Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

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Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug
Ямало-Ненецкий автономный округ (Roushie)
—  Autonomous okrug  —

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Coordinates: 67°15′N 74°40′E / 67.250°N 74.667°E / 67.250; 74.667
Poleetical status
Kintra Roushie
Federal destrict Urals[1]
Economic region Wast Siberie[2]
Established December 10, 1930
Admeenistrative center Salekhard
Govrenment (as of March 2011)
 - Govrenor Dmitry Kobylkin[3]
 - Legislature Legislative Assembly
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 750,300 km2 (289,692.4 sq mi)
Aurie rank 6t
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 522,904
 - Rank 71st
 - Density 0.7 /km2 (1.8 /sq mi)
 - Urban 84.7%
 - Landwart 15.3%
Population (2002 Census)
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
ISO 3166-2 RU-YAN
Number plates 89
Offeecial leids Roushie[7]
http://adm.yanao.ru/

Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Roushie: Яма́ло-Нене́цкий автоно́мный о́круг‎, Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug; Template:Lang-Nenets), is a federal subject o Roushie (an autonomous okrug o Tyumen Oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the toun o Salekhard. Population: 522,904 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography an natural history[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Nenets fowk are an indigenous tribe that hae lang survivit in this region. Their prehistoric life involvit subsistence huntin an gatherin, includin the takkin o polar bears; the practice o huntin polar bears (Ursus maritimus) continues up tae the present time.[8]

Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

On December 10, 1930, Yamal (Nenets) National Okrug (Ямальский (Ненецкий) национальный округ) wis formit based on Ural Oblast.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Admeenistrative diveesions o Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 522,904 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 507,006 (2002 Census);[9] 486,164 (1989 Census).[10]

Vital statistics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Daiths Natural chunge Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude daith rate (per 1000) Natural chynge (per 1000)
1970 84 1 683 879 804 20.0 10.5 9.6
1975 127 2 307 819 1 488 18.2 6.4 11.7
1980 194 3 347 1 178 2 169 17.3 6.1 11.2
1985 374 7 838 1 555 6 283 21.0 4.2 16.8
1990 489 8 032 1 631 6 401 16.4 3.3 13.1
1991 483 7 121 1 623 5 498 14.7 3.4 11.4
1992 470 6 123 2 108 4 015 13.0 4.5 8.5
1993 466 5 697 2 764 2 933 12.2 5.9 6.3
1994 473 6 274 2 998 3 276 13.3 6.3 6.9
1995 483 6 337 3 107 3 230 13.1 6.4 6.7
1996 489 6 241 3 004 3 237 12.8 6.1 6.6
1997 495 6 208 2 715 3 493 12.5 5.5 7.1
1998 498 6 395 2 544 3 851 12.8 5.1 7.7
1999 498 6 071 2 608 3 463 12.2 5.2 7.0
2000 497 5 839 2 763 3 076 11.7 5.6 6.2
2001 501 6 388 3 057 3 331 12.8 6.1 6.7
2002 506 6 635 2 934 3 701 13.1 5.8 7.3
2003 510 7 163 3 093 4 070 14.1 6.1 8.0
2004 511 7 264 2 975 4 289 14.2 5.8 8.4
2005 512 7 148 3 099 4 049 14.0 6.0 7.9
2006 513 7 036 3 000 4 036 13.7 5.8 7.9
2007 515 7 700 2 937 4 763 14.9 5.7 9.2
2008 517 7 892 2 959 4 933 15.3 5.7 9.5
2009 519 8 216 2 924 5 292 15.8 5.6 10.2
2010 522 8 263 2 873 5 390 15.8 5.5 10.3

Regional demographics for 2008 (Jan-Oct)[1][eedit | eedit soorce]

