Ebreu

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Ebreu
עברית, Ivrit
Temple Scroll.png
Portion o the Temple Scroll, ane o the langest o the Dead Sea Scrolls discovered at Qumran
Pronunciation [(ʔ)ivˈʁit] - [(ʔ)ivˈɾit][note 1]
Native tae Israel
Region Laund o Israel
Ethnicity Israelites; Jews & Samaritans
Extinct Auncient Ebreu extinct by 586 CE, survivin as a leeturgical leid for Judaism[1][2][3]
Revival 9.0 million speakers o Modren Ebreu o which 5 million in Israel. (2016)[4]
Early forms
Staundart forms
Ebreu alphabet
Paleo-Ebreu alphabet (Archaic Biblical Ebreu)
Imperial Aramaic script (Late Biblical Ebreu)
Signed Ebreu (oral Ebreu accompanied bi sign)[5]
Offeecial status
Offeecial leid in
 Israel (as Modren Ebreu)
Regulatit bi Academy o the Ebreu Leid
האקדמיה ללשון העברית (HaAkademia LaLashon HaʿIvrit)
Leid codes
ISO 639-1 he
ISO 639-2 heb
ISO 639-3 Variously:
heb – Modren Ebreu
hbo – Clessical Ebreu (leeturgical)
smp – Samaritan Ebreu (leeturgical)
obm – Moabite (extinct)
xdm – Edomite (extinct)
Glottolog hebr1246[6]
Linguasphere 12-AAB-a
Idioma hebreo.PNG
The Ebreu-speakin warld:
  regions whaur Ebreu is the leid o the majority (Israel)
  regions whaur Ebreu is the leid o a signeeficant minority (Wast Bank an Golan Hichts)
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Ebreu alphabet

Ebreu (עִבְרִית) is a Semitic leid o the Afro-Asiatic leid faimlie. Modren Ebreu is spoken bi mair nor 7 million fowk in Israel an Classical Ebreu uised for prayer in Jewish commontis aroond the warld. It is ane o the offeecial leids o Israel alang wi Arabic. Ebreu wis extinct as a spoken leid in the 4t century, but survived as a liturgical leid, an wis cowered in the 1880s. Som leids integrate Ebeu wirds, as Yiddish an Spainyie assimilatit-Jews leids.

Notes[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. Sephardi [ʕivˈɾit]; Iraqi [ʕibˈriːθ]; Yemenite [ʕivˈriːθ]; Ashkenazi realisation [iv'ʀis] or [iv'ris] strict pronunciation [ʔiv'ris] or [ʔiv'ʀis]

References[eedit | eedit soorce]

  1. "A History of the Hebrew Language". google.co.uk. 
  2. H. S. Nyberg 1952. Hebreisk Grammatik. s. 2. Reprinted in Sweden by Universitetstryckeriet, Uppsala 2006.
  3. Modren Ebreu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Clessical Ebreu (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Samaritan Ebreu (leeturgical) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Moabite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Edomite (extinct) at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  4. Thompson, Irene (June 15, 2016). "Hebrew". About World Languages. 
  5. Meir, Irit; Sandler, Wendy (2013). A Language in Space: The Story of Israeli Sign Language. 
  6. Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Hebrewic". Glottolog. Leipzig: Max Planck Institute for Evolutionary Anthropology.