Yaroslavl Oblast

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Yaroslavl Oblast
Ярославская область (Russian)
—  Oblast  —

Flag o Yaroslavl Oblast

Coat o airms o Yaroslavl Oblast
Coordinates: 57°52′N 39°12′E / 57.867°N 39.200°E / 57.867; 39.200Coordinates: 57°52′N 39°12′E / 57.867°N 39.200°E / 57.867; 39.200
Poleetical status
Country  Roushie
Federal destrict Central[1]
Economic region Central[2]
Established March 11, 1936
Admeenistrative center Yaroslavl
Government (as of Mairch 2011)
 - Govrenor Sergey Vakhrukov[3]
 - Legislatur Oblast Duma
Statistics
Aurie (as o the 2002 Census)[4]
 - Tot 36,400 km2 (14,100 sq mi)
Aurie rank 60t
Population (2010 Census)[5]
 - Tot 1,272,468
 - Rank 39t
 - Density[6] 34.96 /km2 (90.5 /sq mi)
 - Urban 82.2%
 - Rural 17.8%
Time zone(s) MSK (UTC+04:00)[7]
ISO 3166-2 RU-YAR
License plates 76
Offeecial leids Roushie[8]
Offeecial wabsteid

Yaroslavl Oblast (Roushie: Яросла́вская о́бласть‎, Yaroslavskaya oblast) is a federal subject o Roushie (an oblast), which is locatit in the Central Federal Destrict, surroondit bi Tver, Moscow, Ivanovo, Vladimir, Kostroma, an Vologda Oblasts. This geographic location affords the oblast the advantages o proximity tae Moscow an St. Petersburg. Additionally, the admeenistrative center of the oblast—the ceety o Yaroslavl—is an intersection o major heich-gates, railroads, an waterways. Population: 1,272,468 (2010 Census).[5]

History[eedit | eedit soorce]

Yaroslavl Oblast wis established on 11 Mairch 1936.

Natur[eedit | eedit soorce]

The climate is moderate continental, wi snawy winters an a short but rather hot simmer. Umwhile amaist aw territory wis covered wi thick conifer forest (fir, pine), but nou a lairge portion o it haes been replacit wi birch-an-aspen seicontary forests an crop fields. Swamps an aw take considerable auries.

Lairge animals hae been hintle reducit in numbers, but there are still some bears, Woufwolves, foxes, moose, an wild boars.

A great number o wild birds live an nest in the oblast.

In ceeties, maist common birds are pigeons, jackdaws, hoodit crows, rooks, hoose sparrows, an great tits.

The Volga River flows through Yaroslavl Oblast, wi twa major dams constructit at Uglich an Rybinsk. The Rybinsk Reservoir, filled atween 1941 an 1947, is ane o the lairgest in Europe; its fillin floodit the toun o Mologa an several hunders o veelages, necessitatin the relocation o some 150,000 in Yaroslavl, Vologda, an Kalinin (nou Tver) Oblasts.

Mineral resources are limitit tae construction materials (such as sand, gravel, clay) an peat. There are mineral watter springs an wells an aw.

Demographics[eedit | eedit soorce]

Population: 1,272,468 (2010 Census preliminary results);[5] 1,367,398 (2002 Census);[9] 1,470,357 (1989 Census).[10]

Ethnic composition (2010):[5]

  • Roushies - 96%
  • Ukrainians - 0.8%
  • Armenies - 0.6%
  • Azeris - 0.4%
  • Tatars - 0.4%
  • Ezids - 0.3%
  • Belaroushies - 0.2%
  • Ithers - 1.3%
  • 51,001 fowk wur registered frae admeenistrative databases, an coud no declare an ethnicity. It is estimatit that the proportion o ethnicities in this group is the same as that o the declared group.[11]

Life expectancy:

  • Average: 63 years
  • Males: 57 years
  • Females: 71 years

Economy[eedit | eedit soorce]

  • Total volume o ootput for 12 months o the year 1997: 15,933.1 billion rubles1)
  • Total balance profit o enterprises for 12 months o the year 1997: 1,227.4 billion roubles2)
  • Total tax collection for 12 month o the year 1997: 4,781.8 billion rubles (includin Federal budget accruals in the amoont o 1,999.3 billion roubles)
  • Unemployment level: 2.4% o total wirkforce

1) lairge an medium-sized enterprises.
2) includin industry, agricultur, construction, transport.

Admeenistrative diveesions[eedit | eedit soorce]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Президент Российской Федерации. Указ №849 от 13 мая 2000 г. «О полномочном представителе Президента Российской Федерации в федеральном округе». Вступил в силу 13 мая 2000 г. Опубликован: "Собрание законодательства РФ", №20, ст. 2112, 15 мая 2000 г. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. Госстандарт Российской Федерации. №ОК 024-95 27 декабря 1995 г. «Общероссийский классификатор экономических регионов. 2. Экономические районы», в ред. Изменения №5/2001 ОКЭР. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. Official website of Yaroslavl Oblast. Sergey Alexeyevich Vakhrukov, Governor of Yaroslavl Oblast (Roushie)
  4. Федеральная служба государственной статистики (Federal State Statistics Service) (2004-05-21). "Территория, число районов, населённых пунктов и сельских администраций по субъектам Российской Федерации (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011-11-01. 
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1)]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. 2011. Retrieved June 29, 2012. 
  6. The density value wis calculatit bi dividin the population reported bi the 2010 Census bi the aurie shawn in the "Aurie" field. Please note that this value mey nae be accurate as the aurie specified in the infobox is nae necessarily reportit for the same year as the population.
  7. Правительство Российской Федерации. Постановление №725 от 31 августа 2011 г. «О составе территорий, образующих каждую часовую зону, и порядке исчисления времени в часовых зонах, а также о признании утратившими силу отдельных Постановлений Правительства Российской Федерации». Вступил в силу по истечении 7 дней после дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Российская Газета", №197, 6 сентября 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Resolution #725 of August 31, 2011 On the Composition of the Territories Included into Each Time Zone and on the Procedures of Timekeeping in the Time Zones, as Well as on Abrogation of Several Resolutions of the Government of the Russian Federation. Effective as of after 7 days following the day of the official publication.).
  8. Offeecial on the whole territory o Roushie accordin tae Article 68.1 o the Constitution o Roushie.
  9. "Численность населения России, субъектов Российской Федерации в составе федеральных округов, районов, городских поселений, сельских населённых пунктов – районных центров и сельских населённых пунктов с населением 3 тысячи и более человек" [Population of Russia, its federal districts, federal subjects, districts, urban localities, rural localities—administrative centers, and rural localities with population of over 3,000]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2002 года (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. May 21, 2004. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  10. Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров." [All Union Population Census of 1989. Present population of union and autonomous republics, autonomous oblasts and okrugs, krais, oblasts, districts, urban settlements, and villages serving as district administrative centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года (All-Union Population Census of 1989) (in Russian). Institute of Demographics of the State University—Higher School of Economics. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  11. http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936

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