Republic o Karelie

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Republic o Karelie
Республика Карелия (Russian)
—  Republic  —

Flag o the Republic o Karelie

Coat o airms o the Republic o Karelie
Anthem: Anthem o the Republic o Karelie
Coordinates: 63°49′N 33°00′E / 63.817°N 33.000°E / 63.817; 33.000Coordinates: 63°49′N 33°00′E / 63.817°N 33.000°E / 63.817; 33.000
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict Northwastren[1]
Economic region Northren[2]
Established 16 Julie 1956[3]
Caipital Petrozavodsk
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Heid[4] Alexander Khudilaynen
 - Legislatur Legislative Assembly[5]
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[6]
 - Tot 172,400 km2 (66,600 sq mi)
Aurie rank 20t
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 - Tot 643,548
 - Rank 68t
 - Density[8] 3.73 /km2 (9.7 /sq mi)
 - Urban 78.0%
 - Rural 22.0%
Time zone(s) [9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KR
License plates 10
Offeecial leids Roushie[10]
Offeecial wabsteid

The Republic o Karelie (Roushie: Респу́блика Каре́лия‎, Respublika Kareliya; Karelian: Karjalan tazavalda; Finnish: Karjalan tasavalta‎; Template:Lang-vep) is a federal subject o Roushie.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Historically, Karelie wis a region tae the northwast o Roushie, east o present-day Finland, controlled bi the Novgorod Republic. Frae the 13t century an onwards, various pairts wur conquered bi Swaden, an incorporatit intae Swadish Karelie till they wur lost tae Roushie bi the Treaty o Nystad in 1721.

In 1920, the province became the Karelian Labour Сommune. In 1923, the province became the Karelian Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic (Karelian ASSR). Frae 1940 it wis made intae the Karelo-Finnish SSR, incorporatin the Finnish Democratic Republic which nominally operatit in those pairts o Finnish Karelie that wur occupied bi the Soviet Union durin the Winter War. Annexed territories wur incorporatit intae Karelo-Finnish SSR, but efter the Continuation War the Karelian Isthmus wis incorporatit intae the Leningrad Oblast. Its status wis chynged back tae an ASSR in 1956. Durin the Continuation War in 1941 Finland occupied lairge pairts o the aurie but wis forced tae athdraw in 1944. Though Finland is no currently pursuin ony measures tae reclaim Karelian lands cedit tae Roushie, the "Karelian Question" is still a topic present in Finnish politics.

The autonomous Republic o Karelie in its present form wis formed on 13 November 1991.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. "Карельский государственный архив новейшей истории. Путеводитель". Приложение "Административно-территориальное устройство Республики Карелия". 2003.
  4. Constitution, Article 46.
  5. Constitution, Article 32
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named 2010Census
  8. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  9. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.