis biggit aroond five ksour o the M'zab Valley in the 10t yeirhunner bi the Ibadites.[5]
Tassili n'Ajjer Sunrise Djanet.jpg AlgeriaIllizi an Tamanrasset Provinces,
 Algerie
25°30′00″N 9°00′00″E / 25.50000°N 9.00000°E / 25.50000; 9.00000
Mixed:AlgTas
(i)(iii)(vii)(viii)
7,200,000 (18,000,000) 1982 A vast plateau on the edge o the Sahara, Tassili n'Ajjer contains mair nor 15,000 cave engravings that record climatic chynges, ainimal migrations, an the evolution o human life, datin frae 6,000 BCE til the first yeirhunners CE. It is noted for its erodit sandstone landforms an aw.[6]
Timgad Timgad la ville.jpg AlgeriaBatna Province,
 Algerie
35°27′00″N 6°38′00″E / 35.45000°N 6.63333°E / 35.45000; 6.63333
Cultural:AlgTim
(ii)(iii)(iv)
91 (220) 1982 Established bi Emperor Trajan in 100 CE as a militar colony, Timgad features cardo an decumanus streets, consteetutin a teepical ensaumple o Roman toun-plannin.[7]
Tipasa Tipasa remain 2.JPG AlgeriaTipaza Province,
 Algerie
36°32′00″N 2°22′00″E / 36.53333°N 2.36667°E / 36.53333; 2.36667
Cultural:AlgTip
(iii)(iv)
52 (130) 1982 Previously a Carthaginian tredin centre, Tipasa wis conquered bi the Romans an convertit intae a militar base. The steid bears witness tae paleochristian an Byzantine influences an aw.[8]
Dilmun Burial Moonds A'ali Burial Mounds.jpg BahrainNorthren Govrenorate,
 Bahrain
26°8′59″N 50°30′46″E / 26.14972°N 50.51278°E / 26.14972; 50.51278
Cultural:BahDil
(iii)(iv)
168.45 (416.2) 2019 Locatit in the wastren pairt o Bahrain Island, Dilmun Burial Moonds date back tae the Dilmun, the Umm al-Nar culture. Thay war biggit atween 2050 an 1750 BCE include 21 aircheologeecal steids wi mair nor 11 K burial moonds an 17 ryal moonds biggit as 2-storeyed buirial touers.[9]
Qal'at al-Bahrain – Auncient Harbour an Caipital o Dilmun Bahrain Fort 7.jpg BahrainNorthren Govrenorate,
 Bahrain
26°13′59″N 50°31′38″E / 26.23306°N 50.52722°E / 26.23306; 50.52722
Cultural:BahQal
(ii)(iii)(iv)
32 (79) 2005 Qal'at al-Bahrain wis the caipital o the Dilmun ceevilisation, bearin witness tae continuous human occupation frae circa 2300 BC tae the present. A Portuguese fort staunds on the tap o the steid.[10]
Pearlin, Testimony o an Island Economy Isa Bin Ali House.jpg Bahrain Bahrain
26°14′28″N 50°36′49″E / 26.24111°N 50.61361°E / 26.24111; 50.61361
Cultural:BahPea
(iii)
35,087 (86,700) 2012 Conseestin o biggins in Muharraq, oyster beds, a segment o the coast an a fortress, the steid testifies tae the pearlin tradeetion that dominatit the Arabian Gulf frae the 2nt yeirhunner til the early 20t yeirhunner, whan the introduction o cultured pearls frae Japan resultit in the crash o pearlin economy in Bahrain.[11]
Abu Mena Abu Mena Ancient Monastery 05.JPG EgypAlexandria Govrenorate,
 Egyp
30°51′00″N 29°40′00″E / 30.85000°N 29.66667°E / 30.85000; 29.66667
Cultural:EgyAbu
(iv)
183 (450) 1979 The ruins o the umwhile Christian halt ceety contain a kirk, a baptistery, basilicas, public biggins, streets, monasteries, hooses, an workshops, an wis biggit ower the tomb o Menas o Alexandria.[12]
Auncient Thebes wi its Necropolis Hatshetsup-temple-1by7.jpg EgypLuxor Govrenorate,
 Egyp
25°44′00″N 32°36′00″E / 25.73333°N 32.60000°E / 25.73333; 32.60000
Cultural:EgyAnc
(i)(iii)(vi)
7,390 (18,300) 1979 The umwhile caipital o Egyp an the ceety o Amun, Thebes contains temples an palaces at Karnak an Luxor, as weel as the necropolises at the Valley o the Keengs an the Valley o the Queens, bearin witness tae the hicht o the Egyptian ceevilisation.[13]
Historic Cairo Islamic Cairo (2005-05-385).jpg EgypCairo Govrenorate,
 Egyp
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
Cultural:EgyHis
(i)(v)(vi)
524 (1,290) 1979 Ane o the warld's auldest Islamic ceeties an in the middle o urban Cairo, the steid dates frae the 10t yeirhunner an reached its gowden age in the 14t yeirhunner. It contains mosques, madrasah, hammams an foontains.[14]
Memphis an its Necropolis – the Pyramid Fields frae Giza tae Dahshur All Gizah Pyramids.jpg EgypGiza Govrenorate,
 Egyp
30°03′00″N 31°15′40″E / 30.05000°N 31.26111°E / 30.05000; 31.26111
Cultural:EgyHis
(i)(v)(vi)
16,358.52 (40,422.8) 1979 The caipital o the Auld Kinrick o Egyp haes some extraordinary funerary moniments, includin rock tombs, ornate mastabas, temples an pyramids. In ancient times, the steid wis conseedert ane o the Seiven Wunners o the Warld.[15]
