Chelyabinsk Oblast

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Chelyabinsk Oblast
Челябинская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag of Chelyabinsk Oblast

Coat of arms of Chelyabinsk Oblast
Anthem: Anthem of Chelyabinsk Oblast
Coordinates: 54°32′N 60°20′E / 54.533°N 60.333°E / 54.533; 60.333Coordinates: 54°32′N 60°20′E / 54.533°N 60.333°E / 54.533; 60.333
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict Urals[1]
Economic region Urals[2]
Established 17 Januar 1934
Admeenistrative center Chelyabinsk
Government (as of August 2010)
 - Govrenor[4] Mikhail Yurevich[3]
 - Legislatur Legislative Assembly[5]
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[6]
 - Tot 87,900 km2 (33,900 sq mi)
Aurie rank 36t
Population (2010 Census)[7]
 - Tot 3,476,217
 - Rank 9t
 - Density[8] 39.55 /km2 (102.4 /sq mi)
 - Urban 82.0%
 - Rural 18.0%
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-CHE
License plates 74
Offeecial leids Roushie[10]
Offeecial wabsteid

Chelyabinsk Oblast (Roushie: Челя́бинская о́бласть‎, Chelyabinskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Asiatic Roushie (an oblast), locatit on the border north o Kazakhstan. Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Chelyabinsk. Population: 3,476,217 (2010 Census).[7]

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 3,476,217 (2010 Census preliminary results);[7] 3,603,339 (2002 Census);[11] 3,623,732 (1989 Census).[12]

The oblast is heichlie urbanizit.

The 2010 Census coontit the follaein recognizit ethnic groups in Chelyabinsk Oblast:[7]

  • 2,829,899 Roushies (83.8%);
  • 180,913 Tatars (5.4%);
  • 162,513 Bashkirs (4.8%);
  • 50,081 Ukrainians (1.5%);
  • 35,297 Kazakhs (1.00%);
  • 18,687 Germans (0.5%);
  • 13,035 Belaroushies (0.4%);
  • 12,147 Mordvins (0.2%);
  • 9,311 Armenies (0.3%);
  • 65,190 ithers (1.6);
  • 99,144 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[13]
  • Births (2008): 45,091 (12.8 per 1000)
  • Daiths (2008): 52,795 (15.0 per 1000)

Source:[14]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chelyabinsk Oblast haes considerable subsurface gowd reserves, which are concentratit in ore an placer deposits. The gowd deposits are associatit wi baith basement rock an fluvial deposits. Probable reserves are estimatit at 500 tons o ore gowd an 40 tons o placer gowd. The most important nonmetallic minerals in the region in terms o reserves are deposits o graphite, talc, kaolin, an vermiculite (rock raw materials); barite, phosphorite, an glauconite (chemical raw materials); magnesite, quartzite, fluxin limestane, an furnace dolomite (metallurgical raw materials).[15]

The discovery o mineral deposits at various times haes resultit in the construction o a lairge number o processin facilities. Mair than 150 companies in the region are involvit in wirkin mineral deposits an processin the raw materials. The best kent o these are the Magnitogorsk Iron and Steel Works (MMK an Chelyabinsk Iron an Steel Wirks (Mechel).

Cultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Chelyabinsk Oblast haes fifteen theaters an three concert organizations. Nine o these theaters (five state an fower municipal theaters), an airt gallery, a philharmonic an organ haw, a circus, several museums, nineteen movie theaters, a municipal jazz center, an a contemporary airt center are locatit in the caipital.[15]

Tours bi Roushie an foreign airtistic companies add variety tae the region's cultural life. The Kamerata chamber theater festival an an internaitional organ muisic festival are held annually in Chelyabinsk.

The region haes an extensive seestem o airt an cultural schuils, includin three heicher educational institutions: the Chelyabinsk State Institute o Airt an Cultur, the Chelyabinsk Heicher Muisic Schuil, an the Magnitogorsk State Conservatory. There are mair than 20 artistic unions, associations, an groups, maist o which hae formit in the last few years.

