Kostroma Oblast

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Kostroma Oblast
Костромская область (Roushie)
—  Oblast  —


Coat o airms
Coordinates: 58°33′N 43°41′E / 58.550°N 43.683°E / 58.550; 43.683
Poleetical status
Kintra Roushie
Federal destrict Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Established August 13, 1944[3]
Admeenistrative center Kostroma
Govrenment (as of August 2010)
 - Govrenor[4] Igor Slyunyayev[5]
 - Legislature Oblast Duma[6]
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[7]
 - Total 60,100 km2 (23,204.7 sq mi)
Aurie rank 47t
Population (2010 Census)[8]
 - Total 667,562
 - Rank 67t
 - Density 11.11 /km2 (28.8 /sq mi)
 - Urban 69.9%
 - Landwart 30.1%
Population (2002 Census)
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[9]
ISO 3166-2 RU-KOS
Number plates 44
Offeecial leids Roushie[10]

Kostroma Oblast (Roushie: Костромска́я о́бласть‎, Kostromskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Kostroma. Population: 667,562 (2010 Census).[8]

Major historic touns include Kostroma, Sharya, Nerekhta, Galich, Soligalich, an Makaryev. Textile industries hae been developit there syne the early 18t century. The oblast wis detached frae Yaroslavl Oblast in 1944.

The govrenor o the oblast wis Viktor Shershunov frae 1997 till his daith in a caur crash on September 20, 2007. As o 2011, Igor Slyunyayev is the govrenor.

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Frae c. 300 CE the whole current aurie o Kostroma wi exception the aurie east o River Unzha wis pairt o historical Finno-Ugric fowk' lands, like the Merya fowk an their loose tribal confederation. There wur at least 109 Merya settlements locatit in the aurie o which the maist important belaw mentioned tradin centers an important hill fortresses wur later recordit bi the Roushies as they foondit touns in the late 9t tae 12t centuries.

The oblast wis formit on August 13, 1944.

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

Kostroma Oblast borders Vologda Oblast (N), Kirov Oblast (E), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (S), Ivanovo Oblast (W), an Yaroslavl Oblast (NW). The main rivers are the Volga an the Kostroma. Hintle o the aurie is covered bi firths, makkin it ane o the principal timber producin regions in Europe.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main industrial sectors include the fuel, chemical an petrochemical, forest, woodwirkin (lumber, plywood, chipboard, fiberboard, an furnitur), pulp an paper, fuid (alcoholic beverages an starch), licht (linen, hemp, an jute fabrics; clothin, shoes, an knittit guids), biggin material, power an ingineerin excavators, machine tuils, an equipment for the textile, chemical, fuid, an woodwirkin industries.[11]

The jewelry trade began developin in Kostroma in the 19t century. Engravin, siller niello (siller wi black engravin), an ornaments wi colored glass an enamel insets are some examples o the airt. The lairgest center o the jewelry industry is the veelage o Krasnoe-on-Volga.

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Agriculture is ane o Kostroma Oblast's maist important sectors. Rye, wheat, barley, an oats are grown here, an beekeepin an plant cultivation are expandin. Traditional flax cultivation an processin is revivin. Housomeivver, agricultur in the region is mainly orientit towards livestock fermin, e.g., beef an dairy cattle, pigs, sheep, an poultry. Agricultural land occupees 940,000 hectares in the Oblast, includin 26,400 hectares allottit tae individual ferms an 551,000 hectares o cropland.[11]

Transport[eedit | eedit soorce]

Oblast is bund tae ither Roushie regions bi roads, railroads (6-7 oors frae Moscow) an air routes. Kostroma Airport serves tae let fowk fly regularly inside Oblast an unregularly tae Moscow.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 667,562 (2010 Census);[8] 736,641 (2002 Census);[12] 809,882 (1989 Census).[13]

  • Births: 7,867 (11.3 per 1000)
  • Daiths: 12,576 (18.1 per 1000) [14]

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Roushies - 96.6%
  • Ukrainians - 0.9%
  • Others - 2.5%
  • 23,194 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[15]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart o the Roushie Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Charter, Article 6.1
  4. Charter, Article 8.2
  5. Official website of the Administration of Kostroma Oblast. Govrenor (Roushie)
  6. Charter, Article 8.1.1
  7. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number o Destricts, Inhabitit Localities, an Rural Admeenistration bi Federal Subjects o the Roushie Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  8. 8.0 8.1 8.2 8.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  9. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  10. Offeecial the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Kostroma Region
  12. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  14. http://stat.kostroma.ru/digital/nasel/default.aspx
  15. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

Sources[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Костромская областная Дума. Закон №300-4-ЗКО от 24 апреля 2008 г. «Устав Костромской области», в ред. Закона №464-4-ЗКО от 13 апреля 2009 г. «О внесении поправок в Устав Костромской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней после дня официального публикования. Опубликован: "СП — нормативные документы", №66 (1314), 30 апреля 2008 г. (Kostroma Oblast Duma. Law #300-4-ZKO of April 24, 2008 Charter of Kostroma Oblast, as amended by the Law #464-4-ZKO of April 13, 2009 On Amending the Charter of Kostroma Oblast. Effective as of the date ten days after the official publication date.).

External links[eedit | eedit soorce]