Nubian Monuments frae Abu Simbel tae Philae Abu Simbel, both temples, Egypt, Oct 2004.jpg EgypAswan Govrenorate,
 Egyp
22°20′11″N 31°37′34″E / 22.33639°N 31.62611°E / 22.33639; 31.62611
Cultural:EgyNub
(i)(iii)(vi)
374 (920) 1979 Locatit alang the Nile, the steid contains monuments sic as the Temple o Ramesses II at Abu Simbel an the Sanctuary o Isis at Philae, saufed frae bein submerged bi Loch Nasser as a result o the construction o the Aswan Dam.[16]
Saunt Catherine Area Katharinenkloster Sinai BW 2.jpg EgypSooth Sinai Govrenorate,
 Egyp
28°33′22″N 33°58′32″E / 28.55611°N 33.97556°E / 28.55611; 33.97556
Cultural:EgySai
(i)(iii)(iv)(vi)
60,100 (149,000) 2002 The orthodox monastery o Saunt Catherine is amang the auldest Christian monasteries still in function. Datin frae the 6t yeirhunner, it is poseetioned near Mount Horeb whaur, accordin tae the Auld Testament, Moses received the Tablets o the Law. The region is saucrit for Christians, Muslims an Jews.[17]
Wadi Al-Hitan (Whale Valley) Whale skeleton 2.jpg EgypFaiyum Govrenorate,
 Egyp
29°20′00″N 30°11′00″E / 29.33333°N 30.18333°E / 29.33333; 30.18333
Natural:EgyWad
(viii)
20,015 (49,460) 2005 Locatit in wastren Egyp, Wadi Al-Hitan contains fossil remains o the nou extinct Archaeoceti, mappin the evolution o the whales frae a laund-based tae an aquatic mammal.[18]
The Ahwar o Soothren Iraq: Refuge o Biodiversity an the Relict Laundscape o the Mesopotamian Ceeties Ur-Nassiriyah.jpg Irq Iraq
31°33′44″N 47°39′28″E / 31.56222°N 47.65778°E / 31.56222; 47.65778
Mixed:IrqAhw
(iii)(v)(ix)(x)
211,544 (522,740) 2016 Locatit in soothren Iraq, the steid contains three ceeties o Sumerian oreegin, namely Uruk, Ur an Eridu, in addition tae fower wetland area in the Iraqi Marshlands.[19]
Babylon US Navy 030529-N-5362A-001 A U.S. Marine Corps Humvee vehicle drives down a road at the foot of Saddam Hussein's former Summer palace with ruins of ancient Babylon in the background.jpg IraqBabil Govrenorate,
 Iraq
32°32′31.09″N 44°25′15″E / 32.5419694°N 44.42083°E / 32.5419694; 44.42083
Cultural:IrqBab
(iii)(vi)
1,054.3 (2,605) 2019 [20]
Erbil Citadel Hawler Castle.jpg IrqArbil Govrenorate,  Iraq
36°11′28″N 44°00′33″E / 36.19111°N 44.00917°E / 36.19111; 44.00917
Cultural:IrqErb
(iv)
16 (40) 2014 Situatit on the tap o a tell in Iraqi an owerleukin the ceety o Erbil, the Erbil Citadel consteetutes a teepical ensaumple o Ottoman-era urban-planning. In addeetion tae its 19t century fortifeecations, the steid contains remains datin back tae the Assirian period an aw.[21]
Ashur (Qal'at Sherqat) Flickr - The U.S. Army - www.Army.mil (218).jpg IrqSalah ad Din Govrenorate,
 Iraq
35°27′32″N 43°15′35″E / 35.45889°N 43.25972°E / 35.45889; 43.25972
Cultural:IrqAsh
(iii)(iv)
70 (170) 2003 Locatit on the Tigris an datin frae the 3rd millennium BCE, Ashur wis the first caipital o the Assirian Empire an the releegious centre o the Assirians. Follaein its destruction bi the Babylonians, the ceety wis briefly revived durin the Parthian period.[22]
Hatra Hatra ruins.jpg IrqNinawa Govrenorate,
 Iraq
35°35′17″N 42°43′06″E / 35.58806°N 42.71833°E / 35.58806; 42.71833
Cultural:IrqHat
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
324 (800) 1985 The fortified Parthian ceety o Hatra withstuid repeatit attacks bi the Roman Empire in the 2nt yeirhunner. Its airchitectur reflects baith Hellenistic an Roman influences.[23]
Samarra Aircheological Ceety The spiral minaret in Samarra.jpg IrqSalah ad Din Govrenorate,
 Iraq
34°20′28″N 43°49′25″E / 34.34111°N 43.82361°E / 34.34111; 43.82361
Cultural:IrqSam
(ii)(iii)(iv)
15,058 (37,210) 2007 Locatit on the Tigris, the Islamic ceety of Samarra wis the caipital o the Abbasid Caliphate. It contains twa o the lairgest mosques an seiveral o the mucklest palaces in the Islamic warld, in addeetion tae bein amang the finest ensaumple o Abbasid-era toun-plannin.[24]
Bapteesm Steid "Bethany Beyond the Jordan" (Al-Maghtas) Bethany (5).JPG Jor
 Jordan
31°50′14″N 35°33′10″E / 31.83722°N 35.55278°E / 31.83722; 35.55278
Cultural:JorBap
(iii)(vi)
294 (730) 2015 Situatit on the Jordan River, Al-Maghtas is conseedert the location o the Bapteesm o Jesus bi John the Baptist. A Christian pilgrimage steid, it contains remains o Roman an Byzantine kirks, chapels, a monastery, caves an pools.[25]
Petra Al Khazneh (The Treasury) - Petra, Jordan - 14 Oct. 2009.jpg JorMa'an Govrenorate,
