Romanie

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Coordinates: 46°N 25°E / 46°N 25°E / 46; 25

Romanie
România  (Romanie)
Anthem: Deșteaptă-te, române!
'"Awaken thee, Romanie!"

Location o  Romanie  (daurk green)– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]
Location o  Romanie  (daurk green)

– on the European continent  (green & daurk grey)
– in the European Union  (green)  —  [Legend]

Caipital Bucharest
44°25′N 26°06′E / 44.417°N 26.100°E / 44.417; 26.100
Lairgest ceety capital
Offeecial leids Romanie[1]
Recognised minority
leids[2]
Ethnic groups (2011[3])
Demonym Romanie
Govrenment Unitar semi-presidential
republic
• Preses
Klaus Iohannis
Vasilica-Viorica Dăncilă
Legislatur Pairlament
Senate
Chaumer o Deputes
Formation
168 BC
106
275 – 10t century
• First Romanian polities
10t century – 1330
1330
1346
1570
• First union unner Michael the Brave
1600
24 Januar 1859
9 Mey 1877 / 1878b
14 Mairch 1881
1 December 1918d
Aurie
• Tot
238,397 km2 (92,046 sq mi) (83rd)
• Watter (%)
3
Population
• 2015 estimate
19,511,000 Decrease[4] (59t)
• 2011 census
20,121,641[3] (58t)
• Density
84.4/km2 (218.6/sq mi) (117th)
GDP (PPP) 2017 estimate
• Total
$470.312 billion[5] (42nd)
• Per capita
$23,957 (61st)
GDP (nominal) 2017 estimate
• Total
$197.004 billion[5] (49t)
• Per capita
$10,097 (67t)
Gini (2013) Steady 34[6]
medium
HDI (2015) Increase 0.802[7]
verra heich · 50t
Siller Romanie leu (RON)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
• Summer (DST)
EEST (UTC+3)
Date format dd.mm.yyyy (AD)
Drives on the right
Cawin code +40
Patron saunt Saunt Andra
ISO 3166 code RO
Internet TLD .roe
  1. The dooble election o Alexandru Ioan Cuza in Moldavie an Wallachie (respectively, 5 an 24 Januar 1859).
  2. Unthirldom proclaimed on 9 Mey 1877, internaitionally recognised in 1878.
  3. The union o Romanie wi Bessarabie, Bukovina an Transylvanie in 1918.
  4. Monarchy wis abolished on 30 December 1947 upon the proclamation o the Fowkrepublic an wis cheenged wi the new constitution upon its adoption on 21 August 1965 as the Socialist Republic. The Communist regime fell on 22 December 1989, the new democratic govrenment wis installed on 20 Mey 1990 an the new post-communist constitution wis adoptit on 21 November 1991. Romanie jyned the European Union on 1 Januar 2007.
  5. An aa .eu, shared wi ither European Union member states.

Romania (Romanie: România Listeni[romɨˈni.a]) is a sovereign state locatit in Sootheastren Europe. It mairches the Black Sea, Bulgarie, Ukraine, Hungary, Serbie, an Moldovae. It haes an aurie o 238,397 square kilometres (92,046 sq mi) an a temperate-continental climate. Wi awmaist 20 million indwallers, the kintra is the seivent maist populous member state o the European Union. Its caipital an lairgest ceety, Bucharest, is the saxt-lairgest ceety in the EU, wi 1,883,425 indwallers as o 2011.[8]

The River Danube, Europe's seicont-langest river, rises in Germany an flowes in a general sootheast direction for 2,857 km (1,775 mi), coorsin throu ten kintras afore emptyin intae Romanie's Danube Delta. The Carpathian Moontains, that cross Romanie frae the north tae the soothwast, include Moldoveanu, at 2,544 m (8,346 ft).[9]

Modren Romanie wis formed in 1859 throu a personal union o the Danubian Principalities o Moldavie an Wallachie. The new state, offeecially named Romanie syne 1866, gained unthirldom frae the Ottoman Empire in 1877. At the end o Warld War I, Transylvanie, Bukovina an Bessarabie unitit wi the sovereign Kinrick o Romanie. In Warld War II, Romanie wis an ally o Nazi Germany against the Soviet Union, fechtin side bi side wi the Wehrmacht till 1944, whan it jyned the Allied pouers an faced occupation bi the Reid Airmy forces. Romanie lost several territories, o that Northren Transylvanie wis regained efter the war. Follaein the war, Romanie becam a socialist republic an member o the Warsaw Pact. Efter the 1989 Revolution, Romanie begoud a transeetion taewart democracy an a caipitalist mercat economy.

Romanie is a developin kintra an ane o the puirest in the European Union, rankin 50t in the Human Development Index,[10][11] awtho as o 2017 its economy is growin at an estimatit annual rate o 5%, tied wi Maltae for the heichest in the EU.[12] Follaein rapid economic growthe in the early 2000s, Romanie haes an economy predominantly based on services, an is a producer an net exporter o machines an electric energy, featurin companies lik Automobile Dacia an OMV Petrom. It haes been a member o NATO syne 2004, an pairt o the European Union syne 2007. A strang majority o the population identifee themsels as Eastren Orthodox Christians an are native speakers o Romanie, a Romance leid. The cultural history o Romanie is eften referred tae whan dealin wi influential airtists, muisickers, inventors, an sportsfowk.

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "Constitution of Romania". Cdep.ro. Retrieved 2 October 2013. 
  2. "Reservations and Declarations for Treaty No.148 – European Charter for Regional or Minority Languages". Council of Europe. Council of Europe. Retrieved 3 December 2015. 
  3. 3.0 3.1 "Romanian 2011 census (final results)" (PDF) (in Romanie). INSSE. Retrieved 28 August 2012. 
  4. "United Nations world population prospects".(PDF) 2015 Revision
  5. 5.0 5.1 "Romania". International Monetary Fund. Retrieved 21 April 2017. 
  6. "Gini coefficient of equivalised disposable income (source: SILC)". Eurostat Data Explorer. Retrieved 8 February 2015. 
  7. "2016 Human Development Report Romania" (PDF). United Nations Development Programme. 2016. pp. 2–3. Retrieved 22 March 2017. 
  8. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived frae the oreeginal (PDF) on 13 November 2014. Retrieved 28 September 2014. 
  9. "Romania Geography". aboutromania.com. Archived frae the oreeginal on 28 March 2015. Retrieved 4 April 2015. 
  10. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 25 April 2017. Retrieved 24 April 2017. 
  11. "Archived copy". Archived frae the oreeginal on 10 October 2017. Retrieved 24 September 2017. 
  12. ""Country Comparison : GDP - Real Growth Rate", CIA World Factbook, accessed 26 July 2017". Cia.gov. Archived frae the oreeginal on 1 July 2017. Retrieved 26 July 2017.