Rashidun Caliphate

Frae Wikipedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Rashidun Caliphate
الخلافة الراشدة
8 Juin 632 CE–28 Julie 661 CE
The Rashidun Empire reached its greatest extent unner Caliph Uthman, in 654.
The Rashidun Empire reached its greatest extent unner Caliph Uthman, in 654.
Status Caliphate
Caipital Medina (632–656)
Kufa (656–661)
Common leids Arabic, Aramaic/Syriac, Armenie, Berber, Coptic, Georgie, Greek, Ebreu, Turkis, Middle Persie, Kurdish
Releegion Sunni Islam
Govrenment Caliphate
Amir al-Mu'minin¹  
• 632–634
Abu Bakr
• 634–644
Umar
• 644–656
Uthman
• 656–661
Ali
History  
• Established
8 Juin 632 CE
• First Fitna (internal conflict) ends
28 Julie 661 CE
Aurie
8,400,000 km2 (3,200,000 sq mi)
Population
• 
21400000
Currency Dinar, Dirham
Precedit bi
Succeedit bi
Muhammad in Medina
Byzantine Empire
Sassanid Empire
Umayyad Caliphate
The day pairt o
Amir al-Mu'minin (أمير المؤمنين), Caliph (خليفة)

The Rashidun Caliphate (Arabic: الخلافة الراشدةal-Khilāfah ar-Rāshidah, c. 632–661) is the collective term comprisin the first fower caliphs—the "Richtly Guidit" or Rashidun caliphs (Arabic: الخلفاء الراشدونal-Khulafā’ ar-Rāshidūn)—in Islamic history an wis foondit efter Muhammad's daith in 632 (year 11 AH in the Islamic calendar).