 Jordan
30°19′50″N 35°26′36″E / 30.33056°N 35.44333°E / 30.33056; 35.44333
Cultural:JorPet
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 The Nabataean ceety o Petra wis a major tredin hub atween Arabie, Egyp an Sirie-Phoenicie, famed for its rock-cut airchitectur as weel as its minin an watter engineerin seestems.[26]
Quseir Amra Qusayr Amra.jpg JorZarqa Govrenorate,
 Jordan
31°48′7″N 36°35′9″E / 31.80194°N 36.58583°E / 31.80194; 36.58583
Cultural:JorQus
(i)(iii)(iv)
1985 The desert castle o Quseir Amra wis biggit in the early 8t yeirhunner, an haed served baith as a fortress an an Umayyad ryal pailace. The steid awso notit for its extensive frescoes, consteetitim an important an unique ensaumple o early Islamic airt.[27]
Um er-Rasas (Kastrom Mefa'a) Umm Rasas House ruins.JPG JorMadaba Govrenorate,
 Jordan
31°30′6″N 35°55′14″E / 31.50167°N 35.92056°E / 31.50167; 35.92056
Cultural:JorUme
(i)(iv)(vi)
24 (59) 2005 Established as a Roman militar camp, Um er-Rasas grew intae a settlement bi the 5t yeirhunner, inhabitit successively bi Christian an Islamic communities. The maistly unexcavatit steid contains ruins o Roman fortifeecations, kirks wi weel-preserved mosaic fluirs an twa stylite touers.[28]
Wadi Rum Protectit Aurie GabelRum01 ST 07.JPG Jor Jordan
29°38′23″N 35°26′02″E / 29.63972°N 35.43389°E / 29.63972; 35.43389
Mixed:JorWad
(iii)(v)(vii)
74,180 (183,300) 2005 Situatit in soothren Jordan, Wadi Rum features a great variety o desert laundforms includin saundstone valleys, naitural arches, gorges, cliffs, laundslides an caverns. The steid awso contains extensive rock airt, inscriptions an archaeological remains, bearin witness tae mair nor 12,000 years of continuous human habitation.[29]
Anjar Anjar - Cardo vu du nord 2.jpg LbnBeqaa Govrenorate,
 Lebanon
33°43′33″N 35°55′47″E / 33.72583°N 35.92972°E / 33.72583; 35.92972
Cultural:LbnAnj
(iii)(iv)
1984 Established in the early 8t yeirhunner, the ceety o Anjar wis quick abandoned follaein the faw o the Umayyad Caliphate, leavin ahint ruins o waws, touers, pailaces, mosques an baths, consteetutin an ensaumple o Umayyad period toun-planning.[30]
Baalbek Baalbek-Bacchus.jpg LbnBaalbek-Hermel Govrenorate,
 Lebanon
34°00′25″N 36°12′18″E / 34.00694°N 36.20500°E / 34.00694; 36.20500
Cultural:LbnBal
(i)(iv)
1984 Previously kent as Heliopolis, the Phoenician ceety o Baalbek hosts some o the mucklest an best preserved Roman temples, includin the Temples o Jupiter, Venus an Bacchus.[31]
Byblos ByblosPort.jpg LbnMoont Lebanon Govrenorate,
 Lebanon
34°07′09″N 35°38′51″E / 34.11917°N 35.64750°E / 34.11917; 35.64750
Cultural:LbnByb
(iii)(iv)(vi)
1984 Continuously inhabitit syne the Neolithic Era, Byblos wis ane o the auldest ceeties o Phoenician oreegin. It haes syne witness Persie, Roman, Crusader an Ottoman occupation, ilka exertin influence upon its airchitectur. Byblos awso played a signifeecant role in the diffusion o the Phoenician alphabet.[32]
Ouadi Qadisha (the Haly Valley) an the Forest o the Cedars o God (Horsh Arz el-Rab) Qadisha.jpg LbnNorth Lebanon Govrenorate,
 Lebanon
34°14′36″N 36°02′56″E / 34.24333°N 36.04889°E / 34.24333; 36.04889
Cultural:LbnOua
(iii)(iv)
1998 The Qadisha Valley haes gien shelter for Christian communities syne the beginnings o Christianity, hostin a lairge nummer o monasteries an hermitages. The Forest o the Cedars o God is amang the last locations whaur Cedrus libani still graws, historically ane o the maist prized construction materials.[33]
Tyre TyreAlMina.jpg LbnSooth Lebanon Govrenorate,
 Lebanon
33°16′19″N 35°11′40″E / 33.27194°N 35.19444°E / 33.27194; 35.19444
Cultural:LbnTyr
(iii)(vi)
154 (380) 1984 The ancient Phoenician ceety o Tyre wis ane o the foremaist maritime pouers in the eastren Mediterranean an reportitly whaur purple dye wis discovert. Extant airchaeological remains mainly date back tae Roman times, includin baths, an arena, a colonnaded road, a triumphal airch, an aqueduct an a hippodrome.[34]
Archaeological Steid o Cyrene Cyrene8.jpg LibJabal al Akhdar,
 Libie
32°49′30″N 21°51′30″E / 32.82500°N 21.85833°E / 32.82500; 21.85833
Cultural:LibArcCyr
(ii)(iii)(vi)
1982 The formerly Greek colony o Cyrene wis Romanized an transformed intae a caipitsl, til it wis destroyed bi the 365 Crete earthquake. The thoosand-year-auld ruins hae remained renowned syne the 18t yeirhunner.[35]