Raion Pp (2007) Births Daiths Growth BR DR NGR
Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug 538,600 5,814 2,202 3,612 14.39 5.45 0.89%
Salekhard 40,500 499 256 243 16.43 8.43 0.80%
Gubkinsky 22,300 263 71 192 15.72 4.25 1.15%
Labytnangi 27,700 333 212 121 16.03 10.20 0.58%
Muravlenko 37,000 361 104 257 13.01 3.75 0.93%
Nadym 48,500 443 197 246 12.18 5.42 0.68%
Novy Urengoy 117,000 1122 334 788 12.79 3.81 0.90%
Noyabrsk 109,900 1029 384 645 12.48 4.66 0.78%
Krasnoselkupsky 6,200 99 41 58 21.29 8.82 1.25%
Nadymsky 21,300 221 67 154 13.83 4.19 0.96%
Priuralsky 15,300 179 72 107 15.60 6.27 0.93%
Purovsky 49,900 548 195 353 14.64 5.21 0.94%
Tazovsky 17,200 268 92 176 20.78 7.13 1.36%
Shuryshkarsky 9,900 144 69 75 19.39 9.29 1.01%
Yamalsky 15,900 305 108 197 25.58 9.06 1.65%

Ethnic groups[eedit | eedit soorce]

The Nenets mak up 5.9% o the population, preceded bi ethnic Roushies (61.7%), Ukrainians (9.7%), an Tatars (5.6%). Ither prominent ethnic groups include Belaroushies (1.3%), Khants (1.9%), Azerbaijanis (1.8%), Bashkirs (1.7%), Komi (1%), an Moldovans (0.9%) (aw figurs are frae the 2010 Census).[5]

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Nenets 13,454 29.3% 13,977 22.4% 17,538 21.9% 17,404 11.0% 20,917 4.2% 26,435 5.2% 29,772 5.9%
Khants 5,367 11.7% 5,519 8.9% 6,513 8.1% 6,466 4.1% 7,247 1.5% 8,760 1.7% 9,489 1.9%
Komi 4,722 10.3% 4,866 7.8% 5,445 6.8% 5,642 3.6% 6,000 1.2% 6,177 1.2% 5,141 1.0%
Selkups 87 0.2% 1,245 2.0% 1,710 2.1% 1,611 1.0% 1,530 0.3% 1,797 0.4% 1,988 0.4%
Roushies 19,308 42.1% 27,789 44.6% 37,518 46.9% 93,750 59.0% 292,808 59.2% 298,359 58.8% 312,019 61.7%
Ukrainians 395 0.9% 1,921 3.1% 3,026 3.8% 15,721 9.9% 85,022 17.2% 66,080 13.0% 48,985 9.7%
Tatars 1,636 3.6% 3,952 6.3% 4,653 5.8% 8,556 5.4% 26,431 5.3% 27,734 5.5% 28,509 5.6%
Ithers 871 1.9% 3,065 4.9% 3,574 4.5% 9,694 6.1% 54,889 11.1% 71,664 14.1% 74,625 14.3%
1 17,517 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[11]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yamalo-Nenetsky Avtonomny Okrug is Roushie's maist important source o natural gas, wi mair than 90% o Roushie's natural gas being producit there. The region an aw accoonts for 12% o Russia's ile production.[12] The region is o utmaist importance tae Roushie's lairgest company Gazprom, whose main production fields are locatit there. Novatek – the kintra's seicont lairgest gas producer – is an aw active in the region, wi its heidquarteres locatit in Tarko-Sale.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart o the Roushie Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug. Dmitry Nikolayevich Kobylkin, Governor of Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Okrug (Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number o Destricts, Inhabitit Localities, an Rural Admeenistration bi Federal Subjects o the Roushie Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Offeecial the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  8. C. Michael Hogan (2008) Polar Bear: Ursus maritimus, Globaltwitcher.com, ed. Nicklas Stromberg
  9. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  12. "Yamalo-Nenets Autonomous Area". Kommersant. 2004-03-05. Retrieved 2009-08-26. 

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