Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug

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Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug
Ханты-Мансийский автономный округ — Югра (Roushie)
—  Autonomous okrug  —

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Coordinates: 62°15′N 70°10′E / 62.250°N 70.167°E / 62.250; 70.167
Poleetical status
Kintra Roushie
Federal destrict Urals[1]
Economic region Wast Siberie[2]
Established December 10, 1930
Admeenistrative center Khanty-Mansiysk
Govrenment (as of March 2011)
 - Govrenor Natalya Komarova[3]
 - Legislature Duma
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 534,800 km2 (206,487.4 sq mi)
Aurie rank 9th
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 1,532,243
 - Rank 29t
 - Density 2.87 /km2 (7.4 /sq mi)
 - Urban 91.5%
 - Landwart 8.5%
Population (2002 Census)
Time zone(s) YEKT (UTC+06:00)[6]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KHM
Number plates 86
Offeecial leids Roushie[7]
http://www.admhmao.ru/

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Roushie: Ха́нты-Манси́йский автоно́мный о́круг — Югра́‎, Khanty-Mansiysky avtonomny okrug – Yugra), an aw kent as Yugra, is a federal subject o Roushie (an autonomous okrug o Tyumen Oblast). Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census).[5]

The people native tae the region are the Khanty an the Mansi, kent collectively as Ob Ugric fowk. The local leids, Khanty leid an Mansi leid, which are relatit tae Hungarian, enjoy special status in the autonomous okrug, while Roushie remains the anerlie offeecial leid.

The majority o the ile producit in Roushie comes frae Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug, givin the region great economic importance.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Principal rivers are the Ob an its tributary the Irtysh.

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug is traversed bi the northeasterly line o equal latitude an langitude.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 1,532,243 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 1,432,817 (2002 Census);[8] 1,268,439 (1989 Census).[9]

Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug haes an aurie o 523,100 km², but the aurie is spairsely populatit. The admeenistrative center is Khanty-Mansiysk, but the lairgest ceeties are Surgut, Nizhnevartovsk, an Nefteyugansk.

Ethnic groups[eedit | eedit soorce]

The indigenous population (Khanty, Mansi, and Nenets) is only 2% of the total population. The exploitation of natural gas in Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug has attracted immigrants from all over the former Soviet Union. The 2010 Census counted twenty-five ethnic groups of more than two thousand persons each. The ethnic composition is as follows:

Population of Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug[10]
Roushie 68.1% Mansi 0.8%
Ukrainian 6.4% Kumyk 1%
Tatar 7.6% Lezgin 0.9%
Bashkir 2.5% German 0.5%
Azeri 1.8% Uzbek 0.7%
Belaroushies 1% Chechen 0.5%
Khanty 1.3% Armenian 0.4%
Chuvash 0.9% Other 3.4%
Moldovan 0.7%

Historical population figures are shown belaw:

Ethnic
group
1939 Census 1959 Census 1970 Census 1979 Census 1989 Census 2002 Census 2010 Census1
Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  % Number  %
Khanty 12,238 13.1% 11,435 9.2% 12,222 4.5% 11,219 2.0% 11,892 0.9% 17,128 1.2% 19,068 1.3%
Mansi 5,768 6.2% 5,644 4.6% 6,684 2.5% 6,156 1.1% 6,562 0.5% 9,894 0.7% 10,977 0.8%
Nenets 852 0.9% 815 0.7% 940 0.3% 1,003 0.2% 1,144 0.1% 1,290 0.1% 1,438 0.1%
Komi 2,436 2.6% 2,803 2.3% 3,150 1.2% 3,105 0.5% 3,000 0.2% 3,081 0.2% 2,364 0.2%
Roushies 67,616 72.5% 89,813 72.5% 208,500 76.9% 423,792 74.3% 850,297 66.3% 946,590 66.1% 973,978 68.1%
Ukrainians 1,111 1.2% 4,363 3.5% 9,986 3.7% 45,484 8.0% 148,317 11.6% 123,238 8.6% 91,323 6.4%
Tatars 2,227 2.4% 2,938 2.4% 14,046 5.2% 36,898 6.5% 97,689 7.6% 107,637 7.5% 108,899 7.6%
Ithers 1,026 1.1% 6,115 4.9% 15,629 5.8% 43,106 7.6% 163,495 12.7% 223,959 15.6% 173,536 12.6%
1 102,138 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[11]

Vital statistics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Source: Russian Federal State Statistics Service
Average population (x 1000) Live births Deaths Natural change Crude birth rate (per 1000) Crude death rate (per 1000) Natural change (per 1000)
1970 281 5 959 2 025 3 934 21.2 7.2 14.0
1975 415 9 450 2 572 6 878 22.8 6.2 16.6
1980 649 13 901 4 116 9 785 21.4 6.3 15.1
1985 1 041 25 130 4 863 20 267 24.1 4.7 19.5
1990 1 274 21 812 5 354 16 458 17.1 4.2 12.9
1991 1 276 19 060 5 884 13 176 14.9 4.6 10.3
1992 1 270 15 849 7 132 8 717 12.5 5.6 6.9
1993 1 274 14 531 9 401 5 130 11.4 7.4 4.0
1994 1 286 15 120 9 937 5 183 11.8 7.7 4.0
1995 1 298 14 418 10 041 4 377 11.1 7.7 3.4
1996 1 310 14 469 9 508 4 961 11.0 7.3 3.8
1997 1 330 14 640 8 497 6 143 11.0 6.4 4.6
1998 1 351 15 600 8 164 7 436 11.5 6.0 5.5
1999 1 359 14 728 8 476 6 252 10.8 6.2 4.6
2000 1 372 15 579 9 426 6 153 11.4 6.9 4.5
2001 1 398 17 130 9 863 7 267 12.3 7.1 5.2
2002 1 426 19 051 9 829 9 222 13.4 6.9 6.5
2003 1 445 19 883 10 000 9 883 13.8 6.9 6.8
2004 1 456 20 377 9 828 10 549 14.0 6.8 7.2
2005 1 466 19 958 10 415 9 543 13.6 7.1 6.5
2006 1 476 20 366 10 077 10 289 13.8 6.8 7.0
2007 1 487 21 887 10 093 11 794 14.7 6.8 7.9
2008 1 500 23 197 10 215 12 982 15.5 6.8 8.7
2009 1 513 23 840 10 107 13 733 15.8 6.7 9.1
2010 1 527 25 089 10 447 14 642 16.4 6.8 9.6

Releegion[eedit | eedit soorce]

A majority o the population is Orthodox Christian, while a significant minority (aboot 17%) o the population follaes Islam.

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

In the Khanty–Mansi Autonomous Okrug – Yugra, primary transport o guids accoontit for watter an railway transport, 29% is transportit bi road, an 2% aviation. The total length o railway tracks 1106 km. The length o roads, mair than 18000.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart o the Roushie Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug. Natalya Vladimirovna Komarova, Governor of Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug (Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number o Destricts, Inhabitit Localities, an Rural Admeenistration bi Federal Subjects o the Roushie Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Offeecial the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  8. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  9. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. National Composition of Population for Regions of the Russian Federation (XLS). 2010 Russian All-Population Census. 2010. Retrieved 2011-12-22. 
  11. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

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