Archaeological Steid o Leptis Magna Leptis Magna - Triumphbogen des Septimius Severus 203 n. Chr..jpg LibKhoms,
 Libie
32°38′18″N 14°17′35″E / 32.63833°N 14.29306°E / 32.63833; 14.29306
Cultural:LibArcLep
(i)(ii)(iii)
1982 The Roman ceety o Leptis Magna wis made muckler bi Emperor Septimius Severus, that wis born thare. Public monuments, a harbour, a marketplace, storehooses, shops, an homes wis amang the reasons for its induction intae the leet.[36]
Airchaeological Steid o Sabratha Theatre, Sabratha.JPG LibZawiya Destrict,
 Libie
32°48′19″N 12°29′06″E / 32.80528°N 12.48500°E / 32.80528; 12.48500
Cultural:LibArcSab
(iii)
1982 Foondit as a Phoenician tredin post, Sabratha wis briefly ruled bi Masinissa o Numidie afore its Romanization an reconstruction in the 2nt an 3rd yeirhunners.[37]
Auld Toun o Ghadamès Ghadames - Altstadt mit Palmenhain.jpg LibNalut Destrict,
 Libie
30°08′00″N 9°30′00″E / 30.13333°N 9.50000°E / 30.13333; 9.50000
Cultural:LibOld
(v)
1986 Locatit in an oasis, Ghadames is amang the auldest o pre-Saharan ceeties an represents a tradeetional domestic airchitectur wi vertical deevision o functions.[38]
Rock-airt steids o Tadrart Acacus Tadrart Acacus 1.jpg LibFezzan,
 Libie
24°50′00″N 10°20′00″E / 24.83333°N 10.33333°E / 24.83333; 10.33333
Cultural:LibRoc
(iii)
1985 The massif o Tadrart Acacus contains thoosands o cave pentins in different styles, datin frae 12,000 BCE tae 100 CE, reflectin chynges o flora an fauna in the region as weel as different lifestyles o successive populations in the Sahara.[39]
Ancient Ksour o Ouadane, Chinguetti, Tichitt an Oualata Chinguetti-Vue Goblale Vieille ville.jpg MauritaniaOuadane,
Chinguetti,
Tichitt,
an Oualata,
 Mauritanie
20°55′44″N 11°37′25″W / 20.92889°N 11.62361°W / 20.92889; -11.62361
Cultural:MauAnc
(iii)(iv)(v)
1996 Thir fower settlements wis foondit in the 11t an 12t yeirhunners, oreeginally meant tae serve caravan tred routes across the Sahara. Thay gradually evolved intae Islamic cultural centres, bearin witness tae the nomadic lifestyle o the populations o wastren Sahara.[40]
Banc d'Arguin Naitional Pairk PNBA 43.JPG MauritaniaNouadhibou an Azefal,
 Mauritanie
20°14′05″N 16°06′32″W / 20.23472°N 16.10889°W / 20.23472; -16.10889
Natural:MauBan
(ix)(x)
1,200,000 (3,000,000) 1989 The pairk conseests o saund dunes, coastal swamps, smaw islands, an shallow bodies o watter; aw borderin the coast o the Atlantic Ocean. Birds are eften fand tae migrate in the area, accompanied bi various species o sea turtles an dolphins, thats presence fishermen eften uise tae attract fish.[41]
Airchaeological steid o Volubilis Volubilis-basilica.jpg MorFès-Meknès,
 Morocco
34°04′26″N 5°33′25″W / 34.07389°N 5.55694°W / 34.07389; -5.55694
Cultural:MorArcVol
(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
42 (100) 1997 The important Roman ootpost of Volubilis wis foondit in the 3rd yeirhunner BCE as the caipital o Mauretanie, later becomin the caipital o the Idrisid dynasty. It contained mony biggins, the remains o that hae survived extensively tae this day.[42]
Historic Ceety o Meknes Royal Palace, Meknes.jpg MorFès-Meknès,
 Morocco
33°53′00″N 5°33′30″W / 33.88333°N 5.55833°W / 33.88333; -5.55833
Cultural:MorHis
(iv)
1996 The umwhile caipital o the Alaouite dynasty wis foondit in the 11t yeirhunner bi the Almoravids an turnt intae a ceety wi Spaingie-Moorish influence durin the 17t an 18t yeirhunners.[43]
Ksar o Ait-Ben-Haddou Kasbahs in Aït Benhaddou.JPG MorDrâa-Tafilalet,
 Morocco
31°02′50″N 7°07′44″W / 31.04722°N 7.12889°W / 31.04722; -7.12889
Cultural:MorKsa
(iv)(v)
3 (7.4) 1987 The Ksar o Ait-Ben-Haddou is an ensaumple o a tradeetional pre-Saharan habitat in soothren Morocco, surroondit bi heich waws an reinforced wi corner touers.[44]
Medina o Essaouira (formerly Mogador) Ramparts of Essaouira.JPG MorMarrakesh-Safi,
 Morocco
31°31′00″N 9°46′10″W / 31.51667°N 9.76944°W / 31.51667; -9.76944
Cultural:MorEss
(ii)(iv)
30 (74) 2001 Biggit durin the late 18t yeirhunners, the fortified seaport o Essaouira haes a mix o North African an European airchitectur, an wis a major tredin hub atween the Sahara an Europe.[45]
Medina of Fez Fes.JPG MorFez,
 Morocco
34°03′40″N 4°58′40″W / 34.06111°N 4.97778°W / 34.06111; -4.97778
Cultural:MorMedinaofFez
(ii)(v)
