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Breetish Mandate o Palestine (green) an the borders o the day's Israel, Wast Bank an Gaza Strip
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Cunyie o Breetish Palestine wi the Arabic, Inglis, & Ebreu leids

Palestine (Arabic: فلسطينFilasṭīn, Falasṭīn, Filisṭīn) is a conventional name uised, amang others, tae describe a geographic region atween the Mediterranean Sea an the Jordan River, an sindry adjoinin lands.[1]

Oreegin o name[eedit | eedit soorce]

The name "Palestine" is the cognate o an ancient wird meanin "Philistines" or "Land o the Philistines".[2][3][4] In keepin wi the Greek cultur o the day, it haes an aa been suggestit that it mey an aa be a play on the wird Παλαιστής Palaistes (Greek for wrestler) an a reference tae Jacob, later cawed Israel, the foonder o the ancient Israeli naition.[5]

The earliest kent mention is thocht tae be in Ancient Egyptian texts o the temple at Medinet Habu which record a fowk cawed the P-r-s-t (conventionally Peleset) amang the Sea Peoples who invadit Egypt in Ramesses III's reign.[6] The Ebreu name Peleshet (פלשת Pəléshseth)- uisually translatit as Philistia in Inglis, is uised in the Bible tae denote the soothren coastal region that wis inhabitit bi the Philistines tae the wast o the ancient Kinrick o Judah.[7]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "The Palestine Exploration Fund". The Palestine Exploration Fund. Archived frae the original on 5 August 2017. Retrieved 4 Apryle 2008.
  2. Sharon 1988, p. 4.
  3. Room, 1997, p. 285.
  4. Greek Παλαιστινη from Φυλιστινος/Φυλιστιειμ, see e.g. Josephus, Antiquities I.136; cf. First Book of Moses (Genesis) X.13.
  5. "JSTOR: Bulletin of the American Schools of Oriental Research, No. 313 (Feb., 1999), pp. 65-74". jstor.org. Retrieved 17 Julie 2010.
  6. Fahlbusch et al. 2005, p. 185.
  7. Lewis, 1993, p. 153.