Vital statistics for 2008[eedit | eedit soorce]

Landscape o wastren Chelyabinsk Oblast

Source:[16]

Destrict (2008) Type Births Daiths NG BR DR NGR
Chelyabinsk Oblast Obl 44931 52625 -7694 12.8 15.0 -0.22%
Urban Areas Obl 34550 41787 -7237 12.1 14.6 -0.25%
Rural Areas Obl 10381 10838 -457 15.9 16.6 -0.07%
Chelyabinsk Urb 12540 14192 -1652 11.5 13.0 -0.15%
Verkhny Ufaley Urb 516 727 -211 13.6 19.1 -0.55%
Zlatoust Urb 2111 2658 -547 11.1 13.9 -0.28%
Karabash Urb 227 262 -35 14.5 16.7 -0.22%
Kopeysk Urb 1737 2476 -739 12.5 17.8 -0.53%
Kyshtym Urb 535 695 -160 12.5 16.2 -0.37%
Lokomotivny Urb 117 41 76 11.8 4.1 0.77%
Magnitogorsk Urb 5276 6112 -836 12.9 14.9 -0.20%
Miass Urb 2289 2559 -270 13.7 15.3 -0.16%
Ozyorsk Urb 912 1312 -400 9.2 13.2 -0.40%
Snezhinsk Urb 544 586 -42 10.8 11.6 -0.08%
Tryokhgorny Urb 402 338 64 11.7 9.8 0.19%
Troitsk Urb 1085 1269 -184 13.2 15.4 -0.22%
Ust-Katav Urb 318 515 -197 11.3 18.2 -0.69%
Chebarkul Urb 550 698 -148 12.7 16.2 -0.35%
Yuzhnouralsk Urb 428 602 -174 11.1 15.6 -0.45%
Agapovsky Rur 649 513 136 18.5 14.6 0.39%
Argayashsky Rur 831 671 160 19.7 15.9 0.38%
Ashinsky Rur 831 1286 -455 12.6 19.5 -0.69%
Bredinsky Rur 485 480 5 15.6 15.4 0.02%
Varnensky Rur 460 453 7 15.9 15.7 0.02%
Verkhneuralsky Rur 575 743 -168 13.6 17.6 -0.40%
Yemanzhelinsky Rur 648 923 -275 12.2 17.3 -0.51%
Yetkulsky Rur 443 466 -23 14.7 15.5 -0.08%
Kartalinsky Rur 702 809 -107 14.1 16.2 -0.21%
Kaslinsky Rur 461 758 -297 12.0 19.7 -0.77%
Katav-Ivanovsky Rur 448 709 -261 12.8 20.2 -0.74%
Kizilsky Rur 432 400 32 16.2 15.0 0.12%
Korkinsky Rur 900 1256 -356 13.8 19.3 -0.55%
Krasnoarmeysky Rur 638 754 -116 14.6 17.3 -0.27%
Kunashaksky Rur 521 549 -28 17.6 18.6 -0.10%
Kusinsk Rur 420 535 -115 13.9 17.7 -0.38%
Nagaybaksky Rur 334 392 -58 15.0 17.7 -0.27%
Nyazepetrovsky Rur 298 433 -135 14.6 21.3 -0.67%
Oktyabrsky Rur 419 398 21 15.6 14.8 0.08%
Plastovsky Rur 450 453 -3 17.2 17.3 -0.01%
Satkinsky Rur 1230 1398 -168 14.2 16.1 -0.19%
Sosnovsky Rur 942 933 9 16.0 15.8 0.02%
Troitsky Rur 529 506 23 17.1 16.3 0.08%
Uvelsky Rur 508 533 -25 16.1 16.9 -0.08%
Uysky Rur 385 387 -2 14.6 14.7 -0.01%
Chebarkulsky Rur 494 538 -44 16.6 18.1 -0.15%
Chesmensky Rur 311 307 4 15.5 15.3 0.02%

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of the Governor of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Mikhail Valeryevich Yurevich, Governor of Chelyabinsk Oblast (Roushie)
  4. Charter, Article 8.4
  5. Charter, Article 8.3-1
  6. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  7. 7.0 7.1 7.2 7.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  8. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  9. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  11. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  14. http://chelstat.gks.ru/digital/region1/2007/Показатели%20%20естественного%20%20движения%20%20населения.htm
  15. 15.0 15.1 Chelyabinsk Region
  16. http://chelstat.gks.ru/munstat/DocLib1/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=/munstat/DocLib1/Демографическая%20статистика%20по%20городским%20округам%20и%20муниципальным%20районам%20области&FolderCTID=&View={34D3BD28-4978-44A2-9153-E090E213B963}

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Законодательное Собрание Челябинской области. Закон №22-ЗО от 25 мая 2006 г. «Устав (основной закон) Челябинской области», в ред. Закона №427-ЗО от 30 апреля 2009 г. (Legislative Assembly of Chelyabinsk Oblast. Law #22-ZO of May 25, 2006 Charter (Basic Law) of Chelyabinsk Oblast, as amended by the Law #427-ZO of April 30, 2009. ).

Freemit airtins[eedit | eedit soorce]