280 (690) 1981 Fez wis foondit in the 9t yeirhunner an reached its apogee as the caipital o the Marinid dynasty in the 13t an 14t yeirhunners, frae that its urban fabric an major monuments date. It awso hosts the warld's varsity, the Varsity o Al Quaraouiyine.[46]
Medina o Marrakesh Koutbia.jpg MorMarrakesh-Safi,
 Morocco
31°37′53″N 7°59′12″W / 31.63139°N 7.98667°W / 31.63139; -7.98667
Cultural:MorMedinaofMarra
(i)(ii)(iv)(v)
1,107 (2,740) 1985 Marrakesh wis foondit in the 1070s an remained a political, economic, an cultural centre for a lang time. Monuments frae that period include the Koutoubia Mosque, the kasbah, an the battlements. The ceety awso hauds newer features, sicklik pailaces an madrasas.[47]
Medina o Tétouan (formerly kkent as Titawin) Tetuan vista desde un tejado.JPG MorTanger-Tetouan-Al Hoceima,
 Morocco
35°34′15″N 5°22′00″W / 35.57083°N 5.36667°W / 35.57083; -5.36667
Cultural:MorMedinaofTet
(ii)(iv)(v)
7 (17) 1997 Morocco's maist complete medina at Tétouan served as the main pynt o contact atween Morocco an Andalusie durin the 8t yeirhunner. The toun wis rebiggit bi Andalusian refugees follaein the Reconquista, the influence o that is evident in its airt an airchitectur.[48]
Rabat, Modren Caipital an Historic Ceety: a Shared Heritage Pedestrians and Kasbah Walls - Rabat - Morocco.jpg MorRabat,
 Morocco
34°01′27″N 6°49′22″W / 34.02417°N 6.82278°W / 34.02417; -6.82278
Cultural:MorRab
(ii)(iv)
349 (860) 2012 Rebiggit unner the direction o the French frae 1912 til the 1930s, Rabat blends historic an modren features, sic as botanical gardens, the Hassan Mosque, an the remnants o Moorish an Andalusian settlements frae the 17t yeirhunner.[49]
Portuguese Ceety of Mazagan (El Jadida) El Jadida panorama.jpg MorCasablanca-Settat,
 Morocco
33°15′24″N 8°30′07″W / 33.25667°N 8.50194°W / 33.25667; -8.50194
Cultural:MorPor
(ii)(iv)
8 (20) 2004 The Portuguese fortifeecation o Mazagan, akin tae early Renaissance militar design frae the early 16t yeirhunner, wis taen ower bi Morocco in 1769. Survivin biggins include the cistern an a Gothic kirk.[50]
Aflaj Irrigation Seestems o Oman Misfah (6).jpg OmnDakhiliyah, Sharqiyah an Batinah Regions,
 Oman
22°59′56″N 57°32′10″E / 22.99889°N 57.53611°E / 22.99889; 57.53611
Cultural:OmnAfl
(v)
1,456 (3,600) 2006 The five Aflaj seestem inscrievit represents an irrigation method datin back tae at least 500 CE. Sic seestem effectively distribute watter throu gravity, as it flaws tae support agricultural an domestic uise.[51]
Auncient Ceety o Qalhat Bibi Maryam mausoleum.jpg OmnAsh Sharqiyah Sooth Govrenorate,
 Oman
22°42′N 59°22′E / 22.700°N 59.367°E / 22.700; 59.367
Cultural:OmnQal
(ii)(iii)
75.82 (187.4) 2018 [52]
Archaeological Steids o Bat, Al-Khutm an Al-Ayn World Heritage Grave Al Ayn Oman.JPG OmnAd Dhahirah Region,
 Oman
23°16′11″N 56°44′42″E / 23.26972°N 56.74500°E / 23.26972; 56.74500
Cultural:OmnArc
(iii)(iv)
1988 Located in the interior o the Sultanate, Bat, al-Khutm an al-Ayn are amang the best preserved ensembles o settlements an necropolises frae the 3rd yeirthoosan BCE in Eastren Arabie an the warld. The necropolis o Bat, in pairteecular, reflects the buirial practices o the Early Bronze Age in Oman.[53]
Bahla Fort Bahla Fort.jpg OmnAd Dakhiliyah Region,
 Oman
22°57′51″N 57°18′04″E / 22.96417°N 57.30111°E / 22.96417; 57.30111
Cultural:OmnBah
(iv)
1987 The fort is pairt o Bahla, an oasis settlement an formerly the caipital o the Nabhani dynasty, that dominatit Oman an prospered in the Arabian Peninsula durin the Late Middle Ages.[54]
Laund of Frankincense Oman Dhofar Frankincense.jpg OmnDhofar Govrenorate,
 Oman
18°15′12″N 53°38′51″E / 18.25333°N 53.64750°E / 18.25333; 53.64750
Cultural:OmnLan
(iii)(iv)
850 (2,100) 2000 The ancient ports o Khor Rori an Al-Baleed, the caravan oasis o Shisr an Wadi Dawkah in soothren Arabie wis crucial in the production an distribution o frankincense, ane o the maist sacht-efter items o luxury in Antiquity.[55]
Auld Ceety o Jerusalem an its Walls Old City (Jerusalem).jpg JerEast Jerusalem
31°46′00″N 35°13′00″E / 31.76667°N 35.21667°E / 31.76667; 35.21667
Cultural:JerOld
(ii)(iii)(vi)
1981 A haly ceety for three o the warld's major releegions, Jerusalem contains mair nor 200 historic monuments, includin the Dome o the Rock, the Wailin Waw an the Kirk o the Haly Sepulchre.[56]
Birthplace o Jesus: Kirk o the Nativity an the Pilgrimage Route, Bethlehem Church of the nativity beth.jpg PalBethlehem Govrenorate,
