Oryol Oblast

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Oryol Oblast
Орловская область (Roushie)
—  Oblast  —

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Coordinates: 52°51′N 36°26′E / 52.850°N 36.433°E / 52.850; 36.433
Poleetical status
Kintra Roushie
Federal destrict Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Established September 27, 1937
Admeenistrative center Oryol
Govrenment (as of March 2011)
 - Govrenor Alexander Kozlov[3]
 - Legislature Oblast Council of People's Deputies
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Total 24,700 km2 (9,536.7 sq mi)
Aurie rank 70t
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Total 786,935
 - Rank 63rd
 - Density 31.86 /km2 (82.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 65.5%
 - Landwart 34.5%
Population (2002 Census)
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[6]
ISO 3166-2 RU-ORL
Number plates 57
Offeecial leids Roushie[7]
http://www.adm.orel.ru/

Oryol Oblast (Roushie: Орло́вская о́бласть‎, Orlovskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast). Its admeenistrative center is the ceety o Oryol. Population: 786,935 (2010 Census).[5]

Geography[eedit | eedit soorce]

It is locatit in the soothwastren pairt o the Central Federal Destrict, in the Mid-Roushie Hielands. Kaluga an Tula Oblasts border it in the north, Bryansk Oblast is locatit tae the wast, Kursk Oblast—tae the sooth, an Lipetsk Oblast is tae the east. Frae north tae sooth, it extends for mair than 150 kilometers (93 mi), an frae wast tae east—for ower 200 kilometers (120 mi). In terms of area, at 24,700 square kilometers (9,500 sq mi) it is ane o the smawest federal subjects.[8]

The climate is temperate. The average Januar temperature is −8 °C (18 °F) an the average Julie temperatur is +18 °C (64 °F). Rainfaw averages 490 tae 590 mm, an snaw cover averages 126 days.

There are 4,800 square kilometers (1,900 sq mi) o black earth soils (chernozems) in the oblast, which amounts tae three-quarters o the warld chernozem reserves.[8]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

It wis creatit in 1937 oot o three ither oblasts: Kursk Oblast, Wastren Oblast, an Voronezh Oblast. It includit present Bryansk Oblast atween 1937-1944 an aw.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

Main airticle: Admeenistrative diveesions o Oryol Oblast

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

The main industries in Oryol Oblast are the fuid an licht industries, ingineerin an metalwirkin, an ferrous an nonferrous metallurgy. The ingineerin an metalwirkin industries manufacture production equipment for various industries, forklift trucks, construction an agricultural equipment, an machinery for municipal services. Numerous companies in the instrument-makkin an electronics sectors maintain heich scientific an technical potential wi the latest heich-end technologies an experienced specialists.[9]

Agricultur[eedit | eedit soorce]

Maist o the oblast's agricultural land is uised for plant cultivation. Grain growin is vera important, wi winter wheat an rye being the main crops. Buckwheat, oats, barley, an potatoes are an aw grown, an sugar beets are in great demand. The aurie plantit in feed grains is increasin due tae the expansion o livestock fermin, which includes beef an dairy cattle fermin, pig fermin, sheep fermin for meat an wool, poultry fermin, an horse breedin.[10]

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 786,935 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 860,262 (2002 Census);[11] 890,636 (1989 Census).[12]

2008
  • Births: 8,345 (10.2 per 1000)
  • Daiths: 14,116 (17.3 per 1000)[13]

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Roushies - 96.1%
  • Ukrainians - 1%
  • Ithers - 2.9%
  • 17,468 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud not declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[14]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart o the Roushie Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Oryol Oblast. Alexander Kozlov, Governor of Oryol Oblast (Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number o Destricts, Inhabitit Localities, an Rural Admeenistration bi Federal Subjects o the Roushie Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  7. Offeecial the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Airticle 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  8. 8.0 8.1 "Orel Region". Retrieved 2006-11-29. 
  9. Oryol Oblast
  10. Oryol Region
  11. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  12. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  13. GKS.ru (Roushie)
  14. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

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