 Palestine
31°42′16″N 35°12′27″E / 31.70444°N 35.20750°E / 31.70444; 35.20750
Cultural:PalBir
(ii)(iii)
3 (7.4) 2012 The steid is tradeetionally identifeed as the birthplace o Jesus. The kirk, biggit in the 4t yeirhunner an reconstructit in the 6t yeirhunner, hauds heich releegious signifeecance tae baith Christians an Muslims.[57][58]
Palestine: Laund o Olives an Vines — Cultural Laundscape o Soothren Jerusalem, Battir Batir.JPG. PalBethlehem Govrenorate,
 Palestine
31°43′11″N 35°07′50″E / 31.71972°N 35.13056°E / 31.71972; 35.13056
Cultural:PalPal
(iv)(v)
349 (860) 2014 The hill lanudscape o Battir features stane terraces for mercat gairden, grapevine an olive production, supportit bi a tradeetional irrigation seesrem.[59]
Hebron/Al-Khalil Old Town Hebron-(Abraham)-Mosche.JPG PalHebron Govrenorate,
 Palestine
31°31′30″N 35°06′30″E / 31.52500°N 35.10833°E / 31.52500; 35.10833
Cultural:PalPal
(ii)(iv)(vi)
20.6 (51) 2017 The centre o interest o the toun wis the steid o Al mosque -Ibrahim / the tomb o the Patriarchs that biggins are in a compoond biggit in the 1st yeirhunner CE tae fend the tombs o the patriarch Abraham / Ibrahim an his faimily.[60]
Al Zubarah Airchaeological Steid Zubara Fort.jpg QatAl Shamal,
 Qatar
25°58′41″N 51°01′47″E / 25.97806°N 51.02972°E / 25.97806; 51.02972
Cultural:QatAlz
(iii)(iv)(v)
416 (1,030) 2013 The coastal toun o Al Zubarah wis a major pearlin an treddin centre in the Persian Gulf in the late 18t an early 19t yeirhunners, afore its destruction in 1811 an eventual abandonment in the early 20t yeirhunner. The remains o its pailaces, mosques, harbour, fortifeecations an ither structures are preserved bi the saund blawn frae the desert.[61]
Al-Hasa Jawatha Mosque in Al-Ahsa (2007).jpg SauHofuf, Al-Ahsa Govrenorate
 Saudi Arabie
25°25′46″N 49°37′19″E / 25.42944°N 49.62194°E / 25.42944; 49.62194
Cultural:SauAlh
(iii)(iv)(v)
8,544 (21,110) 2018 [62]
Al-Hijr Aircheologeecal Steid (Madâin Sâlih) Madain Saleh (6731527141).jpg SauAl Madinah Province,
 Saudi Arabie
26°47′01″N 37°57′18″E / 26.78361°N 37.95500°E / 26.78361; 37.95500
Cultural:SauAlh
(ii)(iii)
1,621 (4,010) 2008 Formerly kent as Hegra, the steid o Al-Hijr consteetutes the mucklest settlement o the Nabataean Kinrick efter Petra. It contains a series o weel-preserved rock-cut tombs an moniments datin back tae the 1st yeirhunner BCE.[63]
At-Turaif Destrict in ad-Dir'iyah Diriyahpic.jpg SauRiyadh Province,
 Saudi Arabie
24°44′03″N 46°34′21″E / 24.73417°N 46.57250°E / 24.73417; 46.57250
Cultural:SauAtt
(ii)(iii)
29 (72) 2008 Foondit in the 15t yeirhunner, the Turaif Destrict of Dir'iyah wis the first caipital o the Saudi dynasty. Dir'iyah witnessed the grawth o its poleetical an religious significance, as weel as the spreid o Wahhabism in the 18t an the early 19t yeirhunners.[64]
Historic Jeddah, the Gate tae Makkah Old Jeddah 1.jpg SauMakkah Region,
 Saudi Arabie
21°29′02″N 39°11′15″E / 21.48389°N 39.18750°E / 21.48389; 39.18750
Cultural:SauHis
(ii)(iv)(vi)
18 (44) 2014 Locatit on the coast o the Reid Sea, Jeddah grawed intae a major commercial centre in the 7t yeirhunner, an haes lang serrt as the principal gateway for pilgrims tae Mecca.[65]
Rock Airt in the Ha'il Region SauHa'il Region,
 Saudi Arabie
28°00′38″N 40°54′47″E / 28.01056°N 40.91306°E / 28.01056; 40.91306
Cultural:SauRoc
(i)(iii)
2,044 (5,050) 2015 The steids o Jabel Umm Sinman an Jabal al-Manjor an Raat contain a lairge nummer o petroglyphs an inscriptions, coverin 10,000 years o human history.[66]
Airchaeological Steids o the Island o Meroe Sudan Meroe Pyramids 2001.JPG SdnRiver Nile State,
 Sudan
16°56′00″N 33°43′00″E / 16.93333°N 33.71667°E / 16.93333; 33.71667
Cultural:SdnArc
(ii)(iii)(iv)(v)
2,357 (5,820) 2011 Meroe wis the centre o the Kinrick o Kush, a major force active frae the 8t yeirhunner BCE til the 4t yeirhunner CE. It is hame tae pyramids, temples, an domestic biggins, amang ither vestiges.[67]
Gebel Barkal an the Steids o the Napatan Region Gebel Barkal.jpg SdnNorthren State,
 Sudan
18°32′00″N 31°49′00″E / 18.53333°N 31.81667°E / 18.53333; 31.81667
Cultural:SdnGeb
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
183 (450) 2003 The airchaeological steids o Gebel Barkal, Kurru, Nuri, Sanam an Zuma in the Nile Valley testify tae the Napatan an Meroitic ceevilisations. Thay host a series o pyramids, tombs, temples, pailaces, buirial moonds an funerary chambers.[68]
Sanganeb Marine Naitional Pairk an Dungonab Bay – Mukkawar Island Marine Naitional Pairk Sdn Sudan
19°44′10″N 37°26′35″E / 19.73611°N 37.44306°E / 19.73611; 37.44306
Natural:SdnSan
(vii)(ix)(x)
199,524 (493,030) 2016 Situatit in the central Reid Sea, Sanganeb, Dungonab Bay an Mukkawar Island featur a diverse seestem o coral reefs, mangroves, seagrass beds, beaches an islets, an host populations o seabirds, marine mammals, fish, sharks, turtles, manta rays an dugongs.[69]
Auncient Ceety o Aleppo Ancient Aleppo from Citadel.jpg SyrAleppo Govrenorate,
 Syria
36°14′00″N 37°10′00″E / 36.23333°N 37.16667°E / 36.23333; 37.16667
Cultural:SyrAncAle
(iii)(iv)
350 (860) 1986 Situatit at the crossroads o seiveral tred routes, Aleppo haes been successively ruled, amang ithers, bi the Romans, Ayyubids, Mameluks an Ottomans, ilka leavin signifeecant influence in its airchitectural fabric, resultin in a diverse ceetyscape. Major structur include the Citadel, the Great Mosque an the Madrasa Halawiye.[70]
Auncient Ceety o Bosra Bosra pano Syria.jpg SyrDaraa Govrenorate,
 Sirie
32°31′05″N 36°28′54″E / 32.51806°N 36.48167°E / 32.51806; 36.48167
Cultural:SyrAncBos
(i)(iii)(vi)
1980 Formerly a Nabataean dounset, Bosra wis conquered bi the Romans in the 2nt yeirhunner CE an made caipital of Arabia. It came unner Islamic rule in the 7t yeirhunner. Remains o the ancient ceety include a theatre, a basilica, a cathedral, a mosque an a madrasa, amang others.[71]
Auncient Ceety o Damascus The Jupiter temple in Damascus.jpg SyrDamascus Govrenorate,
 Sirie
33°30′41″N 36°18′23″E / 33.51139°N 36.30639°E / 33.51139; 36.30639
Cultural:SyrAncDam
(i)(ii)(iii)(iv)(vi)
86 (210) 1979 Established the 3rd yeirthoosan BCE, Damascus is considered tae be ane o the auldest continuously inhabited ceeties in the warld. As the caipital o the Umayyads, it haes been of significant influence tae the Arab warld. The Great Mosque is amang the mucklest in the warld an the auldest sites of continuous prayer syne the beginnins of Islam.[72]
Auncient Veelages o Northren Sirie Serjilla 01.jpg Syr Sirie
36°20′03″N 36°50′39″E / 36.33417°N 36.84417°E / 36.33417; 36.84417
Cultural:SyrAncVil
(iii)(iv)(v)
12,290 (30,400) 2011 The steid comprises some 40 touns, datin frae the 1st til 7t yeirhunners an abandoned in the 8t til 10t yeirhunners. Thay gie an insicht intae rural life in Late Antiquity an during the Byzantine period.[73]
Crac des Chevaliers an Qal'at Salah El-Din Krak des Chevaliers 14.jpg SyrHoms an Latakia Govrenorate,
 Sirie
34°46′54″N 36°15′47″E / 34.78167°N 36.26306°E / 34.78167; 36.26306
Cultural:SyrCra
(ii)(iv)
9 (22) 2006 The Crac des Chevaliers an the Qal'at Salah El-Din are regairdit as twa o the maist prominent ensaumples o castles durin the Crusader period, demonstratin an evolution o fortifeecations an exchynge o influences in defensive technology.[74]
Steid o Palmyra Temple of Bel, Palmyra 15.jpg SyrHoms Govrenorate,
 Sirie
34°33′15″N 38°16′00″E / 34.55417°N 38.26667°E / 34.55417; 38.26667
Cultural:SyrSit
(i)(ii)(iv)
0.36 (0.89) 1980 Palmyra came unner Roman rule in the 1st yeirhunner CE, an grawed tae become ane o the maist important cultural centres o the ancient warld. Its extensive ruins includes remains o the Great Colonnade, the Temple o Bel, the Camp o Diocletian an the Roman Theatre.[75]
Airchaeological Steid of Carthage Ruines de Carthage.jpg TunTunis Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
36°51′10″N 10°19′24″E / 36.85278°N 10.32333°E / 36.85278; 10.32333
Cultural:TunArc
(ii)(iii)(vi)
616 (1,520) 1979 Foondit in the 9t yeirhunners BCE, Carthage developit intae a tredin empire spannin the Mediterranean. The ceety wis destroyed in 146 BCE in the Punic Wars at the haunds o the Romans, but wis later reestablished.[76]
Dougga / Thugga Dougga theatre.jpg TunBeBéja Governorate,
 Tunisie
36°25′25″N 9°13′13″E / 36.42361°N 9.22028°E / 36.42361; 9.22028
Cultural:TunDou
(ii)(iii)
70 (170) 1997 The steid features the ruins o Dougga, a umwhile caipital o a LibiePunic state, that flourished unner the Romans an the Byzantines, but went intae decline in the Islamic period.[77]
Amphitheatre o El Jem Eljem2.jpg TunMahdia Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
35°17′47″N 10°42′25″E / 35.29639°N 10.70694°E / 35.29639; 10.70694
Cultural:TunEld
(iv)(vi)
1.37 (3.4) 1979 Biggit durin the 3rd yeirhunner, the Amphitheatre o El Jem is North Africae's lairgest amphitheatre, an the mucklest ane biggit ootside o Italy, wi a capaceety of 35,000 spectators, regairdit as amang the maist accomplished ensaumples o Roman airchitectur o its kynd.[78]
Ichkeul Naitional Pairk Parcichkeul3.jpg TunBiBizerte Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
37°09′49″N 9°40′29″E / 37.16361°N 9.67472°E / 37.16361; 9.67472
Natural:TunIch
(x)
12,600 (31,000) 1980 Ichkeul Lake an the surroondin wetlaunds is a destination for hunders o thoosands o migratin birds, includin ducks, geese, storks an pink flamingos. It wis ance pairt o a chain that extendit athort North Africae.[79]
Kairouan Kairouan's Great Mosque courtyard.jpg TunKairouan Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
35°40′54″N 10°06′14″E / 35.68167°N 10.10389°E / 35.68167; 10.10389
Cultural:TunKai
(i)(ii)(iii)(v)(vi)
68 (170) 1988 Foondit in 670, Kairouan wis the umwhile caipital of Ifriqiya an flourished in the 9t yeirhunner. Its heritage includes the Mosque of Uqba an the Mosque o the Three Gates.[80]
Medina o Sousse Sousse Grosse Moschee.JPG TunSousse Governorate,
 Tunisie
35°49′40″N 10°38′19″E / 35.82778°N 10.63861°E / 35.82778; 10.63861
Cultural:TunMedinaofSou
(iii)(iv)(v)
32 (79) 1988 A prime ensaumple o a toun frae the early Islamic period, Sousse wis an important commercial an military port durin the 9t yeirhunner.[81]
Medina o Tunis PatioDarBenAbdallah.JPG TunTunis Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
36°49′00″N 10°10′00″E / 36.81667°N 10.16667°E / 36.81667; 10.16667
Cultural:TunMedinaofTun
(ii)(iii)(v)
296 (730) 1979 The Medina o Tunis contains some 700 moniments, includin pailaces, mosques, mausoleums, madrasah an foontains, testifyin tae Tunis' gowden age frae the 12t til the 16t yeirhunner.[82]
Punic Toun o Kerkuane an its Necropolis Kerkouane1.JPG TunNabeul Govrenorate,
 Tunisie
36°56′47″N 11°05′57″E / 36.94639°N 11.09917°E / 36.94639; 11.09917
Cultural:TunPun
(iii)
1985 Abandoned in 250 BCE durin the First Punic War an niver rebiggit, Kerkuane is the anelie survivin ensaumple o a PhoenicioPunic settlement.[83]
Cultural Steids o Al Ain (Hafit, Hili, Bidaa Bint Saud an Oases Auries) Al Ain w Jebel Hafeet.JPG UaeAbu Dhabi,
 Unitit Arab Emirates
24°04′04″N 55°48′23″E / 24.06778°N 55.80639°E / 24.06778; 55.80639
Cultural:UaeCul
(iii)(iv)(v)
4,945 (12,220) 2011 Situatit in a desert region, Al Ain haes been occupied syne the Neolithic period, hostin stane tombs frae the 3rd yeirthoosan BCE, wells, adobe constructions an ane o the auldest ensaumples o the aflaj irrigation seestem at Bidaa Bint Saud.[84]
Historic Toun o Zabid Zabid, Yemen.jpg YemAl Hudaydah Govrenorate,
 Yemen
14°11′53″N 43°19′48″E / 14.19806°N 43.33000°E / 14.19806; 43.33000
Cultural:YemHis
(iii)
1993 Zabid wis the caipital o Yemen frae the 13t til the 15t yeirhunner. Its Islamic varsity greatly contreibutit tae the spreid o Islamic wittins.[85]
Auld Ceety o Sana'a Sana.jpg YemSana'a Govrenorate,
 Yemen
15°21′20″N 44°12′29″E / 15.35556°N 44.20806°E / 15.35556; 44.20806
Cultural:YemOldSan
(iv)(v)(vi)
1986 Situatit in a moontain valley, Sana'a haes been continuously inhabitit for mair nor 2,500 years. It became a centre for the spread o Islam in the 7t an 8t yeirhunners. The city is hame tae the unique rammed-earth touer-houses, in addition tae 103 mosques an 14 hammams biggit afore the 11t yeirhunner.[86]
Auld Walled Ceety o Shibam Shibam Wadi Hadhramaut Yemen.jpg YemHadhramaut Govrenorate,
 Yemen
15°55′37″N 48°37′36″E / 15.92694°N 48.62667°E / 15.92694; 48.62667
Cultural:YemOldShi
(iii)(iv)(v)
1982 The 16t-century wawed ceety o Shibam is amang the auldest an best ensaumples o vertical urban planning, wi its distinct mud brick touer hooses garnerin it the nickname "the Manhattan o the desert".[87]
Socotra Archipelago Socotra dragon tree.JPG YemSocotra Govrenorate,
 Yemen
12°30′00″N 53°50′00″E / 12.50000°N 53.83333°E / 12.50000; 53.83333
Natural:YemSoc
(x)
410,460 (1,014,300) 2008 Awtho pairt o the African laundmass, the Socotra Archipelago is admeenistered frae Yemen. It is kent for its great biodiversity an distinct flora an fauna, wi a lairge nummer o endemic species fand naewhaur else on earth. It awso supports a broad range o avian an marine life.[88]

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